Development of Theory Assignment PDF

Added on - 28 Dec 2019

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Introduction to the Research Process
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................................................1Difference between quantitative and qualitative research........................................................................1Identify the type and purpose of the research..........................................................................................2EVALUATION...........................................................................................................................................2Contribution of the study towards development of theory and practice...................................................2Other question that can be asked in chosen area......................................................................................3ANALYSIS.................................................................................................................................................4Methodology used in the research...........................................................................................................4Evaluating the validity and reliability of research....................................................................................5Assessing the ethical concern of research................................................................................................5CONCLUSION...........................................................................................................................................5REFERENCES............................................................................................................................................7
INTRODUCTIONDifference between quantitative and qualitative researchResearch or investigation is a systematic process of evaluating and examining a selectedproblem or issue thoroughly. There are two types of investigation that can be conducted by aresearcher such as quantitative and qualitative research. In the former, researcher aims atgathering numerical data, figures and values that can be converted into meaningful statistics. It isespecially used to quantify the opinion, variables, thoughts and attitude of the participants inorder to find out uncover facts and patterns (Mackey and Gass, 2015). On the other side,qualitative investigation is regarded as an exploratory study that is incorporated to gain an in-depth understanding of people’s opinion so as to address the formulated research questionseffectively. Both the research techniques are distinguished from each other in following terms,presented below:Qualitative researchQuantitative researchThis techniques uses focus-group, observation,interviews, Group discussion and otherunstructured techniques (Flick, 2015)Surveys (field, online and mobile), structuredobservation, face to face interviews, onlinepolls and othersIt follows inductive research designIt prefer deductive design to create hypothesisIt is a subjective area of investigation thatdescribes chosen problem in detailIt is more objective, in which, researcherobserved facts through interpreting numericaldata gathered (Flick, 2015).Unstructured/semi-structuredHighly structuredValidity and reliability is greatly depends upon theresearcher quality and skills (Mikkonen and et.al.,2016,pp. 173-187).Validity and reliability highly depends uponthe instrument used for investigating gathereddataNo statistical tools are usedStatistical tools such as SPSS and others areused to interpret gathered information (Hesse-Biber, 2016, pp. 6-9).It is greatly used by interpretivist scholars whoconsider that reality is relative and multiple.Positivist researchers prefer quantitative study whobelieves world as an external objective regardlessinvestigator’s own belief and perspective(Cowling, 2016,pp. 45-58). Auguste Comte is1
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