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Counselling Theories: A Comprehensive Guide

   

Added on  2019-09-23

10 Pages2847 Words404 Views
COUNSELLING THEORIESCase studyNameSubmitted toDate

Counselling Theories 1ContentsIntroduction......................................................................................................................................2Discussion........................................................................................................................................3STAGES OF THERAPY.................................................................................................................3EARLY: The opening phase....................................................................................................3MIDDLE: The development of transference...........................................................................3LATE: Working through transference.....................................................................................4FINAL: The resolution of transference...................................................................................4CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOANALYTIC STRATEGIES......................................................5UNIQUE EPISODES OF SELF-CHANGE............................................................................5INTROSPECTION AND SELF-UNDERSTANDING..........................................................6EFFECTS OF PLAY IN PSYCHOANALYTIC THERAPY.................................................6VALIDATION OF THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PROCESS..................................................6WRITTEN FACILITATION OF FREE ASSOCIATION......................................................7LIMITATION OF THIS APPROACH.......................................................................................7References........................................................................................................................................9

Counselling Theories 2IntroductionPsychoanalytic therapy is treatment on the basis of the Sigmund Freud Theory. Sigmund Freud isconsidered as the forefather of psychology the founder of psychoanalysis. The psychoanalytic therapy is useful in exploring how the thoughts and behavior of an individual are influenced by unconscious mind and further aims to offer an insight as well as a resolution towards the person seeking therapy.The Psychoanalytic therapy usually identifies with the early childhood experiences for predictinghow these event can influence the life of an individual or can contribute to the current concerns. This therapy is usually of a long-term choice and might be able to continue for various months, weeks, and even years on the basis of the concern and its gravity. This therapy differs from various other types as it is highly aims towards making deep-seated changes in the emotional as well as personality development. (Bucci, W., 1997). The most general step towards this therapy is to spend time listening to their patients and learn about their lives. This is one of the reason the method is known as “the talking cure”. The therapist take into consideration the various patterns in order to identify the reason behind the current difficulties of the client. It has been believed by the childhood events as well as their unconscious feelings, motivation, thoughts play a vital role in the maladaptive behaviors and the mental illness. The other techniques being used by the psychoanalytic therapy include the exploration of the transference, observing defenses, free association and patient’s feeling etc. likeinterpretation of his dreams.The psychoanalytic therapy fails to account for the external as well as societal forces. Therefore the psychoanalytic constructs should be intertwined with various structures therapies so as the psychoanalytic therapy to have more depth. This can be done by combining it with psychodynamic and cogitative-behavioral approaches. For example the Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) can be combined with the therapy for allowing the client to deal with their emotions. Therefore it is the method to fit other psychotherapeutic and counseling approaches, along with this therapy so that it can adapt to various cultures. (Firestone, 2002; Toriand Blimes 2002,).

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