Solved: coit 20246 assignment submission

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DO NOT delete the marking criteria page– changes are permitted to theformatting of other pages including the headers and footers.Please fill in the following details:Student NameStudent Number1
Week 1The text discusses the elements of modern computing architecture however is largely silenton the individuals who played a role in its development. Find and summarise a resource thatdescribesONEsuch individual. The individual should have had a significant influence on thedevelopment of computers and/or components of modern computing architecture.TitleandReference:David A. PattersonEecs (2017).David A. Patterson | EECS at UC Berkeley. [online]Www2.eecs.berkeley.edu.Availableat:https://www2.eecs.berkeley.edu/Faculty/Homepages/patterson.html [Accessed 16Sep. 2017].Summary:The resource is an online article that describes the work and contribution of David A.Patterson, who has an immense contribution in the modern computing architecture.Patterson graduated from UCLA in 1976 and is a professor of Computer Science atthe University of California. He has done a lot of research in the field of moderncomputing architecture and has provided significant concepts such as, ReducedInstruction Set Computers (RISC) and Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks(RAID)along with Network of Workstations (NOW). RISC belongs to the instruction sectarchitectures which are one of the most important elements of the present daycomputing architecture. RAID explains and includes the concept of virtualizationtechnology for the storage of data in an efficient and reliable manner. David hasreceived a total of 35 awards for his research and teaching works and has also co-authored seven different books in the area of computer science. His concepts andideas have made it possible to make use of the modern computer architecture withease and have also enabled the researchers to find newer topics for furtherdevelopment and advancement. The article provides a concise overview of the workdone by David in a clear manner.Week 2The text discusses the components and activities of operating systems however is largelysilent on the individuals who played a role in their development. Find and summarise aresource that describesONEsuch individual. The individual should have had a significantinfluence on the writing or development of operating systems.TitleandReference:Bill GatesBellis, M. (2017).Microsoft Founder Bill Gates: His Life, Contributions andPhilanthropy. [online] ThoughtCo. Available at: https://www.thoughtco.com/bill-gates-biography-and-history-1991861 [Accessed 26 Sep. 2017].Summary:There are several operating systems that are being used by the users in the presentera. One of the most popular and widely used operating systems is the WindowsOperating System. The first version of windows was released in the year 1985 byMicrosoft and the man behind it was Bill Gates. There have been nine versions ofwindows so far which have allowed user to make use of latest elements andcomponents. He is the co-founder of Microsoft which is the world’s largest softwarecompany. He also worked as a chief solution architect in Microsoft and has a greatcontribution in the development of Windows Operating System. He began his work inthe area of computers and software with BASIC interpreter for the development of afloppy disc system. Microsoft then collaborated with IBM to carry out further researchin the area of software and computer systems. They came up with the first version of2
windows on 20thNovember, 1985. Bill Gates made sure that the process ofdevelopment and evolution did not stop and gave the organization another 15 yearsof his life as the CEO. The article describes the journey of Windows OS and thecontribution of Bill Gates in the process.Week 3The Internet didn’t just appear – it was an evolution from earlier networks. Find andsummarise a resource that describesONEof the networks that led to the development of themodern Internet.TitleandReference:ARPANETLivinginternet (2013).ARPANET, Internet. [online] Livinginternet.com. Available at:https://www.livinginternet.com/i/ii_arpanet.htm [Accessed 16 Sep. 2017].Summary:Internet came into existence with an evolution of a lot many earlier networks. One ofsuch networks was Advanced Research Project Agency Network (ARPANET) whichincluded the idea of packet switching network and led to the development of Internet.Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO) along with Defense / AdvancedResearch Project Agency (DARPA) came up with the idea of ARPANET. ARPANETcollaborated with BBN technologies to design the first set of routers. The networkwas launched on 30thAugust 1969 with the release of Interface Message Processor(IMP). ARPANET provided a base for the sharing and communication of the digitalresources irrespective of their geographical location. The researchers carried on theirwork of research and development in the area of networking and came up with anumber of internet protocols in their research projects that were funded by ARPA.The team came up with the protocols such as remote login protocol which was laternamed as Telnet, File Transfer Protocol (FTP), Network Control Program (NCP) andmany more. The article describes complete detail of the ARPANET timeline with theprocesses that were involved, researchers that participated and a lot of furtherinformation that led to the development and launch of the Internet.Week 4Ethernet is an example of a Layer Two (L2) data link protocol that is discussed in the text.Find and summarise a resource that describes the features and uses ofONEother L2protocol that is not discussed in the text (i.e.NOTEthernet).TitleandReference:Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)Mitchell, B. (2017).What Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) does for your computernetwork. [online] Lifewire. Available at: https://www.lifewire.com/address-resolution-protocol-817941 [Accessed 16 Sep. 2017].Summary:Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) is a layer-2 protocol that works on the basis ofmodern Ethernet and the Wi-Fi connections. A physical address which is termed asMedia Access Control (MAC) address is associated with every network connectionand system. This address is a unique address for every machine and is used for thedelivery of the messages over the network. This MAC address is identified to initiatethe networking process and an IP to MAC mapping is retrieved from the ARP cache.3
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