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A Study of May & Baker Plc pdf

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EFFECT OF EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION ON ORGANIZATIONAL
PRODUCTIVITY

(A Study of May & Baker Plc, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria)

BY

AJALIE STANLEY NWANNEBUIFE.

15PAB00974

BEING A MASTERS THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF
BUSINESS MANAGEMENT,COLLEGE OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES,
COVENANT UNIVERSITY, OTA.

IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE
AWARD OF MASTERS DEGREE (M.Sc) IN BUSINESS
ADMINISTRATION

JUNE 2017
ii
DECLARATION

I hereby declare that this project report is based on a study undertaken by AJALIE STANLEY
NWANNEBUIFE of the Department of Business Management, College of Development Studies
of Covenant University under the supervision of DR., OLALEKE OGUNNAIKE. This project
report has not been elsewhere for the award of any degree. The ideas and views of this research
project are products of the research conducted by me. Where the ideas and views of other
researchers have been expressed, they have been duly acknowledged.

Ajalie Stanley Nwannebuife........................

ResearcherSignature & Date
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ACCEPTANCE

This is to attest that this dissertation is accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the
award of a Masters degree (M.Sc) in Business Administration in the department of Business
Management, College of Business and Social Sciences, Covenant University.

Mr. Phillip John Ainwokhai.......... ...........................

(Secretary, School of Postgraduate Studies)Signature & Date

Professor Samuel Wara......................................

(Dean, School of Postgraduate Studies)Signature & Date
iv
CERTIFICATION

This is to certify that this research work titled Effects of Employee Motivation on Organizational
Productivity:AstudyofMay&BakerPlcwasundertakenbyAJALIESTANLEY
NWANNEBUIFEwithmatriculationnumber15PAB00974underthesupervisionofDr.
OGUNNAIKE OLALEKE and submitted to the Department of Business Management of the
College of Development Studies, Covenant University, Ota.

Dr. Olaleke Ogunnaike...........................

SupervisorSignature and Date

Dr. O. Iyiola

-----------------------------------------------------

Head of DepartmentSignature and Date

-----------------------------------------------------

External ExaminerSignature and Date
v
DEDICATION

This research is dedicated to God Almighty the Source of all Knowledge, the Author and the
Finisher of my Faith and also to my parents.
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Firstly, I acknowledge God Almighty for his grace and enablement to commence and complete
this exercise, and his direction each and every time. Thank you for your faithfulness in my life
and being a source of inspiration to me.

My sincere appreciation goes to the Chancellor, Dr. David Oyedepo and his beloved wife Pastor
Faith Oyedepo, for diligently pursuing the vision of Covenant University of which I am a
beneficiary of, also to the Vice Chancellor: Professor. AAA Atayero who has also been a source
of inspiration and the Deputy Vice Chancellors: Prof. Shalom Nwodo Chinedu, the Registrar
Mrs. Mary Aboyede, Dean School of Postgraduate Studies: Professor Samuel Wara, Sub Dean
School of Postgraduate Studies: Dr. Humphrey Adebayo, Dean of the College of Business and
Social Science (CBSS), Prof. Francis Iyoha, Head of Department Dr. Oluwole Iyiola, the
Chaplain Pastor Charles Ihekwaba and all other associate chaplains. May the good Lord reward
your efforts.

My appreciation also goes to my amiable Supervisor Dr. Olaleke Ogunnaike for his fatherly
advice, instructions and directions given to me at every phase of this exercise and ensuring that it
was completed at the stipulated time. Many thanks to the entire Academic Staff in the
Department of Business Management, Dr. O. Iyiola, Dr. C. L. Moses, Dr. Adegbuiyi, Dr.
Kehinde, O. J, Dr. Worlu, R. E, Dr. Adeniji, A. A., Dr. Oludayo, O., Dr. Oladimeji, Prof.
Akinnusi, Prof. Oladele and the Administrative Officer of the Department; Dr. Agwu, and those
other lecturers whom I was privileged to have been taught by as a student.

My appreciation also goes to my respondents; the staff of May & Baker Plc. Thanks for your
various responses which led to the success of this programme. I acknowledge the input of my
dear course mates; graduating class of 2017 who have contributed positively to my life and this
project in one way or the other. To my friends: Ayomide Brandon, Harry Odey, Clinton
Ekechukwu, Samuel Mato, Mrs. Vivian Akatugba, Seyi Adesanya, Kemi Onayemi, Oluwaseun
Okesina, Demola Onabote, Ochanya Amuta, Mrs. Funke Adebayo, Mrs. Toyin Adesanya, Mrs.
Bola Adejana, Mr. Joseph Dada and many more thank you for your contributions to my life, you
all made my stay here worthwhile.
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I would also like to thank and appreciate the most important people in my life, my parents Mr. &
Mrs. Ajalie, dearly for their support, prayers and encouragement all through my life and through
this programme, ensuring I was never in want. God would forever reward you for the love that
you have lavished on me. To my wonderful siblings Winifred, Christopher and Emmanuel
thanks for your ceaseless encouragement all through this project.
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ABSTRACT

The issue of motivation has continually posed a big challenge to business organizations around
the globe especially in the manufacturing industries where high levels of productivity affect or
play a major role in determining the profitability, growth, development, stability and future
success of an organization. Therefore an organization in a bid to achieve success in maintaining a
competitive edge over its rival as well as avoid a steady decline in the productivity levels of its
employees, must ensure members of the workforce are adequately motivated. The primary
purpose of this study is to examine the effect of employee motivation on organizational
productivity. This study adopted a descriptive and causal research design as well as the survey
method in investigating the effects of motivation on organizational productivity levels. The
entire population of the study was 475 as a result the sample size determined is 217. A well-
structured self-administered questionnaire was used as the main tool for data collection and was
administered to 217 respondents out of which 185 were retrieved and appropriately filled.
Reliability of the research instrument was calculated and the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was
0.868. Data were analyzed using multiple regression analysis. From the hypotheses tested, the
resultindicated that there isa significantrelationship between employee motivationand
organizational productivity. Findings also revealed that 35.8% of the variations in productivity
can be explained by employee motivation in the organization used as a study in this research.
The results also revealed that extrinsic factors were considered to have more significant effects
on organizational productivity than intrinsic factors. The study concluded that although both
intrinsic and extrinsic factors are significant predictors of productivity, extrinsic factors appear to
be more significant or valued by respondents in the organization used as a study. Furthermore
thisstudyalsorecommendedthatmanagementoforganizationsshouldtakeappropriate
measures in figuring out those factors that motivate their employees and seek ways of ensuring
that they are adequately motivated in order to improve their performance and productivity levels.
Finally the study also suggested that future studies should focus on other industries apart from
the pharmaceutical manufacturing sector.

KEYWORDS: Motivation, Productivity, Organization, Employees.
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