Critical Disability Theory or CDT

Added on -2020-02-18

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CRITICAL DISABILITY THEORY
IntroductionCritical disability theory or CDT is an important theoretical framework, widely use for study andthe analysis of the disabilities (Robinson, 2017). “Max Horkheimer”- is a popular name who firstoutlined the “critical social theory” which is now commonly known as “critical disabilitytheory”. Critical disability theory tends to shed light over the issues related with “disability”,though this theory not only considers the physical impairment or disability of an individual, but italso addresses psychological, neurological and/ or biomechanical affliction of a human being(Flynn, 2017). According to the contemporary epoch, critical disability theory has beenconsidered as beneficial framework as it has the tendency to shed light over the societalcondition of a disable people. With the advancement of time and livelihood, the ethnicity, socialperception, level of acceptance of a person is also changing drastically; though, till now oursociety does not accept a disable person in a normal way (Garland-Thomson, 2017). Due to thesocial barrier, negligence, public humiliation, a disable person does not get enough opportunityto fulfil their basic human rights. Critical disability theory is outlined based on the social modelof the disability. This model states that, “disability is just a simple and temporary physical andpsychological impairment of a human being; but it does not indicate that the person has nocapability to integrate in his community as a normal human being” (Australian Human RightsCommission).Apart from the social perception towards the disability, this critical disability theory alsoincludes social Jurisprudence or the legal policies for the disability. It also includes medicalmodel for disability, which tends to consider “disability” as a kind of functional limitation of anindividual. This essay is important as it can provide a brief and elaborate idea about the disability and aboutthe critical disability theory to the reader. This essay includes two case studies of Chelsie Hilland Sana, which shows that, disability does not have the potentiality to shatter one’s dream. So,in that context, it can be said that the society needs more awareness towards the disable person,so that they can utilise their basic rights like education, professional opportunities and so onwithout any discrimination or humiliation (Goodley, 2017).
Discussion “Critical Disability theory” is originally derived from the “critical theory of society” outlined byMark Horkheimer in the year of 1937. This theory sheds light over the disability or impairmentas it is compare with the norms of the liberalism and values with the actualization in the regularlivelihood of a disable human being (Hiranandani, 2015). This theory generally consists ofseveral elements or models like the social model of the disability, medical model,multidimensionality, social and legal rights for disability, valuing diversity and transformativepolitics.Social model of disability:According to the social model of disability, it can be stated that, disability is not an inevitableconsequence of the impairment for an individual, but society constructs a complexinterrelationship within the disability, individual perspective towards the disability and thesocietal environment (Hosking, 2008). This complex interrelationship and the negativeperspective of society towards the disability are considered as the main barrier for an impairedperson for leading a normal livelihood. Due to these obstacles, the person cannot get basiceducation, professional opportunities, safety and security from his community or from thesociety (Manago, Davis & Goar, 2017). Moreover, being a disabled person, he cannot get chanceto take part in social or communal performance and even he is not considered as a normal humanbeing in his own community. This fundamental social discrimination or dissuasion can be easilyexplained by considering the case study of Sana. Sana is a 12 years girl who lives in Yarraman(http://www1.uwindsor.ca/criticalsocialwork). She was fond of singing and wanted to be ateacher. But one day she met with a serious accident which damaged her leg. Due to thisaccident, she had no option but using a wheelchair for movement. Due to her disability, shefaced a lot of mortification, abuse and obstacles from the society. People used to discourage her,and no school in her society was ready to accept her as a student which as a result restricted herfrom getting basic education. So, in accordance to this case study, it can be concluded that, the
Society has the necessity of developing proper awareness and responsiveness towards the disableperson by which the society or community can accept or consider an impaired person in normalway (Naraian & Schlessinger, 2017). More formally it can be said that, according to the socialdisability model, every person whether she is disable or not, has the fundamental right to getpreliminary education, social safety and security for living a normal livelihood. Social model of disability is a “universalist” conception which states that “disability” or“impairment” is a universally physical or psychological consequences and every personthroughout this world is disable or impaired at some point of time in their livelihood (Oliver,2017). So, “disability” cannot be a term or condition for discriminating a person from a diversepopulation. So, in the context of “social model of disability”, society or the diverse population ofa community needs drastic transformation in their conception and outlook about the “disability”and for the “disable person”, so that a disable person in his extensive livelihood can be accepted

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