Criminal and Youth Justice Assignment

Added on - Oct 2020

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Criminal and Youth Justice -The legal Framework
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................11.1 Analysis on roles and functions of British court system.......................................................1TASK 2............................................................................................................................................22.1 Analysis of the comparison between sentences of Magistrates and Crown Courts..............22.2 Evaluation of the effectiveness of three types of sentences..................................................22.3 Current sentencing tariff.......................................................................................................32.4 Comparison between youth and adult sentencing options....................................................4TASK 3............................................................................................................................................53.1 Analysing various legislations..............................................................................................53.2 Evaluation of the impact of various legislations on individuals and communities...............6CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................6REFERENCES................................................................................................................................7
INTRODUCTIONCriminal and youth justice is a system which consists of various processes and provisionswhich are developed in order to protect the interest of public and of victims. In this projectreport, roles and functions of courts in British system are analysed along with evaluating thevariations between sentences of Magistrates and Crown courts. The concept of sentencing isexplained in detail in this report along with its current tariffs and effectiveness. The main aim ofthis project is to compare laws related to young culprits and adult convicts. Various laws andlegislations are discussed in this report along with their impacts on individuals and communitieswith the support of case study.TASK 11.1 Analysis on roles and functions of British court systemAccording to British system, courts typically include an authorised individual who hasgranted the potency to make judgements according to the disputes and claims. British courtsystem has categorised the courts into six different authorities based on their level of structurewhich are subordinate tribunals, country, sheriff, high, the appeal and Supreme Court. All thesestructures has few roles and functions which are considered as their root of justice. Threeprimary roles of these courts and tribunals are to bring openness in all the disputes. Solicitors areneeded to be fair in their issued judgements and judges should be impartial so that no party canbe favoured (Browning and Caulfield, 2011).Functions of these courts are to evaluate the disputes and issue orders accordingly. Themost primary and significant function of these tribunals is to follow all rules and regulations ofBritish law. Supreme Court is the jurisdictional authority which is considered as the court of finalappeal. This authority issues judgements which are final and mandatory to be followed. Theyhear appeals of every party and are highly concerned with the arguable points of the law relatedwith general public importance. Another role of tribunals is to work under a proper legalstructure in order to follow all the legislative rules and regulations. According to the British legalsystem, these courts functions to settle disputes and punish law breakers according to applied law(Crawford and Newburn, 2013).1
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