Cryopreservation Programme - Assignment

Added on - 20 Feb 2021

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THE IMPORTANCE OF SUCCESSFULCRYOPRESERVATIONPROGRAMME WHEN DOING SINGLEEMBRYO TRANSFER
ABSTRACTThis assignment had focused on importance of successful cryopreservation programmewhen doing single embryo transfer. From this assignment it has been summarized thatCryopreservation is one of the advancing ART techniques which helps in increasing pregnancychances and to preserve embryos in case of any critical medical conditions. EmbryoCryopreservation is one of the most important part of vitro fertilisation program which helps inincreasing additional chances of pregnancy. To maintain positive and favourable pregnancy rateembryo selection is done which helps in maintaining favourable pregnancy rate. eSAT hashelped in reducing multiple gestation rate and has helped in increasing singleton pregnancywithout compromising its success rate.
TABLE OF CONTENTSABSTRACT.....................................................................................................................................2INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1MAIN BODY...................................................................................................................................1Elective embryo transfer (eSET) vs Single embryo transfer......................................................1Cryopreservation of embryo following IVF/ICSI........................................................................3Role of successful cryopreservation preservation to eSET..........................................................5CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................7REFERENCES................................................................................................................................8
INTRODUCTIONAssisted reproductive technology (ART) is defined as the use of technology andassistance for resolving fertility issues and to help people in achieving pregnancy. One of themost common procedure of ART includes in vitro fertilisation (IVF), cryopreservation ofembryos, intra cytoplasmic sperm injection and fertility medication. In ART eggs from womenare mixed with sperm for developing embryos which is again put in the body of women(Liebermann & et.al., 2017). However, there are several complications associated with ARTsuch as multiple pregnancy due to more than one embryo transfer. Multiple pregnancy leads tohigher risk of neonatal and maternal complications along with the post-partum haemorrhage,hypertension and increased risk of preterm delivery.ART is expensive and time-consuming and thus multiple pregnancy can also increase thefinancial burden affecting health of mother as well as neonate. The serious complications mayalso include lower birth weight, premature labour, miscarriage and long term disability inneonates. Hence, individuals and health professionals are encouraging techniques such aselective and single embryo transfer so that ART risk can be minimised. Cryopreservation is oneof the advancing ART techniques increasing pregnancy chances and to preserve embryos incritical medical conditions(Roudebush & et.al., 2017). The report will discuss the varioustechniques for embryo transfer and how cryopreservation can assist individuals to achieveparenthood.MAIN BODYElective embryo transfer (eSET) vs Single embryo transferIt is assumed that for eliminating the clinical complication associated with multiplepregnancies it is better to transfer only single embryo during ART. However, the multipleembryo transfer also enhances the probability of getting successful pregnancy but the adversecomplications of multiple embryo transfer cannot be denied(Niinimäki, Veleva & Martikainen,2015). One of the most effective solution for enhancing the pregnancy rates with minimum riskfactor for multiple pregnancy is elective single embryo transfer (eSET). In this process apotential and single embryo is identified so that it can be transferred into uterus. The otherhealthy embryos are freezes or stored using cryopreservation so that they can be used in thefuture.1
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