Domestic Violence and Abuse on Women in Coventry : Report
Added on - 19 Sep 2019
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ContentsIntroductionCharacteristics of the communityHealth status of the communityLocal factors affecting healthCurrent provisionSociogramsCommunity views on their health needs and servicesLocal/ national prioritiesStakeholders/ partnershipsAction planConclusionappendixreferences
IntroductionIn this report, will focus on domestic violence and abuse on women in Coventry and it will beindicating the health inequalities by looking at the Marmot Review ‘fair society, Healthylives’ and report the progress to the Health and Wellbeing board. It will likewise focus on theCoventry JSNA 2012 to look at the needs and working with communities using an assetbased approach to empower good health and wellbeing and address the wider determinants ofhealth using again the asset based approach. Coventry JSNA (2012) says in 2015 to 2016,there were 5,972 domestic violence offences reported to the police.38,575 women inCoventry are likely to experience domestic violence in their lifetime (women voices, 2011).Furthermore, this report will concentrate on the healthy communities, both the physical andsocial characteristics that are needed to promote health, wellbeing and marmot policyobjectives to create and develop healthy and sustainable places and communities and thefactors of infrastructure through social capital.
Domestic violenceThe government’s definition is ‘any incident or threatening behaviour, violence or abuse informs of psychological, physical, sexual, financial and emotional between adults who are orhave been intimate partners or family members, regardless of gender or sexuality’. WHO(2016) cites that the United Nations defines violence against women as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or mental harm orsuffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation ofliberty, whether occurring in public or in private life."From a personal stand point, Iviewdomestic violence from a feminist perspective that women are oppressed by men, meninherently seek to dominate and exploit women,patriarchy is the ultimate cause of all theabuse against women.Marmot Review (2010) notes that domestic violence is rife in thelifetimes of low income women and is a central determinant of their mental and physicalwellness.Globally domestic violence and abuse (including sexual violence andFGM) causesmore death and disability than cancer, malaria(World Health Organization 1997), Over halfof victims telephone a friend or family member about the maltreatment they are suffering.Asian / Muslim women face additional cultural barriers that prevent them from seeking helpsuch as fear of dishonoring family, shame, stigma, taboo and being rejected by thecommunity. Also, women in these communities are expected to suffer in silence. So, whenthey ask for help from family, friends and religious leaders, they are usually advised to bepatient and / or pray for their situation to change. They are also usually blamed for anyproblem within the family including the violence and abuse they are subjected to. This fearof blame can also prevent women from coming forward and getting the help they need.Domestic violence is therefore under reported in Asian / Muslim communities. For somewomen, it is too late to ask for help and are being murdered by their husbands or other familymembers as seen in several cases featured in the media. There is also anecdotal evidence thatsome women are being taken abroad to India, Pakistan and Bangladesh on the pretense of afamily holiday so they can be murdered there to cover up the crime.
Characteristics of the communityABCD Approach is a procedure where it emphasis on community assets and skills, abilitiesand talents rather than problems and demands. It is a strategy directed towards sustainable,economic development that is community-driven, by using an ABCD approach enablescommunities to build on what assets they should gain what they need and makeimprovements to their community, thereby improve individual and community level healthand well-being. A Coventry Haven for women who suffers / survivors of domestic violence,they expect at their assets and what they can provide for the victims in their system beforethey look for assistance from outside. Kretzmannm and McKnight (1993) states thatphysicalassets such as land, buildings, greenspace and other funds are assets that can be used they areall valuable resources. The assets of these institutions help the community capture valuableresources and establish a sense of civil responsibilities. It identifies and mobilizes individualand community assets, skills, experiences and passions e.g. Everyone has assets and talentsregardless of their status as victims, some might be professionals with different jobs and theyhave more skills and are being able to help the community. Individual gifts and assets need tobe recognized and identified. In community development, you cannot manage anything withpeople’s demands, only their assets. Deficits or needs are entirely useful to institutions(Kretzmann and McKnight, 2010) Small informal groups of people, such as women's clubs,religious belief groups. By empowerment approach, it serves the victims to identify their owndemands and worries and gain the power, skills and confidence to play upon them. It is abottom-up strategy which calls for us as health promoters to work as a facilitator and catalystfor change (WHO, 1998).Coventry Asset Based working 2015-2016 sets out ways to improve health and quality lifefor local citizens, while making the city globally connected and attractive to business andinvestors. It recognises the limitations of public services that encourage dependency andworking culture that supports and enables people to find solutions to their problems. ABCDis a set of values and principles which to supports individuals’ health and well-being throughself- esteem, coping strategies, resilience skills, relationships, friendships, knowledge andpersonal resources (Foot and Hopkins, 2010).ABCD Approach, health models e.g. empowerment approach, modelsCommunity theories