(PDF) Depression in Childhood and Adolescence

Added on - 26 Nov 2019

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CBT1Introduction:Depression is one of of the common reason among the adolescent which needs treatment.Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is the widely used physiothearphy which is used in treatingthe young and the adolescents suffering from depressions.A suicidal attempt is the peak causeof deaths in adolescents today and these numbers are increasing day by day. Suicide is one of theforemost reasons for death all over the world in adolescents. It has a major effect on the comfortof the person, reasons of momentous death and mental diseases and has the same effect on theirfamily members, society, and health of their parents.Stress, majorly forms an interpersonalconflict and primarily triggers the depressive episode or the suicidal disaster in the predisposedyouths.To prevent these cases number of different methods has been adopted which deals withthe suicide ideation but the most effective method is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.CBT treatment of depression:Suicide is the third reasons for the deaths in youths. The main reasons for the suicidal attempts inthe adolescents are a depressive disorder.Here it has been found that Cognitive BehaviouralTherapy can beneficial in improving the health and prospective of teens, it also improvesskills tohandle theirproblem and competitionin life. All of which have been mentioned are the problemsusually is with persons whohave suicidalideas. It has been believed that hopelessness is numbercause for depression and needs treatment. Meanwhile, there are many treatments available fortreatment but CBT has been proven the best because it deals with the roots in the sucidialfeelings that were the problems has been started.
CBT2The study discussed was intended to assess the effectiveness of CBT in declining in the depthssuicida lideation and hopelessness in the young depressed adolescents who had a positivecomplete history of earlier suicidal attempt in the precedent months(Cakovic, 2008).. In a study,it has been seen that when the patients have been treated through CBT then an effective decreasein the graph of suicides so it has proved to be the suitable for sucidial cases. In 2011 to 2012youth of age 12 to 18 years were admitted to the hospitiles after the sucide attempt whot tried inlast 3 months from the different parts of the country and there parents reported that there childwas under depression rom a perticular period of time(Cakovic, 2008). The CBT teratment wasstarted with a randomized selection process. In this individulas from different parts of thecountry were selected on the bases of the seriousness of the sucidial attempt. In the firsttreatment, there were 107 youngstres which were between the age of 13 to 18 years and the hasto be treated with the major depressive disorder(Cakovic, 2008).. They were divided into 3different groups nad has to pass through three treatment phases which are as follows: First isCBT for the individual, second is systematic behaviour family therapy and last is Individualnondirective supportive therapy(Hides et.al, 2010). Each treatment consists of 12 to 16 phaseswhich last for 10 to 16 weeks. There are aloso a special 2 to 4 sessions. Participents who werediagonsed through CBT shows lower MMD as compared to the non directive supportive tharepy.It was recorded that there is 30 percent decrease in the suicide case after the individuals who hadpassed through different sessions. So what was that which helps to reduce sucidial cases, it isnothing but to improve the ideation and thinking capability of the company. A second treatmentwas conducted where 206 depressed college students, Same randomized proceses were takeninto use for selecting the individuals(Hides et.al, 2010). For the 12 weeks only to treatment werefollowed one is same CBT for individual and second isSerotonin Reuptake Inhibitor, in this
CBT3different symptoms were recorded which are recorded throughobservingthoughts, ideation(Nelson & Duncan, 2015)..A list was made after the following treatment; this list was future base for the comparison for thedecrease in the suicide cases(Carmin, 2012).The inventory contains the name, their personaldetails, the reason for the suicide attempt and seriousness of the reason which compels him orher to attempt a suicide. It was recorded that uncontrollable depression. It is the almost the samereasons for the suicidal attempt and depression is due to many different causes from individual toindividual. One most common cause is the hopelessness(Carmin, 2012).There are nostatistic major differences in all of the above mention tools which measure thechance of depression.The age distribution of the groups was not so different on which the reportwas made. This means that these two groups were same and equivalent and the experimentaldifferences after the involvement can be attributed(Bowers, 2002). Since there had beendifferent studies which had proved the congitive behavioural therapy most effective, which helpsto remove the deep reason for the suicidal ideation. After the complete CBT treatment theindividuals vere felt very motivated and a life time opportunity for living(Kathryn McHugh,2010). Females were at the top of the list as they come out of the weared situation of the lifewhich became the reason for the sucide(Nelson & Duncan, 2015)..The scores which arementioned in the control group after 3 months did not change significantly in all of them, but thescores in all of these lists decreased considerably in these group Some limitations of CBT(Kathryn McHugh, 2010).According, to the CBT report, the problems with the youth are lack ofmotivation in the individual because of different. So a suitable way in the treatment was found sothat a feeling of inspiration should be filled which was the first step in one of the phase. Resultsof the cognitive behaviour therapy were outstanding because of the decrease in the rate of the
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