Impact of Supply of Natural Gas on the Adoption of Renewable Energy in the UK

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RUNNING HEAD: The Impact of the supply of natural gas on the adoption of renewable energy in the UK1The Impact of the supply of natural gas on the adoption of renewable energy in the UKSubmitted by:
Dissertation2ContentsChapter 1: Introduction....................................................................................................................41.1 Introduction............................................................................................................................41.2 Research Background............................................................................................................41.3 Rationale of the Research......................................................................................................51.4 Problem Statement.................................................................................................................51.5 Research Aims and objectives...............................................................................................6Research aims:..........................................................................................................................6Research Objectives:................................................................................................................6Chapter 2 Literature Review........................................................................................................7Introduction..............................................................................................................................7Natural gas supply landscape.......................................................................................................8Overview of UK energy mix........................................................................................................8Onshore wind generation...........................................................................................................10Renewable energy provision in the UK.....................................................................................11Challenges and Future Outlook..................................................................................................11Chapter 3: Research Methodology................................................................................................123.1 Introduction..........................................................................................................................123.2 Research Philosophy............................................................................................................133.3 Research Strategy.................................................................................................................143.4 Research Methods................................................................................................................143.5 Reliability and validity.....................................................................................................143.6 Research Ethics....................................................................................................................153.7 Research Limitation.............................................................................................................15
Dissertation33.8 Summary..............................................................................................................................16Chapter 4 Data analysis.................................................................................................................16Present and Anticipated Worldwide Market for Energy............................................................20Effect on the Economy...............................................................................................................21A. Increment in Occupations.....................................................................................................21B. Lower Customer Cost............................................................................................................21C. All inclusive Access to energy..............................................................................................22Chapter 5 Discussion.....................................................................................................................23Chapter 6 Recommendations and Conclusion...............................................................................27References......................................................................................................................................29Appendix........................................................................................................................................35Reflective log.............................................................................................................................35
Dissertation4Chapter 1: Introduction1.1 IntroductionEnergy is necessary part to an individual’s life. It is impossible for an individual to survivewithout it. One of The key sources of energy is fossil fuels. Few of the most dominant fossilsfuel an oil, coal and natural gas (Boyle, 2004). As per the report, the world producedapproximately 130 quadrillion in 1997. It is expected in the coming years that the production offossil fuel however affect the future generation, (Foxon, Gross, Chase, Howes, Arnal. andAnderson, 2005). An increase in the restricted amount of fossil fuels starts to diminish. This isnot possible to provide the amount of energy required by the world for using fossil fuels tochange energy. There are plethoras of ways to change energy devoid of fossil fuels. Countriesare taking action to endorse a greater use of renewable energy resources like geothermal energyor nuclear power. These resources are carried out in a well prepared way in order to providesupplies of fossil fuels (Mitchell and Connor, 2004). The low cost of converting naturalresources into energy resources is creating another issue. Future generation will face issues dueto limited natural resource (McKendry, 2002). There is restricted amount of oil, coal, andnatural gas that the earth can hold. These resources can only be used for a limited period of time.An increase in the consumption of the natural resources is putting a high level of pressure on theenvironment. This will possibly increase the consumption trend and will possibly result in theinternational economic crisis. Prices will simply increase due to the changing economic model ofsupply and demand (Devine-Wright, 2005; Demirbas, 2005). Fossil fuel demand has increasedin the last 30 years. It is due to the growing trend that is seen in the energy produced by the 3fossil fuel. At present, the economies are dependent on fossil fuels to meet their needs. Theenergy resources are used to give an effective response to insatiable desire. The purpose ofnatural resources is to meet the demand of the people. 80 percent of global energy arises fromburning fossil fuels. At the current consumption rate, it is difficult to replenish the naturalresources for the future generation (Tyagi and Lo, 2013).1.2 Research BackgroundThe (over)consumption of non-renewable resources is linked to the discharge of greenhousegases and pollution. These are considered to be the major factors behind the global warning andclimatic change. The energy consumption in Ireland amounted to 89% in 2013. As per the report
