Effect of Motivation on Employee Performance - AG913

Added on - Mar 2020

In the AG913 Dissertation, we will discuss Project Dissertation. This is research, which depicts the effect of motivation on the Performance of the Employees. Motivation is one of the key factors which can drive employees to provide better performance and that is why modern managers are trying to find different ways of motivating the employees. However, there is always a debate regarding the effect of motivation on the performance of the employees.

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Running head: PROJECT DISSERTATIONThe effect of motivation on employee performanceName of the studentName of the universityAuthor note
1PROJECT DISSERTATIONAcknowledgementBy this research, I have experienced best possible learning of my life.By conducting thisresearch, I have learnt various concepts, models and theories. I first thank to the almightyGod. After that, I want to thank to my supervisor ______________ who is my friend,philosopher and guide. I also thank my parents for being supportive and accommodative forcompleting this research. I want to thank my friends for giving me the moral support whileconducting this research.
2PROJECT DISSERTATIONAbstractThis is a research study, which depicts the effect of motivation on the performance of theemployees. Motivation is one of the key factors which can drive employees to provide betterperformance and that are why modern managers are trying to find different ways ofmotivating the employees. However, there is always a debate regarding the effect ofmotivation on the performance of the employees. The quality of work force in anorganization is one of the key factors, which can provide competitive advantage to anorganization. This research paper deals with the case study on Marks & Spencer that analyzesthe effect of motivation on the workforce. Thematic analysis is the method, which is used, forthe analysis of the data and it is the secondary analysis of the journals and articles availableon the internet. There has been a constraint in time and it can be considered a big limitationfor the research. There is no comparative analysis with other companies in the market so thescope of the research is quite narrow and is specific to the particular organization. However,the motivational methods used by the organization are based on the various prevailingtheories, which have been validated with the help of this study. Thus, it can be determinedthat employee motivation has a lot of significance on the performance of the employees in themarket.
3PROJECT DISSERTATIONTable of contentChapter 1....................................................................................................................................7Introduction................................................................................................................................71.0.Introduction.....................................................................................................................71.1. Background of the study.....................................................................................................71.2. Aim of the Research..........................................................................................................111.3 Research objectives............................................................................................................111.4 Research Question..............................................................................................................11Chapter 2..................................................................................................................................12Literature review......................................................................................................................122.0 Literature review:...............................................................................................................122.1 Motivation..........................................................................................................................122.2 Related articles of employee performance:........................................................................162. 3 Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs............................................................................................192.4 Purpose of literature review...............................................................................................20Chapter 3..................................................................................................................................22Research methodology.............................................................................................................223.0 Research methodology.......................................................................................................223.1 Research Philosophy..........................................................................................................233.2 Research Approach............................................................................................................25Clarification for the selection for the deductive approach.......................................................263.3 Data collection...................................................................................................................263.4 Data Analysis.....................................................................................................................293.5 Reliability and Validity......................................................................................................293.6 Ethical Consideration.........................................................................................................30
4PROJECT DISSERTATIONChapter 4..................................................................................................................................31Findings and Analysis..............................................................................................................314.0 Finding and Analysis..........................................................................................................314.1 Evaluation of the impact of motivational strategies on employee performance................314.2 The significance of employee motivation on organizational performances......................35Chapter 5..................................................................................................................................41Conclusion................................................................................................................................415.0 Conclusion..........................................................................................................................415.1 Recommendation................................................................................................................42Self-reflection...........................................................................................................................43Reference..................................................................................................................................45
5PROJECT DISSERTATIONList of figuresFigure 1......................................................................................................................................8Figure 2......................................................................................................................................9Figure 3: Research onion Model..............................................................................................23Figure 4: Research Philosophy.................................................................................................24Figure 5: Research Approach...................................................................................................26Figure 6....................................................................................................................................35Figure 7....................................................................................................................................36Figure 8....................................................................................................................................37Figure 9....................................................................................................................................38Figure 10..................................................................................................................................39
6PROJECT DISSERTATIONChapter 1Introduction1.0.IntroductionThis is a research, which depicts the effect of motivation on the performance of theemployees. Motivation is one of the key factors which can drive employees to provide betterperformance and that are why modern managers are trying to find different ways ofmotivating the employees. However, there is always a debate regarding the effect ofmotivation on the performance of the employees. The quality of work force in anorganization is one of the key factors, which can provide competitive advantage to anorganization. This research paper deals with the case study on Marks & Spencer that analyzesthe effect of motivation on the workforce.1.1. Background of the studyWorkforce in one of the important asset of an organization and employee performanceis a factor, which will help an organization to improve the operation output, which in turnwill help in the increase of the net profit. Motivation is one of the important aspects that candrive the employees to provide better output but there is no definitive proof that motivationalone can influence the performance of the workforce (Cherian and Jacob 2013). However,there are instances, which show that increasing the level of motivation is not the only factorthat can help in improvement of the employees, and both the variables taken in toconsideration cannot be taken as the equivalent.There are factors such as skill level of theemployee, tangible benefits and intangible benefits that affect the perception of theemployees toward motivation. These factors are discussed in detail in the chapter four of the
7PROJECT DISSERTATIONstudy where the findings and the respective analysis identify the other factors and theirimpact of the level of motivation of the employees.According to Suharto (2017), there areinstances where people are unable to perform even though they are highly motivated. Theskill level of the employees is also an important factor, which has to be taken in toconsideration. The research done by the author shows that the level of performance of theemployees becomes stagnant after a certain point of time and with further increase in thelevel of motivation, the performance of the employees decreases. The tabulation of theemployee performance and motivation forms a bell shaped curve, which shows that theemployee performance becomes stagnant at some point and then starts decreasing.Thenumbers of high performing employees in an organization are much less in number becausevery few employees can reach that level of motivation so there is an distinction between thetop performers and the average performers in the organization. This is the very reason thatthere is no level of impact on the performance of the employees due to to the motivationalfactors.Figure 1(Source: Suharto 2017)

Thus, it can be concluded from the above research that Employee Motivation has a significant effect on the employees of the organization. The analysis of the data from Marks & Spencer shows that employee motivation has been a critical factor in the success of the organization. Marks & Spencer has made use of the innovation to improve the motivation level of the employees. The organization does not believe in spending too much from the budget for the benefit of the employees. 

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