The Police Force in Hong Kong | Report

Added on - Oct 2019

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Running Head: Dissertation ThesisResearch Report: Investigate factors affectingthe effectiveness of police performance inHong Kong
Dissertation ThesisAbstractThis research report reflects the results of a study that has been undertaken on thevarious factors influencing the performance of the police force in Hong Kong. The policeforce is one of the key authorities that have been entrusted with the duty of providingprotection and safety to the society against any criminal or antisocial activities. However,there are various advantages and disadvantages of working as a policeman in the civilsociety. This is because there are various adverse forces in the society and community that actas barriers or hindrances to the normal functioning of the police force. The research hasendeavoured to find out these major influences that act as deterrents to the seamlessfunctioning of the police force in Hong Kong. The methodology of the study consisted of aliterature review procedure that delved into various sources of information such as authenticwebsites, journals, reports, etc. for gathering essential information which the analysis of thestudy was based upon. The study also included a primary research process that wasundertaken on 100 policemen in different districts and localities of Hong Kong. They wereadministered with interview questionnaires such that qualitative information can be collectedfrom them on the various challenges they face in their professions on a daily basis. Finally,the findings of the literature review were compared with that of the qualitative interviewresults and the existing research gaps have been identified. Based on the conclusions of thestudy, the plausible recommendations have been offered to the police force personnel suchthat they can offer even better social security and protection to the people by trying tomitigate the major challenging factors that might prevent them from performing as per theircapabilities and expectations of the public.1
Dissertation ThesisAcknowledgementsI hereby acknowledge that the said research thesis is solely my own creation and hasnot been copied or abridged from any other source. I would like to thank my professors,colleagues, family members and the Hong Kong police force for their assistance in thisproject. It would not have been possible for me to undertake the research and finish itsuccessfully, without their extensive support and encouragement.2
Dissertation ThesisTable of ContentsAbstract......................................................................................................................................1Acknowledgements....................................................................................................................2Chapter One- Introduction.........................................................................................................5The Problem...........................................................................................................................5the functions of police personnel...........................................................................................5Rationale of the study.............................................................................................................6Significance of the study........................................................................................................7Objectives of the study...........................................................................................................7Chapter Two- Literature Review...............................................................................................8Introduction............................................................................................................................8Research questions...............................................................................................................16Chapter Three- Methodology...................................................................................................17Research Approach..............................................................................................................17Data collection methods.......................................................................................................18Qualitative data collection................................................................................................18Quantitative data collection..............................................................................................19sample..................................................................................................................................20research instrument..............................................................................................................21Data analysis methods..........................................................................................................23limitations.............................................................................................................................243
Dissertation ThesisChapter Four- Findings............................................................................................................25Qualitative Research Findings:............................................................................................25Quantitative Research Findings:..........................................................................................28Chapter Five- Discussion.........................................................................................................43Chapter Six- Conclusions.........................................................................................................46Reference..................................................................................................................................494
Dissertation ThesisChapter One- IntroductionTHE PROBLEMThe problem that the said research addressed encompassed the various factors thatinfluenced the effectiveness of the performance of the police force in Hong Kong. The mainpurpose behind the development of the police force by the government is to ensure there issocial law and order within the society[ CITATION Jes15 \l 16393 ].The police force isentrusted with the responsibility of tackling various situations within the society such ascrimes, violence, acts of theft, burglary, terrorist activities, sexual harassment against womenand a host of other activities. The traffic police are in charge of establishing law and orderrelated to the flow of traffic within the city such that there are no unnecessary traffic jams andaccidents due to the non-observance of driving rules and guidelines. But, on many occasionsthe policemen and policewomen are not able to perform their duties effectively because ofvarious factors such as lack of proper infrastructure, management, scarcity of modernequipment and political biases. The police personnel are trained and developed with the oathto dedicate their lives to the welfare and protection of the society at all costs. But, on variousoccasions they are not able to stay true to their promises. Some of these factors are inducedby the social and political system of the country while the others depend on the personalethics and honesty of the police personnel[ CITATION TAN10 \l 16393 ].THE FUNCTIONS OF POLICE PERSONNELThe Hong Kong police can be considered as the gatekeepers of the entire criminaljustice infrastructure and they are also the main commanding agents in the domain ofensuring social stability, performing restoration of order and controlling the various problemsin the society[ CITATION Kam10 \l 16393 ].They are also entrusted with the powers related5
Dissertation Thesisto criminal law by the government and they are also empowered to play the role of crimefighters such that they are able to successfully suppress the various criminal activities. Thepolice personnel are also empowered to enforce the various laws and protocols related to thecompliance[ CITATION Ang121 \l 16393 ].They have the power to stop and search anyperson if they suspect something illegal. They can question any person regarding any act ofoffence or crime and undertake a thorough search on any person that they suspect to beassociated with an anti-social or illegal act. According to Section 49 of Public Orderordinance, any police personnel from the Hong Kong police department might ask a person tofurnish his or her identity proof for the purpose of inspection. If that person is not able toproduce the required ID proofs, then the police have the authority to impose a fine of around$10,000 or recommend an imprisonment of that person for a minimum period of 6 months.Thus, the primary function of the Hong Kong police force is to maintain law and order in thecountry and play the role of a peacekeeper in the society and intervene in any situation thatmight pose threat to the safety, security and sustainability of the society[ CITATION Law18 \l 16393 ].RATIONALE OF THE STUDYThe rationale behind conducting the research study has been to understand the roleplayed by the Hong Kong police force in protecting the social law and order of the nationover the years. It is necessary to understand that the reason that the common people are safeand secure today inside and outside their homes is due to the pivotal role played by the policepersonnel in tackling various challenges and ensuring that they offer their ethics, dedicationand sincerity in upkeep of the overall social security and stability. But, there are manyoccasions where the police personnel have displayed inefficiency to successfully deal with6
Dissertation Thesisvarious cases of crime or other forms of violence in the society. The research has beenundertaken in order to delve deeper into these loopholes that have made the job of the policeunsatisfactory at times. The identification of the problem areas would help the policedepartment and the government of Hong Kong in devising quick and prudent strategies suchthat the police personnel are adequately backed up and supported with the necessaryrequirements that could be strategic power or material equipment such as modern weaponsand ammunition to curb the occurrence of various unlawful activities.SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDYThis research study has been executed for examining the roles played by the policepersonnel of the Hong Kong police department in ensuring the observance of law and orderin the society. In course of the research study, it was observed that there are many situationswhere the police personnel have not been able to showcase or demonstrate their expectedlevel of competence. This is because of various factors that restrict them on many cases fromplaying the expected role in solving the case by identifying and arresting the convicts as perthe rules and regulations pertaining to the penal codes. These factors are in the form of lackof adequate leadership and management on certain occasions, scarcity of modern state-of-the-art equipment and technology to fight criminal and terrorists that use highly advancedcategories of weapons and ammunition. Often the police personnel are not able to take thenecessary actions due to the pressure of various political parties. Hence, the research has beenconducted with the intent of revealing the major challenges that act as barriers to thefunctioning of the police units within the country along with the various positive outcomesthat the society has gained from the presence of the police force.OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDYThe research has the following objectives that it endeavoured to achieve:7
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