Counselling techniques and processes

Added on - 17 Dec 2019

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TABLE OF CONTENTSTASK 1............................................................................................................................................12...................................................................................................................................................13...................................................................................................................................................14...................................................................................................................................................15...................................................................................................................................................26...................................................................................................................................................37...................................................................................................................................................38...................................................................................................................................................4TASK 2............................................................................................................................................4TASK 3............................................................................................................................................5Part A: Counselling techniques and processes............................................................................5Part B: Areas for improvement in the counselling approach......................................................6REFERENCES................................................................................................................................8
TASK 12.An ultimate aim of a counsellor in a therapeutic process is to assist the clients tounderstand their own personal being. A very critical role is played by the counsellor, and hence,he should be able to reflect a genuine concern as well as empathy for the dilemma being faced byclient. At the first instance, role of a good listener shall be played by him/her and followed bywhich a communication of her/his understanding shall be made to the client. The primeresponsibility of counsellor is to encourage the client to reach to a solution or direct him/her to asuitable solution in order to resolve the dilemma or issue. Hence, this role can be characterized asan enabler instead of a fixer (Client and Therapist Responsibilities,2011). The client on the otherhand is required to explain or narrate his side of issues and enable counsellor to understand thecrux of issues. In pursuance with the same, client is required to be honest with his words andresponses to all the questions are asked by the counsellor.3.A counsellor is required to face a varied range of clients, each having different form ofmental capacity and understanding. Every case is exclusive of the other and hence, demands agreat level of involvement by the counsellor. Some of the common forms of issues which arefaced in a counselling practice are dishonesty from the end of client. It is often observed thatpeople are forced to take counselling, especially in the case of domestic violence and drugsintake. In such cases, the clients themselves are not willing to recover and hence, are dishonest inthe counselling (Clarkson & Cavicchia, 2013). There are other cases wherein, though the clienthas approached willingly, he/she do not feel comfortable in disclosing certain information whichmay have relevance in the situation being dealt with. Strong resistance from the end of client isanother issue which is faced by the counsellor.4.In the counselling practice, a counsellor can come across the following client issues:Child Protection Issues: Often the counsellor deal with cases in relation to child abuse.An increased number of parents have now observed to be involved in child abuse, whichcan be in the form of negligence, emotional abuse and so on. Rationale behind the samehas been deduced to increased stress and frustration level.1
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