Dissertation5presented by Department of Energy and Climatic Change, UK will be able to catch up with thetarget of 15 percent by 2020 through renewable resources. As per the Research, ‘bottom-up’analysis, tested with industry, that there is noteworthy upside potential as well as downside threatto consumption. Moreover, there are around 8 technologies competent of delivering 90% of therenewable energy by 2020(Perry, Klemeš and Bulatov, 2008).1.3 Rationale of the1 ResearchThe underlying principle is related to the research in the given section of the introduction chapteraims to provide with reasonable research study. The rationale provides with a set of reasons thatoffer researchers to find out information related to a particular topic. In the context of theresearch study, the research aims to understand the Impact of supply of natural gas on theadoption of renewable energy in the UK. The renewable energy has become a well-establishednecessity important for the energy development and management. The study critically evaluatesthe factors that affect the supply of renewable energy resources and consumer behavior in large.The accessible pipeline of large-scale projects is well-built, and permitting significant dropoutrates, to put on an addition of 29 GW of operational capacity by 2020. It is helping in introducingthe world’s first incentive for renewable heat, delivering 124,000 renewable heat installations by2020. In addition the road transport biofuels make up over 3 percent volume of all road transportfuel. Subject to this, government will make appropriate arrangements regarding the changes thatare taking place in the procurement of energy resources (Upreti and van der Horst, 2004; Dincer,2000).1.4 Problem StatementThe problem statement provides with a brief description of the required topic to be concentratedon by acquire noteworthy information. In the context of the research study, it focuses on thecosts and the supply chain. There will be serious challenges in technicalities and the cost ofcapital with an increase in the risk. The cross-cutting barriers to operation for renewable energytechnologies are applied to specific technologies, in order to address the issue in order to achievethe aim (Scarpa and Willis, 2010). As per the report in The Guardian, Renewable Energyamounted to 30 percent of the total UK power consumption in between April to June. Thechanging pattern in the energy consumption is considered to be revolutionary. Consumers arenow realizing the importance of renewable resources necessary for managing the needs
Dissertation6pertaining of natural resources. In order to address the above mentioned issue, the problemstatement can be stated as,Whether the adoption of renewable energy in the UK Focus onaspects such production, costing price levels, consumers willingness to switch or not?1.5 Research Aims and objectivesThe research paper and aim are important part of the overall study. It acts as a guiding path forthe researcher.The paper primarily focus on the Impact of supply of natural gas on the adoptionof renewable energy in the UK and Focus on aspects such as production, costing, price levels,consumers willingness to switch. The purpose is to focus on the changes in the environment andconsider entity actions depend upon an individual behavior.Research aims:The primary aim of the study is to find out the utilization of renewable energy resources andconsumption pattern in UK. These results are important and steady in finding the changes in thestudy related to the management of energy and resource pattern in order to manage the resourcesin the most appropriate way. This will however help in managing the resources in the mostappropriate way by indulging into an effective market pattern in UK (Wang, et al 2009).Research Objectives:In order to achieve the primary objective of the research study, the researcher requires addressingthe following objectives to gain an effective study.To examine the theorythat examines the supply of natural gas in The UK. Moreover, itfocuses to be persuaded in a positive direction in order to take requisite actions (Grubb,Butler and Twomey, 2006).To study the pattern seen in the economy in the recent years. This is not only necessary tomanage the ongoing economy pattern in order to realize the changes that are taking placein the supply of renewable source of energy.To analyse the critical difference while undertaking the behavior of the critical mass. It isimportant for managing the resources in the most effective way by allocating theresources in the most appropriate way (Twidell and Weir, 2015).
Dissertation7Chapter 2 Literature ReviewIntroductionAs per the data co1llected, from the mid-1990s the total contribution of renewable energy to the electricitygenerated in the United Kingdom, has been adding to a small hydroelectricity generatingcapacity. In total, the renewable source of energy contributes 14.9% of the electricity producedin the United Kingdom in 2013 and reaching 53.7 TWh of electricity generated. As of 2ndquarter 2017, renewable generated 29.8% of the UK's electricity. Near about a third of all UKelectricity he second three months was derived from renewable sources. These facts have helpedin setting a new record for the clean energy deployment. Wind energy, solar energy and otherform of energy source as an effective source of energy resources. They form to be one of theimportant sources of energy resource. 29.8 percent of the total amount of electricity is generatedin the last quarter of 2017 against 26.9 percent of energy generated in the first quarter.Renewable sources are one of the important sources of energy generation in UK. This depicts anincrease in the wind capacity and wind speeds increasing the overall capacity. This is importantfrom the point of view of generating energy. It depicts the effective procedure and growth takingplace in the energy sector. Onshore wind generation has increased by 50 per cent due to animprovement in high-end technology. It is known as a widest source of energy generation in thecountry. The offshore wind energy is increased by 22 percent (Sinden, 2007). The energyproduced from biodegradable waste was up 30 per cent due to the increased capacity. As per thedata, the Total renewable electricity capacity was 38 GW by the end of June. There is a 13percent increase on a year. Over half of the energy is generated from the onshore wind andaround one quarter from photovoltaics. It is incredible to see a significant change in around athird of the UK’s electricity that is generated through the renewable source of energy. Theoverall target is to reduce the total contribution to meet the UK’s 15 Percent target reduction intotal energy consumption by 2020. The figures are been increasing contributing towards theoverall growth of the renewable source of energy. The reason behind the rising interest inrenewable energy has grown due to the EU target to reduce the carbon emission (Burnett, et al2014). The total electricity power generation gained through Renewable Obligation Certificatescheme (ROCs) and Feed in tariffs (FITs) and by the renewable heat. In the past, hydroelectric
Dissertation8schemes were known to be the largest source of renewable source of energy (Quaschning, 2016).These energy resources are now surpassed by wind energy.Natural gas supply landscapeIt is certain that the 20pc of the country’s electricity generating capacity will be reduced in thecoming decade. The demand for power is forecasted to be double now and 2050. UK isproducing 15pc of energy by the renewable source of energy. They are dedicated to de-carbonize electricity production by 2030.The North Sea oil and gas boom is on the wane, and theUK has been a net importer of fuel since 2004.Politicians and energy providers are questioningthe future of the energy needs without reneging on environmental commitments or slowing theeconomic growth. The drastic change in the energy consumption is completely different.. Whileconsidering all the factors, it is evident to manage the different factors related to the productionand distribution of energy resources. This is important for the purpose of gaining competenciesby organizing energy resources in the most valuable way. The sector is proactively creatingmultifold opportunity in order to gain an organized growth. This is effective from the point ofview of gaining sustainable results for the purpose of gaining longevity. These energy resourcesare important from the point of view of gaining effectiveness. It is necessary for developingeffectiveness while focusing on generating energy (Daly, et al 2015).Overview of UK energy mixThe major change related to the energy consumption is changing due to a shift in theconsumption of the energy resources. In 1970, UK had 57 million tonnes of oil equivalent in coaland manufactured fuels. The void in relation to the use of coal is largely filled by the use ofnatural gas and, to a lesser extent, amplifies in electricity usage.
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