Development of Attachment and Sociability Research

Added on - 22 Jul 2020

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Psychology
INTRODUCTIONThe following report will aim to provide an understanding of theories and evidence of thedevelopment of attachment and sociability in infants and children. In this context, the boardgame for toddler has been selected which is Yo Ho Berry. The game is specifically designed fortoddlers up to 3 years. The definition of term attachment and sociability will be discussed in theassignment and with the help of several studies, methods used in attachment and development ofattachment bonds will be described. Eventually evaluation of the study will be made in thisassignment.TASK 11.1 and 2.1 Defining attachment and sociabilityAttachmentAttachment refers to strong and long lasting bond between a baby and his or hercaregiver. Secure attachment develops in response to consistent and sensitive love and care in thefirst months. In order to develop feelings of love and affection in infants, it is crucial for his orher parents or caregiver to provide effective and efficient care to them (Holmes, 2014). Thequality of the infant-parent attachment is a powerful predictor of a child's later social andemotional outcome. By definition, a normally developing child will develop an attachmentrelationship with any caregiver who provides regular physical and/or emotional care, regardlessof the quality of that care (Clifford, 2017). Child can develop a type of behaviour according tothe care he or she has been provided with. In order to develop cognitive, behaviour skills andsociability in infant, it is important for parents or care giver to give him precise kind of care.SociabilitySociability refers to the quality of being social. Sociability in infants can be seen throughthe interaction and communication they made with parents, their friends or care giver. Sociabilitydescribes the extent to which other find interaction with an infant enjoyable and enticing. Inorder to eliminate isolation in children, it is important for parents and caregivers to interact withinfants and communicate with them so that their social skills can be develop (Flores and Porges,2017). Social skills are very important for children as it helps them to share their thoughts,beliefs and values with others and it will further aim to improve their social skills effectively andefficiently. Sociability can be enhance in infants if parents and caregivers play games with them,1
increase their knowledge through interactive board games and improve their communicationskills by interacting with other infants.TASK 2The title of the game is “Yo Ho Berry”. It is an interactive game which is specificallydesigned for children under age 3 year. This game comes with the game board, baskets that areinserted into the game board, a spinner, and the individual pieces plastic of fruit. Each personwill take turns spinning the spinner and adding the specified number of berries (or other fruit) totheir basket. The questions will be asked to the parents of infants who have been provided withthis game. Analysis of their responses will be segregated into three parts and these questions willrelates to the theories and studies conducted by psychologists.1.3 Methods used in attachment researchQuestion 1: Does the behaviour of child will change if they were kept away from biologicalmothers?Answer:The question was based on Harlow Attachment theory where he separated a rhesusmonkey from his biological mother within 6 to 12 hours before born to analyse what will happento his behaviour (Sroufe, 2016). In this regard, the researcher has asked to parents of infantswhether behaviour of child will change if they separated from them. Parents said that theirbehaviour will surely change if they never interact with their child.Question 2: What changes can be seen in the behaviour of infant after being separated fromparents?Answer:After being separated from parents, infants can react differently according to the carethey have been provided with. If they have provided with harsh care, they will get anxious andfurious on problematic situations. If they have been provided care with love and affection, theywill have calm and serene behaviour.Question 3: If your child has been taken from you just after born, does he or she will stillconsider you as mother or parent?Answer:The question is based on experiment conducted by Lorenz in 1935 where he took awayeggs of geese before hatching (Shaver, 2017). He wants to acquire the information aboutconsequences of imprinting both for short term or long term survival. In this context, the parentssaid that their child would not consider them as parents. Once imprinting has occurred it cannotbe reverse.2
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