(PDF) Earthquake resistant design of structures

Added on - 21 Apr 2021

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OPTIMIZATION OF SPECIFICELEMENTS WITHIN EARTHQUAKERESISTANT CONSTRUCTION
HORIZONTAL BANDSHorizontal band refers to a technique ofreinforcing masonry buildings using bands ofhigher tensile strength. This is done to forman altogether connection therebyestablishing a single unit.Horizontal bands are located at various levelsincluding lintels, plinth levels of a buildingand ceiling levels.Horizontal bands are classified as Plinth,Lintel, Gable and Roof Bands
The Plinth Band is mostly useful in regionswith weak soils especially in the hilly areaswhere the soil is soft and has unevenproperties (Manohar, 2015, p.258).Lintel Bands are provided at the lintel level.The band experiences bending duringearthquakes therefore call for specialsupervision and care during construction
Roof Bland is mainly used with buildingswhose roofs are made of flat timber. Theband is not usable for roofs made of bricks orconcrete slabs since reinforced concentrateslabs are themselves horizontal bands(Manohar, 2015, p.312).Gable Bands are used in sloping roofs i.e.roofs with truss construction.Design Details for Horizontal Bands
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