Counselling Theories.

Added on - 23 Sep 2019

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COUNSELLING THEORIESCase studyNameSubmitted toDate
Counselling Theories1ContentsIntroduction......................................................................................................................................2Discussion........................................................................................................................................3STAGES OF THERAPY.................................................................................................................3EARLY: The opening phase....................................................................................................3MIDDLE: The development of transference...........................................................................3LATE: Working through transference.....................................................................................4FINAL: The resolution of transference...................................................................................4CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOANALYTIC STRATEGIES......................................................5UNIQUE EPISODES OF SELF-CHANGE............................................................................5INTROSPECTION AND SELF-UNDERSTANDING..........................................................6EFFECTS OF PLAY IN PSYCHOANALYTIC THERAPY.................................................6VALIDATION OF THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PROCESS..................................................6WRITTEN FACILITATION OF FREE ASSOCIATION......................................................7LIMITATION OF THIS APPROACH.......................................................................................7References........................................................................................................................................9
Counselling Theories2IntroductionPsychoanalytic therapy is treatment on the basis of the Sigmund Freud Theory. Sigmund Freud isconsidered as the forefather of psychology the founder of psychoanalysis. The psychoanalytictherapy is useful in exploring how the thoughts and behavior of an individual are influenced byunconscious mind and further aims to offer an insight as well as a resolution towards the personseeking therapy.The Psychoanalytic therapy usually identifies with the early childhood experiences for predictinghow these event can influence the life of an individual or can contribute to the current concerns.This therapy is usually of a long-term choice and might be able to continue for various months,weeks, and even years on the basis of the concern and its gravity. This therapy differs fromvarious other types as it is highly aims towards making deep-seated changes in the emotional aswell as personality development.(Bucci, W., 1997).The most general step towards this therapy is to spend time listening to their patients and learnabout their lives. This is one of the reason the method is known as “the talking cure”. Thetherapist take into consideration the various patterns in order to identify the reason behind thecurrent difficulties of the client. It has been believed by the childhood events as well as theirunconscious feelings, motivation, thoughts play a vital role in themaladaptive behaviors and themental illness. The other techniques being used by the psychoanalytic therapy include theexploration of the transference, observing defenses, free association and patient’s feeling etc. likeinterpretation of his dreams.The psychoanalytic therapy fails to account for the external as well as societal forces. Thereforethe psychoanalytic constructs should be intertwined with various structures therapies so as thepsychoanalytic therapy to have more depth. This can be done by combining it withpsychodynamic and cogitative-behavioral approaches. For example the Rational EmotiveBehavioral Therapy (REBT) can be combined with the therapy for allowing the client to dealwith their emotions. Therefore it is the method to fit other psychotherapeutic and counselingapproaches, along with this therapy so that it can adapt to various cultures. (Firestone, 2002; Toriand Blimes 2002,).
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