[PDF] Civil Engineering Construction Technology

Added on - 17 Feb 2021

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Construction Technology
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................3TASK 1............................................................................................................................................3Differences between residential, commercial and industrial buildings..................................3Ways through which sustainability could be promoted in building projects.........................4Terminology used in construction technology.......................................................................5TASK 2............................................................................................................................................6Foundation type for different types of structures...................................................................6Construction of different types of foundations and their suitability for use with different typesof structures............................................................................................................................7Site information impact on foundation design.......................................................................8TASK 3............................................................................................................................................8Functional characteristics and the design selection criteria...................................................8Pre-design studies and types of information collected...........................................................9Component parts of an element allow it to fulfil its function.................................................9Compare different types of structural frame used to carry the primary and secondary elementsof the superstructure.............................................................................................................10TASK 4..........................................................................................................................................10Techniques used for remediating the site prior to construction commencing......................10Types of substructure works required for the infrastructures...............................................11Superstructure, substructure and civil engineering structures necessary for a given buildingconstruction project..............................................................................................................12TASK 5..........................................................................................................................................12Supply arrangements for primary services...........................................................................12Distribution arrangements for primary services...................................................................13Elements of the superstructure used to facilitate the primary services................................13Distribution of the primary services impact on the overall design of the building..............13CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................14REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................15
INTRODUCTIONConstruction technology can be defined as a technique which aid civil engineers inconstructing infrastructures with the help of different tools and techniques. In modern world, ithas been analysed that construction tools consists with ample number of software, hardware,materials, equipments and other special tools through which proper information can be gatheredand execution can take place of high infrastructures and so on (Sih, Carpinteri and Surace, 2013).There are different types of construction technologies that could be used in developingcommercial, domestic, industrial, heavy or civil building infrastructures.Present report is based on the case in which a proper conceptual design has been made fora complex business hotel building. This hotel is located nearby motorway which is directlylinked with Heathrow Airport. Client have decided that the infrastructure of the hotel should beof five storeys and needs to be build 1 Kilometre away from motorway. Report is going to beenclosed with differences between residential, commercial and industrial buildings, type ofinformation have also be included to design the most suitable foundation type for different typesof structures, functional characteristics of various elements, various sort of substructure worksthat are required for the infrastructures and lastly, description have also been given for supplyarrangements for primary services.TASK 1Differences between residential, commercial and industrial buildingsIn present context, it has been analysed that there are ample number of differences thatcan be seen among residential, commercial and industrial buildings and these are mentionedbelow:Residential BuildingsCommercial BuildingsIndustrial BuildingsThis type of building getsconstructed for a single familyor multifamily structuredbased building which is mainlyutilised primarily for living ofpeople and these consistsdifferent systems (Moteki,Under this, offices, differentshopping centres, departmentalor stores, various project basedcommercial buildings comesunder this sector. It is beingfound that these infrastructurescomes are primarily plannedIndustrial buildings have beendeveloped with a purpose ofmanufacturing items. Thesemajorly developed or madeaway from urban areas withspecialconveyancerequirements such as 24/73
Fujino and Nishiyama,2013).Apart from this, hotels, motels,apartments, lodging house, thatbasically consists of heatersand carries for cooling optionscomes under these type ofbuildings.and made to attract customersas these buildings aredeveloped for businesspurpose where individual canearn profit.shipping and receiving withthe help of different sorts oftransportation like air, rail andsea ways.Since hotel is going to be made nearby a motorway which is directly linked withHeathrow Airport. This is coming under both type of buildings and these are residential andcommercial.Ways through which sustainability could be promoted in building projectsIn building projects, sustainability plays a crucial role and it could be a desire for civilengineers because while developing a proper infrastructure, there are ample number of harmfuleffects can be seen which needs to be reduced considering sustainability. Here, it has been foundthat sustainability can be promoted among building projects through various ways:Start with energy efficient premises:It has been analysed that a building project mayemit heavy pollution. Therefore, it is required for the civil engineer to start with basictools that are coming under energy performance certificate (EPC). Here, rating could begiven in the form of A, B or C and with an A rating, a construction site is emitting reallyvery low pollution. Good quality raw material used in construction site could help inmaking hotel to sustain in front of cyclones, and other natural and artificial disasters(Marks and Teizer, 2013).Keeping equipment running as efficiently as possible:With the help of high qualityfuels and using renewable alternatives it basically ensures proper lubrication. Here, it isbeing analysed that choosing the right type of equipment for this hotel site needs is just asimportant to begin with.Taking care of construction waste:In order to promote sustainability in constructionprojects, it is required to keep focus on waste management because this plays a crucialrole and delivers largest contribution in developing healthy environment. In present time,most of civil engineers uses an approach of developing, using and then disposing which4
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