Concept of Organisation Behaviour

Added on - 22 Nov 2020

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OrganisationBehaviour
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................3TASK 1............................................................................................................................................4P1. Organisational culture, power and politics:..........................................................................4TASK 2............................................................................................................................................6P2. Content and process theories of motivation and motivational techniques:...........................6TASK 3............................................................................................................................................9P3. Different types of team and Tuckman and Jensen's model:.................................................9TASK 4..........................................................................................................................................11P4. Concept and philosophies (path goal theory) of the organisation:.....................................11CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................12REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................14
INTRODUCTIONOrganisational behaviour refers to the study of attitude or behaviour of human in anorganisation. It is the interface between human behaviour and company itself. This is helpful inthe motivating employees, improving relations between employees and enables an organisationfor optimum utilisation of resources. The main objective of organisational behaviour is tounderstand interactions of people in an entity. A team plays an important role in the developmentof overall enterprise the organisational behaviour is very helpful in development of an effectiveteam. With the help of this concept, organisational culture is set up(Bissell and Dolan, 2012) .Organisational culture is set of values, visions, norms, systems, language and beliefs. This alsomake effect on the person's and group's performance and also has an impact on the widercommunity. Every organisation has different culture and set of values which is followed by thepeople of company. The enterprise optimise their performance by introducing and adopting thevalues which are founded on respect of understanding. This is very important to know thebehaviour of individual's in an enterprise as it allows company to set their goalsTo better understand this concept company,A David & Co Limited, UK is selected. Thecompany deals in retail grocery business in United Kingdom. An analysis of organisation'sculture, politics and power influence on individual and team behaviour and performance is beingexplained in this report. As motivation is an important technique in order to motivate employeesof organisation and get goals achieved, so content and process theories of motivation andmotivational techniques has been discussed in this present report. The team is very important toachieve the goals of company so an effective team and ineffective team is being explained. Apartfrom this organisational concepts and philosophies is being explained in this project.TASK 1P1. Organisational culture, power and politics:Organisational culture:Organisational culture reflect the set of values, belief and attitudes among employeesworking in company. It describe the assumptions, underlying beliefs that contributes in the
psychological and unique social environment of a business(Blanco Ramírez, 2013). In thisconsidered organisation's experience, values, expectations etc. which guides an employee'sactions and performance at workplace and how they interact with external world. A David & CoLimited culture is based on the customs, attitudes, beliefs, vision, systems, norms, language,assumptions, symbols, values etc.Types of organisational culture:Handy's typology:This model is given by Charles Handy's in 1999. Handy's give four types oforganisational culture which is very effective for all types of organisations. There are as followsfour types culture:Power culture:In an organisation power is granted only to some people who take all theresponsibilities of business. If this culture possess in A David & Co Limited, then it may impacton behaviour of other people in negative way as employees have to listening their managersorders because they have not any other options. Power culture majorly affect the individuals andteam members works and behaviours. If managers effectively take this culture then its result inpositive and vice versa.Role culture:In an organisation, role culture is focused on the rules and responsibilities.In this culture manager assign the right job and role to the right employee. Employees are assignwork according to their specialisation. Role culture affect both team and individuals' behaviourand performance as per the nature of the role. With this type of culture at workplace employeesof A David & Co Limited well known about their works and roles, means what work they haveto perform in the company.Task culture:In an organisation, task culture is established when any problems andissues arise in the company and teams are formed for solving those problems or tasks. In ADavid & Co Limited, teams is formed with the effective skills, personalities, leadership style andknowledge of members for achieving the task successfully(Blanco Ramírez, 2013). This affectthe members' performance because if team members are good then they give their best and viesversa.Person culture:In power culture, employees are give importance to themselves morethen its organisation. They think that they are unique and superior to the organisation. Personculture majorly affects the employees in both positive and negative manner. A David Co Limited
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