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Assignment on National Culture (pdf)

Added on - 20 Jul 2021

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Culture
The term culture includes social conduct and shared standards in human social order like laws,
abilities, values, beliefs and behavior of people of the particular society. Also, Culture regards
manifestation of collective human intellectual, to be more precise it is a way of life of people of a
particular society. It has both intrinsic and extrinsic value.
National Culturerefers to a shared system of norms, behaviors, beliefs, and customs by the
people of a society. National Culture deals with cultural history, characteristic like ethnicity,
religion and language of a nation. National Culture serves as a source of affecting organizational
culture like decision making, leadership style, HR Practices, managerial function and motivation.
Organizational Culturerefers to a bunch of inner qualities and practices in an association. This
collection of values, expectations and practices are set guide for team members of a particular
organization. Also, Organization Culture serves as a source of helping guide for making
decisions, how individuals shout interact and how work should be done.
Difference Between National and Organization Culture(Difference Between
Organizational And National Culture Business Essay, 2021)
National Culture contrast for the most part at the degree of qualities, while Organizational
Culture vary for the most part at the level of the shallower practices. Through the lens of
Hofstede dimension, organizational culture could be different from national culture of the
country.
National CultureOrganizational Culture
National Cultural Values have unconditional
relationship
Organizational Values have conditional
relationship
People of a society are completely immersed
into National Culture
Employees of organization are partially
immersed into organizational culture
It is broader and more complexIt is narrow and manageable
Inhabitants of a country are born into national
culture
Organizational employees are socialized into
Organizational Culture
National Culture is acquired at early life so
difficult to change
It is acquired at conscious level so easy to
make changes
China’s cultural characteristics impacting Business Environment
Confucianism has impacted the Chinese business culture heavily in broader context. therefore,
the Confucian idea of Guanxi means that a network of relationship is vital and dependent on the
upsides of fortitude, faithfulness, humility and civility.Among the fundamentalbusiness
culture’s principles Ethics has been integral part of decision making. Since Power Distance is
dominant so people are respected on the basis of their title and seniority.Chinese people never
criticize employees publicly yet direct questioning in China is very much common.Chinese
believe in the supremacy of having strong relationship with key stakeholders before closing any
deal, so one may has to meet Chinese personnel frequently for a business deal. Also,
maintenance of composure during the meeting is essential.(Lihua, 2021)
Cultural Comparison betweenChina and Germanyby using Hofstede’s 6-D
Model(Country Comparison - Hofstede Insights, 2021)
Power Distancemeans all inhabitants of a country are not equal. This dimension depicts
the cultural attitude towards society’s inequalities. At a Score of 80, China believes in
pluralistic inequalities and there is no as such defensive system to cope with power abuse
and it is common notion that Chinese people should not have aspirations beyond their
rank. While Germany at a Score of 20 does not believe in the polarized subordinate-
superior relationship.
Individualismmeans the extent of interdependence a society preserves among its
individuals. At a score of 20 China sits in the lowest ranks of individualistic society and a
highly collectivist culture is prevalent in China. People believe in the supremacy of acting
in the interest of faction rather than an individual self. While Germen at a score of ranks
higher in individualism.
Masculinity, At a score of 66 China tends to be a very Masculine society where standing
out from the crowd is admirable, society runs on the principles of success, achievement
and competition. And same for Germany as well.
Uncertainty Avoidancemeans a society is driven by the principle that future cannot be
known and there is always something ambiguous and unknown situation. China sits in
lowest rank by having a score of 30 while Germany has a higher score on uncertainty
avoidance. Chinese people are comfortable with ambiguity.
Long Term Orientationmeans a cultural society keeps links with its past to cope with
future/ present challenges by prioritizing these two different goals separately. China has a
very pragmatic culture. They people tend to think that roots of truth lies in situation, on
context and time. Also, a score of 87 reflects that Chinese have the ability to adapt
culture/ tradition easily.
Indulgencedefines as the degree to which an individual endeavor to control his wishes
and impulses. A low score of 24 shows that China is a culturally restrained society and it
has the capacity to cynicism and pessimism. Chinese people do not put much time on
leisure while germen people are bit more open towards desires.
Japan’s cultural characteristics impacting Business Environment
Japan is considered to be more relationship oriented yet they think silence is paramount. The
Japanese nation could make effectiveness gains through generally unassuming changes. The way
of life of work in Japan is unnecessarily progressive, decision-making is moderate and
consensual, adaptable working is uncommon. There is a higher possibility of advantageous
interaction between various separate Japanese organizations that structure commonly useful
connections and rally together against outsider business entities.(Donnelly, 2021)
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