Contemporary Human Resource Management - PDF

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CONTEMPORARY PEOPLE MANAGEMENT1ROLEOFHRM/CPM CONTRIBUTIONINTHEHUMANHAPPINESSIn today’s fast pacing business world, corporations focus on generating a competitiveadvantage by implementing effective human resource management (HRM) policies. The top-level management in enterprises focuses on implementing effective contemporary peoplemanagement (CPM) strategy for ensuring that they fulfil employees’ requirements whichresulted in improving their performance. The human resource management focuses onmanaging the human capital in an enterprise by assessing their demands and fulfilling themin order to improve their productivity which assist enterprises in achieving corporateobjectives (Bolton and Houlihan, 2007). While implementing effective HRM/CPM strategies,organisations face a number of issues which negatively affect the performance of employeesand the company as a whole. Corporations face these issues due to factors such as diversity,equality, cultural factors, negative working environment, and others. The HRM strategiesalso focus on a number of ethical issues relating to workers in order to avoid ethicaldilemma at the workplace. The contemporary people management is referred to managingand organising of a group of people operating in the corporation. It is referred to a subset ofHRM; both of these factors face ethical issues relating to employees, rewards, recognition,health and safety, remuneration, and benefits (Bratton and Gold, 2017). This essay will focuson analysing the Utilitarian theory for evaluating the principles of ethics and understand itsrelationship with CPM/HRM. Utilitarianism is an ethical philosophy which provides thathappiness of a greater number of people is considered as a greater good. This essay willevaluate the relationship between happiness of employees and the role of HRM/CPM andhow they are related with each other.As per the basic principle of Utilitarianism, promotion of a large number of people’shappiness is the greater good, and it is the ethical goal of this theory. An action or activity isconsidered as ethical and proportionate if it resulted in promoting and maximising thebenefit of human beings. This theory was developed by Jeremy Bentham and John StuartMill from the late 18thand 19thcentury. The primary objective of the theory is to promotethe happiness of not just performers but others as well. This theory is different from manyother ethical theories because its primary goal is to maximise people’s utility. It providesthat people can perform any action that focuses on maximising utility even if the action is
CONTEMPORARY PEOPLE MANAGEMENT2taken with a wrong motive (Klikauer, 2012). Although utility is different by experts in variousways however it is generally considered as the wellbeing and happiness of human beings ororganisations. The actions which are taken by an individual for promoting happiness doesnot cause any pain or suffering. Furthermore, the theory is expanded by a number ofexperts who provided that quantitative terms are not the only way of measuring utility, butthere are qualitative terms as well. This theory provides that actions are judged based ontheir consequences or effects rather than their performance. The utility theory provides thatthe purpose of morality is to increase the number of good things while at the same time,reducing the number of bad things (Herzog, 2018). In this case, good things are referred aspleasure and happiness whereas the bad things are referred to unhappiness and pain.The Utilitarianism theory did not consider moral and ethical code, however, it focuses onfactors such as traditions, customs, religion and others. This theory depends on the resultsand consequences of actions. The theory judges rightness, wrongness, goodness or badnessof an action based on its effects and consequences of laws, actions, moral conduct, andpolicies which are implemented by an individual or enterprise (Gustafson, 2013). The mainbasis of this theory is the principle of taking actions which produce the best consequences.This theory is based on the “Happiness principle” which determines the morality of anaction based on the fact whether it promotes happiness and maximise the utility of humanbeings and organisations or it promotes unhappiness or pain. The principle did not focus onmorality or unethicalness of the action itself until it is promoting right consequences.Although the ‘Happiness principle’ is considered as good in many ways, however, there aremany flaws relating to this principle as well. The primary issue with this principle is that itdid not comply with the ethical system. It did not consider the effect of actions on thirdparties (Jones and Felps, 2013). The underline policies of this principle are to maximisehappiness and self-welfare even if the actions lead to negatively affecting others. Moreover,the happiness principle did not analyse the future impacts while measuring happiness andmorality. It also did not consider the laws which are developed and imposed by thegovernment Thus, the happiness principle of Utilitarianism is considered as one of the bestmoral theory however it has a number of issues and flows because it did not comply withethical principles.
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