Important Principles of Health Promotion: Assignment

Added on - 20 Sep 2019

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ContentsBackground..................................................................................................................................................2Identifying Health Needs.............................................................................................................................3Prioritizing the health needs........................................................................................................................5Education as a Priority need....................................................................................................................6Aims and Objectives....................................................................................................................................9Health promotion activities.........................................................................................................................9Action Plan................................................................................................................................................10Communication with patients...............................................................................................................10Training of physicians:...........................................................................................................................10References.................................................................................................................................................131
BackgroundThe process of providing knowledge and enabling people to control and improve their health isknown as Health promotion. This is the approach to bring a social change in the society andhelps in resolving the health problems.The World Health Organizationintroducedsevenimportantprinciples of health promotionandthose principles areas follows: World Health Organization Principles of Health PromotionFirst initiative or principle isan Empowerment, Health promotionthat helps to enable peopleand communityto assume more powersfor the various factorsthat affecting the health such aspersonal, socioeconomic and environmental factors.Secondly,Participative Health promotionprinciples involve in the engagement of people inplanning, implementation and evaluation. A holistic Health promotion initiative helpsinimproving healthphysically,mentally,sociallyandspiritually. Inter-sectoral Health promotioninitiatives arethe initiative taken by the collective involvementof agencies from relevant sectors.Equitable Health promotion initiativestake place to show a concernfor equity and social justice.Sustainable Health promotionis helpingindividuals and communitiesinmaintaininginitialfunding. Multi-strategy Health promotion initiativesis a step thatuses a variety ofwaysincombination with one another.The variety of approaches are likepolicy development,organizational change, community development, education and communication.Looking at allthe initiatives themotive of health promotion is toencouragepositive health andprotectingpeople fromill health.Moreover, health promotionplaysakey roleinestablishingpreventivehealth measures such as screening and immunization[ CITATION Kum12 \l 1033 ].2
For the promotion and the improvement of the health of people, there is a strategic frameworkhas been developed by the organization which has one objective is to promote the health andremove the inequalities. The health promotion, strategic framework sets many objectives andthese all objectives are clear, consistent and accurate in nature and they are focusing more on thehealth of the promotion. This framework is not only focused on the activity is to be done by theorganization, but also pays attention on how to assess and analyze the needs of people by doingresearch on the target market where they live, work and play, these all are considered as thesettings of the health promotion.Identifying Health NeedsIt is very imperative to identify the needs of human being and there are many theories andstudies are applied to identify the needs. It is very common thing that every human being hasneeds and their needs are changing with the time. The very popular theory is used to identify theneeds developed by the Maslow. Maslow introduced hierarchy of five needs.Title, year(give a hyperlink to the study)Methodology(primary/secondary, qualitative /quantitative)Approach to needsassessmentFindings(=the health needs)1.Re-building Bridges: HomelessPeoples Views on theRole of Vocational and EducationalActivities inTheir Everyday LivesPlease read articlesAccess to housingIncomeEducation2.homeless healthcare:raising the standardsPlease read articlesAccess to housingMental health problemHealth needs of realte to drugdependence,alochol3
3.Wellbeing for homeless people: aSalutogenicapproachPlease read articlesPovertyAccess to housingEmploymentFinancial supportMental and physical needsThenanalysethese needs byapplyingthehealth needs theoriesof Maslow,Seedhouse, Doyal and Gough 1991.Maslow Theory of identifying needs- Maslow’s hierarchy needs to contain five levels. The lowermost level is physiological needs which are the most basic needs, including food, shelter,clothing. The next level is the safety needs which include security of the job, security of body,security of resources, etc. next is the belongingness needs which include family, affection,friendship etc. the level rises up to esteem needs which includes confidence, self esteem,achievement, respect. The last level is the self actualization needs which include creativity,acceptance of facts, etc. In order to move properly in the hierarchy, one must satisfy the basicneeds and only then the self actualization needs are fulfilled.To analyze the health needs there are 3 research articles will be discussed that are helpful inidentifying the needs and prioritize the needs of homeless young people.Article 1- The author in the article “Rebuilding Bridges: Homeless People’s Views on theRole of Vocational and Educational Activities in Their Everyday Lives “ explains that theHomeless people are facing many problems in their routine work of marginalization. As a result4
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