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DYSLEXIA. Dyslexia. Dyslexia. Student Name. [Course tit

Added on - 16 Sep 2019

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DYSLEXIAStudent Name[Course title]
DYSLEXIATable of ContentsAbstractPage No.- 2IntroductionPage No.- (3-4)ContentPage No.- (5-7)ConclusionPage No.- (8)ReferencesPage No.- (9-10)Page |1
DYSLEXIAABSTRACT:Dyslexia is a prominent yet an old disorder which was recorded and researched in late 1800's. Itis defined as an inexplicable deficiency in reading and writing, which was once referred to ascongenital word blindness (Hinshelwood, 1900) or strephosymbolia (Orton, 1928) but nowreferred to as developmental dyslexia. Several factors contribute to the onset of dyslexia both atan early or a later stage. These factors may be hereditary like DCDC2 gene, READ1 or may bearising from linked environmental factors like trauma, injury, etc. There are several sign andsymptoms which altogether contribute to dyslexia. The level of dyslexia affecting child orindividual can be reduced with proper training and medication. In this report, genetic factors andvariations leading to dyslexia have been discussed. Various sign and symptoms are beingevaluated which signifies the extent of dyslexia and the type of dyslexia as they employ adifferent approach to combat them. However, the findings clearly state a fine difference betweenintelligence and learning disorder and research show lack of data and investigation methods forthe treatment and diagnostics of this disorder.Page |2
DYSLEXIAINTRODUCTION:Dyslexia is adapted from a Greek word that corresponds to “Difficulty with words”. Dyslexia isa disorder where a child is unable to code and decode text, speech in a normal manner. It issometimes also referred to as reading impairment (Vellutino, 1979). Statistically, nearly 10% ofworld’s population is affected by dyslexia (Peterson, 2012). The extent of the effect of dyslexiavaries from individual to individual. It is not limited to children but can also be experienced atadulthood contributed to brain injury or stroke and dementia. It contributes difficulties at variouslevels like impaired reading and writing skills, slow rate for the spell of words. There is nocorrelation of dyslexia with the IQ of an individual as the entire disorder is involuntary in nature.Dyslexia is being contributed and caused by both genetic linkage, brain anatomy, andenvironmental factors. It is also researched that a child who has dyslexia is also prone to moreimmunological disorders. Dyslexia also has different variants as they are categorized by theextent and type to which they affect an individual. Local dyslexia associations can be contactedfor assistance. Briefly to minimize dyslexia, several strategies are followedviz.allocating a zonethat is noise free so that activities like reading, writing and comprehension studies can take placeeffectively, use of audio equipment’s to dictate the content of a book, use of screens andprojectors for visualization, encouraging child and boosting the moral by neglecting minorgrammatical mistakes associated with the use of scientific words.Developmental phases of Dyslexia(Snowling, 2008):-S.No.Developmental PhaseSign and symptoms of Dyslexia1.Pre-school (around Twoand half yr)Slow rate of speechProblem in achieving milestones like crawling,walking due to short term memoryPage |3
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