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Running Head: Cultural ArtifactsCULTURAL ARTIFACTS
CULTURAL ARTIFACTS1Cultural ArtifactsTwo cultural artifacts that has been selected for the assignment, comprises of TheBust ofNefertiti and The Egyptian Calendar.The Bust of NefertitiNefertiti’s Bust is stucco coated and painted limestone bust of the Royal Wife of AncientEgyptian Pharaoh named Akhenaten. This artwork is supposed to crafted back in 1345 BC, bythe royal sculptor named Thutmose, as it was discovered on the floor of an excavated workshopin Amarna, Egypt. This piece of artwork is amongst the most copied works from the ancientEgypt. Taking into account the work Nefertiti have become an ideal for the feminine beauty andone of the famous women from the ancient world (Nefertiti's Bust. 2017).Figure 1: Nefertiti Bust (Caitloon.com. 2017)
CULTURAL ARTIFACTS2This bust is on rank one amidst the works of art in the Egypt, because of the outstandingprotection of the color and modeling of the face. This bust was found in the year 1912 in theexcavation of Amarna city. The personalized face and superior crown, tall and flat topped alongwith a ribbon and is the identity of the Nefertiti’s statue. The artwork is made from limestonecovered by modeled gypsum. The eye of the statue is inlayed by a crystal and pupil has beenattached with black color wax, but inlay of the second eye was never carried out (e.V., V. 2017).The Egyptian Calendar -Egyptian Calendar has been invented around 5000 years ago.Fundamentally this ancient calendar was based upon the lunar cycle having 12 months, and havebeen divided in the three seasons having four months each in order to accord with increase anddecrease in the water of Nile. This ancient calendar was known by the name of “Annus Vagus”meaning wandering year.Figure 2: Ancient Egyptian Calendar (Contributions & Legacy. 2017).
CULTURAL ARTIFACTS3Astrologers in the ancient Egypt studied stars which helped them in forecasting different seasonssuch as floods and sowing of seeds, which was critical for the prosperity of the Egypt. In theEgyptian Sky the brightest star was Sirius and it used to disappear for time duration of 70 daysand then used to reappear on the horizon of the East on 19thJuly which was in accord with floodsin Nile and therefore this date was the Ancient Egyptian New Year (Egyptian calendar | datingsystem. 2017).Common ThemeThe common theme in the two artifacts is “Religion, Gods and Mythology”. In Ancient Egyptpeople used to take Pharaoh’s as Gods who are ruling on earth thus, made their statues andsculptors in order to make them immortal, till the end of time. The Bust of Nefertiti is one suchexample of the theme, as she was co-regent and wife to the Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh namedAkhenaten. Similarly Egyptian Calendar was also utilized in order to keep track of duration ofreign of the Pharaoh’s back then (What Were the Themes of Egyptian Art?2017).Though, people in the Ancient Egypt never have an exact word for “art” but admired beauty.Therefore people in ancient times created architecture, statues, murals and variety of other craft.Numerous works of arts from Egypt are still present in the contemporary world, due to the robustmaterials like clay and stones and hot air of the deserts have been able to preserve those arts.Majority of the works of arts have been found in the tombs of Pharaohs, Queens and othernobility. The Bust of Nefertiti have been found in excavation site Amarna in the year 1912,whereas traces of The Egyptian Calendar have been found in the very first Dynasty of thePharaoh