Contemporary Issues in Tourism Assignment

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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Running Head: Contemporary issues in TourismTable of Content:Introduction...........................................................................................................................................2GlobalTourism Issues.......................................................................................................................................3Climate Change......................................................................................................................................3What the industry needs to do..........................................................................................................3Degradation of Destinations/Degradation of the biodiversity, ecosystems and landscapes.................4What can be done.............................................................................................................................5Disruption..............................................................................................................................................5Preventive Measures the industry can take......................................................................................5Conclusion.............................................................................................................................................6References:............................................................................................................................................7Contemporaryissues in TourismGlobal Issues affecting tourism
Global issues affecting tourismP a g e|1IntroductionTravel and tourism is touted to be a key sector for the economic development and job creation. Inthe year 2016, travel and tourism directly contributed around US$2.3 trillion and offered 109 millionjobs worldwide, this is equal to 10.2% of the World’s GDP and approximately 1 out of 10 jobs.Despite growth in travel and tourism industry, there are a lot of issues clouding the industry. In thereport we will be discussing on some of these issues (Mahrous & Hassan, 2016). For the purpose ofthe report the issues identified for analysis are:Climate ChangeDestination DegradationDisruption
Global issues affecting tourismP a g e|2Global Tourism IssuesClimate ChangeClimate change has a great impact on travel and tourism, exposure to climate related risks such asfloods, crop failure, and rise in the sea level can have a huge impact on the valuation of tourismproperty and the infrastructure. In a recent report from UNESCO, it is been pointed that there are 31major attractions being under the risk due to climate change, it is pointed that these 31 attractionsare in danger due to melting glaciers, intense weather events, bad droughts, longer wildlife seasons,rising seas and increase in temperature. Coastal destinations are one of the largest components ofglobal tourism; they are at risk due to rising sea level, floods, hurricanes, storms and acidificationdue to climate change. The destination of winter sport is also getting hugely affected bydeterioration of snow conditions. The main risk to business comes from different demands of theconsumer and the viability of operations, at the same time travellers increasingly opt for differentdestinations, thus leaving some tourism infrastructure at previously popular location unused assets(Freitas, 2017)The future of the sector will move to darkness, if alternate sources of energy or clean energy are notfound for aviation, the media scrutiny will increase if people believe that the tourism industry is notlooking for cleaner sources of energy. Hence it is the need of the hour to reduce the harmfulemissions on the ground and other harmful environmental and social effects. The ownership is onthe land transport and hotels as well to step up and mitigate the risk to the over tourism sector .The Paris agreement which came into force the last year setting up a road for low carbon emission isa step towards a positive change. It is also put forward that the increase in temperature has to fallbelow 2 degree Celsius. The authorities have asked all the concerned organization and the countriesto report on their carbon emission and their implementation efforts (Leon & Arana, 2016)What the industry needs to doThere are certain businesses and organizations which are ahead of the race by setting up ofambitious targets based on the science of climate, green financing, internalising carbon pricing andengaging in climate policy developments. A program which is set up by WWF, aims to supportbusiness in adopting emissions reduction targets which are aligned to science and the climaterequirements. The industry has to be a part of such organizations to damask the effect of carbonemissions (Rogerson, 2016)
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