Comparing Different Roles and Characteristics of a Leader and Manager

Added on -2020-02-17

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Management and operations
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................3TASK 1............................................................................................................................................3a) Comparing different roles and characteristics of a leader and manager ................................3b) Manner in which role of leader and function of manager is applied in different situations ..4c) Applying theories and models of leadership...........................................................................4d) Analysis and differentiating among leader and function of manager.....................................5E) Strength and weaknesses of varied approaches to situations in work environment...............6F) Critical analysis and evaluation of different theories. ...........................................................7TASK 2............................................................................................................................................7A Key approaches to operation management and role that leaders and managers play.............7B Importance and value of operation management in achieving the business objectives..........8C Factors within business environment which impacts operational management and decision-making by leaders and managers................................................................................................9D How leaders and managers can improve efficiencies of operational management.................9E Different factors affecting business environment and wider community..............................10F Critical evaluation of operational management and factors impacting wider businessenvironment...............................................................................................................................11CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................12REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................13
INTRODUCTIONBusiness operations are related to the designing and controlling the process of theproduction. Through these, business organisation will be able to achieve its objectives in anefficient manner. The manager is responsible to organize the day to day activities so that overallperformance can be improved as well as profitability can be achieved. This is mainly concernedwith the process that convert inputs into outputs (Ravi, 2008). Management of the organization isdeals with the overall operations of the firm that how to manage its operations and so on. Thecompany have many mangers who have their respective roles according to their functional unit.It is the responsibility of the firm to manage all the business activities so that success can beachieved in the market. The present report is based on Kraft Foods Banbury which perform itsoperations in United Kingdom. The food industry provide food to the number of customers andfocus on their business activities (Krajewski, Ritzman and Malhotra, 2013). The belowmentioned report is based on the management and operations which explains the roles of a leaderand how these roles help the firm in achieving their goals. Along with this, it also explains thestrength and weaknesses of the different situational theories. TASK 1a) Comparing different roles and characteristics of a leader and manager Leadership is a significant factor which can help to operate a business more effectivelythrough using various resources like land, capital and entrepreneurship work together to attainorganisational goals and objectives more effectively. There are various roles and responsibilitieswhich performed by manager within the organisation (Patnaik and et. al., 2009). These roles andcharacteristics as given below:Roles and Characteristics of a leaderRoles and Characteristics of a managerA passionate leader has vision for future whichcan help to motive him.On the other hand a manager is more focusedon their projects and task which is related tothe short term goals of the company. A leader concentrates on the strategic leveldecisions which provide long term direction tothe business. Whereas manager is taking decision for theiroperational and tactical task which is related todaily and short period of time. Leader of the business inspires the team attainManager also motivates their subordinate to
their long term goals and objectives. complete their projects on right time which canhelp to increase efficiencies and productivity oftheir employees (Liu and et. al., 2008). b) Manner in which role of leader and function of manager is applied in different situations A leader and manager have to deal in different situations in the organization so they haveto perform their roles and functions in an efficient manner. Through this they will be able toachieve their objectives and improve the overall performance. Some of the situations are:Risk taking: Every manager and leader have to be risk taker then they will be able to leadthe food industry towards the success (Weng and et. al., 2010). The manager have to take risks insome situations like crisis, recession etc. further, if risks will not be taken by the manager thenprofits will not generated. Decision making: It is the role of the manager to take some decisions by involving all theemployees. In order to get success in the market the manager should consider the ideas of theirworkers. Through this, satisfaction among all the people can be increased. Both leader andmanager have to take effective decisions so that all objectives can be achieved. Problem solving: This should be done by all the manager and leader so that problem canbe resolved of the employees (Weiss, 2010). The manager of Kraft Food Banbury can also usesome tools and techniques to solve the problems of the staff members. Team building: It is the role of manager and leader to create a team of people so that quality work can be done by all the employees in competitive environment. If team will perform good then they can improve their overall performance.c) Applying theories and models of leadershipTo attain organisational goals and objective in an effective manner leader is requred to use various tools which can help to attain their these goals. There are following theories which can be used by the leader to enhance overall firm’s performance and profitability:Situational theory: According to this theory, no leadership techniques are best in a business unit, especially in food business (Berkes, 2009). Leadership theories are dependent on the situation and business strategies which can be used by the firm.

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