Critical Analysis using CASP Tool Report

Added on - 01 Apr 2020

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Running head: CRITICAL ANALYSIS USING CASP TOOLCRITICAL ANALYSIS USING CASP TOOLName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor note
CRITICAL ANALYSIS USING CASP TOOL1Table of ContentsIntroduction..........................................................................................................................2Search strategy.....................................................................................................................3Literature review..................................................................................................................4Critical appraisal (using CASP tool)...................................................................................7Section A (determination of validity of the result)..........................................................7Section B (about the results)..........................................................................................10Section C (local application of the result).....................................................................11Conclusion.........................................................................................................................12References for literature review.........................................................................................14References..........................................................................................................................15
CRITICAL ANALYSIS USING CASP TOOL2IntroductionNocturnal awakening and frequent crying is one of the major problems parents had tosuffer while taking care of their children. The episodes of bedtime problems and sleepless nightsaffects nearly 20 to 30 % of infants and toddlers worldwide. Initially parents are unaware ofthese problems of their children however, when the problems persists, they become intolerantand distraught (Honaker and Meltzer 2014). This severe problem of infants often persists untilthey grow up. The deleterious effect of nocturnal crying and night awakening in children aremood swings, attention discrepancy, poor mental and social development and aggression. Theproblems affects the mental growth of child and the quality of life is compromised (Hysing et al.2014).Due to these problems, there is a need for finding strategies or interventions of thesechildren issues. In a research of Rickert and Johnson (1988), they found an intervention ofnocturnal crying and night awakening. The intervention was scheduled awakening that was usedas an effective strategy to reduce and slow but sure elimination of crying and awakeningepisodes in infants and toddlers. The research mainly evaluated the effectiveness of scheduledawakening by comparing it with systematic ignoring procedure. The scheduled awakeningprocedure is an intervention of waking up and consoling a kid at least 15 to 30 minutes beforenocturnal crying and awakening to assist them in sleep consolidation. Another group, having no-treatment was included to analyze the maturation in sleep pattern.This report critically analyzes the research done by Rickert and Johnson (1988), andcompares it with four recent literature on the same issue to evaluate whether such intervention
CRITICAL ANALYSIS USING CASP TOOL3are useful in treating children issues or not. Therefore, the decision of funding depends on thecritical analysis by the means of a relevant CASP tool.Search strategyThere is a need to review recent research literatures, which are related to nocturnal cryingand night awakening to analyze the effectiveness of scheduled awakening. It is important to findout whether same strategies or some other interventions have been used to address this problem.The strategies to search other research articles related to this topic are:The main strategy to find research articles related to this topic was to includethose articles that has been published between 2012 and 2017.Second criteria was to include articles which are peer reviewed journal articleswritten in English and must cover the strategies to manage nocturnal awakeningin kids.Databases used to search relevant and recent research articles were Cochrane,PubMed, CINAHL and Google Scholar.Key terms used to search articles were ‘ interventions for nocturnal awakeningand crying’, ‘interventions for nocturnal awakening in children’, ‘crying episodesin infants’, ‘strategies for night awakening and nocturnal crying in infants andtoddlers’.These inclusion and exclusion criteria and key search terms helped to search recentreview articles and evaluate different current interventions to treat these issues in children.
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