Early Childhood Education in Australia

Added on - 23 Feb 2020

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Running head: EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATIONName of the student:Name of the University:Author note:
1EARLY CHILDHOODEarly Childhood Education in AustraliaThe council of Australian government has developed a framework for the educators inAustralia to give the young children the chance to increase their potential so that they candevelop a foundation that would ensure their success in learning in the future. The vision of thecouncil of Australian governments is that all the children should have the best start of their livesso that they can create a better future for themselves and the other people of the nation. Theframework is governed by the idea that the early childhood has a greater role to play in thelearning and development process of a child. The framework ensures that all the children have agood experience of quality learning in their early childhood (Wall et al., 2015).For this theframework focuses on providing a play based pattern for the children, this will make theirlearning experience enjoyable and they would show interest in learning. The important aspect ofcommunication and language are also taken care. The framework is used by the early childhoodeducators with the help of the parents and the families of the young children (National Councilfor Curriculum and Assessment, 2009).The contemporary early childhood education uses a variety of structural, curricular,pedagogical and evaluative approaches, these approaches depend on the institutions, or thecenters and the philosophies of the individual as well as the group of professionals, educators. Inthe early childhood education sector also there is a shift in the theories and the practices. Thedifferent ideologies affect the classroom learning (Deewr, 2009).Impact of historical influenceThe advent of British in the Australian continent as impacted its existing educationsystem a lot. British civilization has influenced the thought process and the life style f the people
2EARLY CHILDHOODof Australia largely. The British practiced the Montessori and kindergarten system of education,so its evidences can be seen in education system of Australia, the similar practices are followed.The schools have existed in Australia from the very beginning for more than 200 years but theconcept of preschools is a slightly newer concept. Some of the historical heroes have influencedthe thinking of people regarding the early childhood education practices (Follari, 2015).According to Martin Luther, the role of education is to teach children to read. Readingabilities were considered important because it was believed that children should have theknowledge of bible, this was the earliest perspective, it was believed in the past that familymembers and parents has a very prominent role to play in the education of children. Thecommunities also have a very important role to play when it comes to early childhood education.The main idea that existed in the past was that children learn from their surroundings and muchof efforts was taken by the parents and they were accountable for the learning of the child. Theexternal environment and its impact were not acknowledged much in the past (Ozar, 2012).Formthe early settlement of the society there were many publically funded education facilities and itwas strongly supported by the people. Previously there was no Government curriculum tosupport the early childhood education and the education system was limited to primary,secondary, vocational and tertiary education system, though there were pre-schools but very lessin number (Arthur et al., 2012).Impact of Social influenceAs per the social set up, most people believe in home tutoring their small childrenbecause they are very cautious about the learning of their children because early childhoodlearning builds the foundation for their future leanings as well. The working class mostly take
3EARLY CHILDHOODadvantage of pre schools, those socially unprivileged do not get much opportunity to get theirchildren educated in the mainstream education system like the indigenous and the TorresIslander. Therefore, the Government has to introduce a framework that brings equality in theeducation system (McLachlan, Fleer & Edwards, 2013).Impact of cultural influenceCultural diversity refers to the existence of a wide variety of ethnic or cultural groupswithin a society. The assortment of different cultures spanning across various races in a societyrepresents cultural diversity. It has a very important impact on the early childhood care andeducation in the all the societies of all countries, including Australia. Since, individuals start tolearn from their early experiences and the family relationships, hence, the sense of belongingstarts to develop as they grow up. When their formal education starts, they get to meet otherchildren from different background. This helps them to grow and learn and develop their ownjudgment based on their values and principles, which are influenced by their culture.Impact Economic influenceThe economic impact on the early childhood care and education system inAustralia is quite significant. It is important to have a proper education since childhood, so thatthey get a job after their education is completed. In many cases, where the child belongs to anunderprivileged family or a community, then he might not get the proper education required, dueto lack of money. Hence, economic stability of the family as well as that of the community helpsin shaping the growth and development of children. For an economy to prosper, a strong,educated and culturally developed workforce is needed. Employers require people withcognitive, social, emotional and communication skills, which are developed through education
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