Assignment on Economics PDF

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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Running head: EGRONOMICSErgonomicsName of the Student:Name of the University:Author’s Note:
1EGRONOMICSTable of ContentsIntroduction:.......................................................................................................................3Findings:............................................................................................................................3Measuring of various health issues faced by employees due to long working hours:......7Discussion of solutions and anticipated challenges:.........................................................8Solution for all the anticipated challenge faced due to shifting of working hours:.............8Comparison of normal person and person working for longer hours:...............................9Plan to roll out new working hours for warehouse staffs:................................................10Conclusion and Recommendations:................................................................................11References list:................................................................................................................13
2EGRONOMICSIntroduction:The report is prepared to be presented to the board of directors of AmazingSuppliers that has been introducing change in work shift of their warehouse staffs.Amazing Suppliers is a large organization that supplies wide range of goods that theysell it through online channel. Since the demand of products sold is quite high, it hasbeen decided that in some areas. Twenty hour of working would be introduced and thisshift system would be majorly impacting warehouse staffs. Report intends to analysethe impact of extended, overtime and long working hours and challenges faced byorganization. Twenty four working hours for the warehouse staffs would adverselyaffecting the health and wellbeing of employees. Long working hours are potentiallydangerous to health of workers. Long working hours comes with the challenge and riskof occupational illness and injuries. Challenges can be faced relating to work lifebalance and workers might face psychological issues due to long extended workinghours. They would face changes sleeping and eating phase. Another issue is faced interms of inefficiency in the performance of workers due to disruption of circadian rhythmcombined with fatigue and sleep deficit. Organization would have lower efficiency ofperformance for warehouse staffs. Long working shift would case long-term effectsconcerning health and higher social and economic cost for both organization andsociety as a whole (Broberg and Hall-Andersen 2014). On other hand, twelve hourworking shift can be tiring for administrative staffs. Nonetheless, it does not comes withseveral challenges as it incorporates a well-balanced workloads and frequent restpauses.Findings:From the above discussion, it is ascertained that extended working hours comeswith several health issues faced by employees. Fatigue is one of the common complainamong the workers who are working for abnormal hours. It is noticeable after the nightshift of workers and least on the afternoon shift. This particular issue faced by workersis somewhat difficult to measure Secondly, it will lower efficient performance ofemployees due to long-term impact on health. In this particular section, the applicationof concept of ergonomics is discussed in relation to challenges faced due to shift in
3EGRONOMICSworking hours. Another issue that is faced by workers is that twenty hour working shifthas a relevant intervene with family and social life. This would result in psychosomaticdisorders and psychological stress. Great difficulties would be faced by warehouse staffof organization in combing working and social times (Haslam and Waterson 2013). Inrelation to complexity of personal duties, family time, coordination of workers with familytime table will become difficult.Ergonomics or factor of human application have been ascertained to positivelyaffect the performance of workers, satisfaction and health and safety of workers. Thiswould impact the overall performance of organization in both direct and indirect way.Ergonomics is a scientific approach that is related to the understanding of interactionamong human and other elements of a system. Organization practicing ergonomicscontributes to evaluation and designing of tasks jobs, environment, system andproducts so that it is compatible with the abilities, needs and limitation of people.Implementation of criteria of ergonomics would help in minimizing the adverse impact ofchange in shifting schedules and leading to better place for working (Hignettet al.2013). The schedule of shifting is required to be designed in accordance with ergonomiccriteria.From the discussion of this particular section, it is inferred that organisation hasdifficulties in measuring issues such as fatigue. Fatigue that are caused to workers dueto long hour of works can be measures using some methods or tools of analysis suchas Cognitive testing, multi latency test and Epworth Sleepiness scale. It would help inminimizing the adverse impacts of shift schedule by limiting the impacts, lessening thestress, avoiding consecutive number of prolonged night shifts, minimizing accumulationof sleep deficits, circadian disruption and fatigue. Excess of consecutive working daysand prolonged working hours are connected with increased risk of ergonomics relatedinjuries. Ergonomics issues is associated with sleep deprivation and lost workdays dueto this continuous work shift. Sleep deprivation might lead to damage in terms ofligament, muscle and tendon injury. This leads to increased risk of ergonomic injuries. Ithas been found from previous research that twelve hour working shift is not regarded asinherently damaging health and employees and they are not regarded as dangerous for
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