Diabetes Nursing Assignment

Added on - 01 May 2020

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The mission of WHO is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health.PROPOSAL TENDERGRANT TITLE:WHO - EXPLORATORY STUDIES IN THE SOCIALCONSTRUCTION OF CHRONIC DISEASES AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FORPRACTICE, POLICY, HEALTH PROMOTION AND/OR LIVING WITH THESECONDITIONS.PROJECT TITLE:NAME OF APPLICANT:STUDY LOCATION:DURATION OF STUDY:DEADLINE FOR PROPOSALS:OPEN ROLLLING DEADLINESAPPLICATION (ESSAY) LENGTH:2,500 wordsThe ostensible goal of this assignment is to simulate (in an admittedly artificial way) thepractical and processual dimensions of designing a qualitative, health research project.Youare to devise a project that will effectively exploreperceptions of type two diabetes mellitusand draw extensively on the research you have done (ie. focus group) and the central themeor themes that emerged from your analysis of this preliminary study.It is essential that youread more widely and reference this material in your report—you will be penalised if youhave limited your sources to those provided. The journals Social Science & Medicine,Critical Public Health, Health Sociology Review, Medical Anthropology Quarterly, HealthPolicy and Third World Quarterly (most of the issues are available online) have manyarticles on a wide range of issues pertaining to diabetes and are an excellent place to startsearching
INTRODUCTIONTitleThe title of proposal is “Study of lifestyle factors to risk for type 2 diabetes”IntroductionIn Australia, type 2 diabetes is very common and it is largely associated withlifestyle factors. According to National Health Survey, around 1.2 million people arediagnosed with diabetes and in 2014-15; about 85% cases were reported of type 2diabetes (Haynes et al. 2015). It is increasing at an alarming rate among the youngadults due to various dietary and lifestyle factors. Poor diet, insufficient physicalactivity and inability to maintain normal body weight are some of the common riskfactors for the progression of type 2 diabetes. However, surprisingly, type 2diabetes is becoming an epidemic among the young adults aged 18-35 years ofage. Various factors play a role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes amongyoung adults. Lifestyle factors are related to dietary intake like low intake of fibres,glycemic carbohydrates and high amount of intake of saturated fatty acidsincreases the risk for diabetes. According to Lee et al. (2013), overweight peopletend to lead a sedentary lifestyle that results in lack of physical exercise and highfat dietary intake. Another study by Grantham et al. (2013) showed that high BMIand fat distribution can result in inactive lifestyle increasing the risk for type 2diabetes. These disturbances result in insulin resistance and glucose metabolismthat make an individual susceptible to type 2 diabetes along with risk forcardiovascular diseases.Although, many studies are conducted regarding the study of dietary andlifestyle factors and increased risk for type 2 diabetes, there are few studiesconducted to study the reasons behind the increased prevalence of type 2 diabetesamong young adults in Australia. Moreover, at present, few papers studied thelifestyle factors that contributed to the risk for type 2 diabetes in young adults.Therefore, research is required that help to know the lifestyle factors that contributeto risk for type 2 diabetes among young adults so that proper interventions can bedeveloped for the prevention. By knowing these factors, it would be helpful toreduce the incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes among young adults inAustralia.Study aimThe aim of the research is to study the lifestyle and associated dietaryfactors among young adults in Australia that increase the risk for type 2 diabetes.The barriers would also be explored that would be helpful in developinginterventions and recommendations aiding in prevention of type 2 diabetes amongyoung adults.The contribution of this research study is that it would be helpful indeveloping interventions based on identified barriers in Australian setting that wouldreduce the high incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes.Study objectiveTo assess the knowledge and perceptions of young adults about type 2diabetesTo explore their daily lifestyle and meal intakeTo explore the level of physical exercise in their daily routineTo explore the level of stress they experience in their daily lifeTo identify the barriers that prevent them from maintaining a healthy lifestyle
Research questionWhat are the main lifestyle factors among the young adults that contribute to risk fortype 2 diabetes in Australia and identification of barriers that prevent young adultsto maintain healthy lifestyle.Research design and rationaleThe study design for the research would be focused-group study wheregroup sessions would help to determine the lifestyle factors that increase the riskfor type 2 diabetes. When focus-grouped study is conducted, it is helpful incollecting large volume of data in a short time. The data that would be collectedthrough the interview would be helpful in targeting the research topic. The focusgroup study would be helpful for this research as it help to provide access todiversity of experiences and data on the research question and topic.CULTURAL CONTEXT OR SETTINGCultural settingThe cultural setting of this topic is in South Australia as statistics shows thatthis region has highest type 2 diabetes prevalence being a silent pandemic disease.Cultural or social factors also play an important role in the prevalence of diabetesamong the population. Apart from exercise and diet, for the prevention andmanagement of type 2 diabetes, cultural and social background study is alsoimportant that predispose people to a particular risk (Wilson and Renzaho 2015).According to Harding et al. (2014), people have no prior diabetes knowledge untilthey are diagnosed with the disease with high health illiteracy. For the betterprevention of diabetes among young adults, it is important to make people aware ofthis disease condition and associated risk factors contributing to diabetes.There is mixed population in Australia with migrants and indigenous peopleso there are different culinary and way of cooking is also different. For example, oilis considered a luxury item among Burmese living in Australia and they consumemainly deep-fried food that increases the risk for overweight leading to risk for type2 diabetes. Moreover, in Australia, diabetes is considered a stigma and so manypeople do not want to recognize themselves as diseased with the condition.Language also acts as barrier that prevents them to seek treatment or help formgeneral practitioners, as they do not speak English language (Slocum andSaldanha 2016).Australia is having slightly high obesity population and consumes highcalorie foods. Australians consume high amount of junk food and processed snacksthat increases average energy uptake up to 35%. Among this calorie intake,children and young adults consume 41% of this total energy that is contributing topoor nutrition. The eating habits in Australia is poor as people intake less than 7%of vegetable intake as compared to 54% recommended intake of fruits andvegetables. Meat is preferred over plants that also contribute to obese conditions.The above statistics shows that current Australian eating habits is not proper andthat is contributing to obese and overweight conditions results in increased risk fortype 2 diabetes (Rose et al. 2017).Ethical approval
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