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Comparing group assignment PDF

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Running Head: COMPARING GROUPS
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COMPARING GROUPS
1
Aboriginal indigenous Australian people are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
individuals who were descended from human groups present in Australia and other
surrounding islands before the British colonization. The culture of this group have been
changed and developed over time. Before 1788, there were only indigenous aboriginal people
living in Australia and nearly 700 languages spoken in entire Australia (Dudgeon, Wright,
Paradies, Garvey, & Walker, 2010). LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender)
groups are the people who are gays, lesbians, bisexual and transgender. These people still
experiencing discrimination, hostility, and harassment in the different part in Australia and
facing issues in daily life (Addis, Davies, Greene, MacBrideStewart, & Shepherd, 2009). In
this particular essay, the current and historical events the affected the known risk factors in
the Aboriginal and Torres Islander and LGBT group will be discussed. How the health care
services and policies have influenced the health outcomes for both groups, will also be
discussed in this particular essay.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people make up to 3 percent of the total
population of Australia. They are changed from what they in the past and what they are
today. The problems they have been facing increased over time and their numbers reduced.
Some of the known risk factors that can impact the social-emotional wellbeing of the people
belong to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander groups include, impacts of stolen generations,
and removal of the children. Some of the other risk factors that need more focus are
unresolved trauma, separation from the culture, and their identity, discrimination based on the
culture and race, social and economic disadvantages, physical health issues, violence,
substance misuse, and incarceration. Discrimination with the indigenous aboriginals is not an
unfamiliar topic in Australia; it is a well-known issue in the country. Nearly 16 percent of
people belong to Aboriginal indigenous groups reported being treated badly by other group's
people for being aboriginal or Torres Islander (Kelly, Dudgeon, Gee, & Glaskin, 2009).
COMPARING GROUPS
2
Nearly 80 percent of children of LGBT parents experience homophobic bullying at the
schools (Grossman, Haney, Edwards, Alessi, Ardon, & Howell, 2009). Nearly 26 percent gay
men, 23 percent gay women, 47 percent transgender men and 37 percent of transgender
women experience the verbal abuse particularly in 2012 (Biblarz, & Savci, 2010).
There some events happen which impacted on the risk factors. On 27thmay 1967
nearly 90.77 percent Australian voted YES to include the Aboriginal and Torres Strait
Islander in the census and to make laws for them. The Australian government introduced the
Race Discrimination Act in 1975 according to which racial discrimination considered an
illegal act (Awofeso, 2011). In 1983, Aboriginal Child Principle developed with the efforts of
Aboriginal and Islander Child Care Agencies to ensure that the children or indigenous people
are placed with the indigenous families when fostering is necessary (Klenowski, 2009). In
1987, the northern territory election voting made compulsory for the aboriginal people
(Western Australian Association for Mental Health (n.a). In 1993 the commonwealth
government passes an act named native title act according to which the indigenous people are
allowed to make claims for lands. In 1997 commonwealth proposed Bringing them home
according to which the stolen generation has been reversed and they apologized for
separating the children from families (Queensland government, 2018). In 2013 a ten years
national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health plan has been released by the federal
government. The NSW State government announces nearly a 73 million dollar reparations
scheme for the stolen generation survivors. In the current year 2018, the South Australia State
government announces a stolen generation preparation scheme (Health Bulletin, 2018).
The people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender are facing various risk
factors that impact the emotional, psychological and physical well-being such as
discrimination, verbal homophobic abuse, physical homophobic abuse, humiliation, social
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