Concept of False Memories - PDF

Added on - 31 May 2021

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Running head: CAN MEMORY BE TRUSTED?CAN MEMORY BE TRUSTED?Name of the student:Name of the university:Author note:
1CAN MEMORY BE TRUSTED?Introduction:Memory is the ability to recover information about various types of past events as well asknowledge. Every individual has to commit to the support of memory for recalling of events,facts as well as processes. The main procedure of formation of memory is seen to includeencoding, retaining, storing as well as subsequently recalling information as well as pastexperiences (Bookbinder et al., 2016). Many cognitive psychologist and researchers havesupported the definition of memory as the process of retaining information as well as data overtime. Many other researchers have defined it as the ability of individuals to use the experiencesfor successfully determining the future path. Although, the memories seem to be solid as well asa straightforward sum of our identity and our activities, there are strong evidences that suggestotherwise (Roedieger et al., 2016). Memories seem to be quite complex and are subject to changeand is not at all reliable. In this content, the topic of false memories emerges. The assignmentwould be mainly focusing on the concept of false memories and the ways it can affect the life. Itwould also help to justify whether one could believe on their memories or not.Description: shedding more light on the concept of false theory:A false memory is one of the fabricated as well as the distorted recollection of events thattake place in an individual’s life. From surveys, it is found that people usually consider therememories as video recorders that are highly efficient and curate in documentation as well asstoring of everything that happens with perfect accuracy as well as clarity. However, researchershave also stated that people can feel completely confident that their memory is accurate but thisconfidence does not have any guarantee that the particular memory is correct (Brainerd &bookbinder, 2018).A false memory can be defined as the mental experiences, which are
2CAN MEMORY BE TRUSTED?mistakenly taken to a veridical representation of the vent from one’s personal past. Memoriescan become false in different relative ways. This may range from minor ways like one believingthat he has last seen the keys in the living room when it was seen by him in the kitchen to that ofmajor ways that may have different impacts and consequences not only for oneself but also forothers (Neuschatz et al., 2017).Can we trust our memory?Therefore, when there arises a question that can we really trust our memories, the answerbecomes quite difficult. The entire human civilisation works and operates on human memorybesides the activity of storing information with the help of technology. Therefore, every humanhas to be confident enough to trust their memories and intuitions to take decisions and developwork plans. However, one cannot trust the memory to such an extent that it makes him or hercompletely dedicate their decisions to the foundations of the memory (Zhang et al., 2017). Inorder to make the sentences easier, one can say that trusting the memory should not extend topotential loss or harm of any object or person or other living beings. While human beingsexperience memory failures from one time to another time, false memories are unique anddifferent in a way as they represent a distinct collection of something that actually did not takeplace (Liu et al., 2014). False memories is not about forgetting or mixing up details of things thathuman beings experience. It is mainly about remembering instances that the individuals did notexperience in the first place.Contribution of factors to false memories:It might arise a question as what contributes the formation of false memories.Researchers have stated that memories are not exactly like the cameras that are seen to preserve
3CAN MEMORY BE TRUSTED?every moments of lives in perfect details as that has actually happened in the reality. The mainfact is that it is more like a collage that are pieced together which may be sometimes beassociated crudely with the occasional embellishment as well as even outright fabrication.Inaccurate perception:Inaccurate perception is one cause of false memories. It is seen that there are many caseswhen human beings fail to see things that are there and even see things that are not there. Falsememories scan actually be born when the information is not encoded correctly in the first placeitself (Warren et al, 2014). When a human being witnesses the accident, he may not have clearview of the entire moments of the accidents. Recounting such events may become difficult, asthey did not see every detail of the accidents that makes their minds feel with gaols. Therefore,the mind of the person ma tends to fill in the gaps thereby recreating and event that might notmatch with the event that took place in the reality.Inference:It is true that old memories as well as new experience are often seen to compete withnewer information. This is mainly seen to result in modification of the newer memories and inother cases, newer information makes it difficult to remember older information. Often whilerecovering older information, holes or gaps are instilled in the recollection procedure where theminds tend to fill in the gaps (Bamatraf et al., 2015). These gaps are mainly filled by currentknowledge as well as different beliefs and expectation. In addition, another cause may result infalse memories. This has been proved through the researchers conducted by Loftus in the year197. Sometimes accurate information may indeed be mixed with incorrect information that isthen seen to distort the memories of the individuals of that even. Misinformation resulting in
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