Emerging Cybersecurity Technologies Self Driving Vehicles Assignment

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Running head:EMERGING CYBERSECURITY TECHNOLOGIES: SELF DRIVING VEHICLES1
SELF-DRIVING VEHICLES
Individual Assignment #1: Emerging Cybersecurity Technologies
Victor J. Florido
University of Maryland University College
UMUC CSEC-670
11/17/2016
Author Note
This paper was prepared for Cybersecurity Capstone Class
(CSEC-670), taught by Prof. Shapna Pal
EMERGING CYBERSECURITY TECHNOLOGIES: SELF DRIVING VEHICLES2
Table of Contents
Introduction .......................................................................................3
Self-driving Vehicles Prioritized Research and Development to Improve
Cybersecurity.........................................................................................4
Developments and Main Features of Self-driving Vehicles................................5
Use of Self-driving Vehicles as an Emerging Cybersecurity Technology....7
Real-World Examples of Self-driving Vehicles and Its Emerging Cybersecurity
Technology........................................................................................8
Role of the Federal Government in Support and Nurturing of the Emerging
Cybersecurity Technologies: Self-driving Vehicles............................................... 10
Benefits and Drawback from Federal Government Support to Self-driving
Vehicles...........................................................................................11
Real-World Examples Supporting the Development of Self-driving Vehicles........13
Conclusion ..........................................................................................14
References .......................................................................................... 18
EMERGING CYBERSECURITY TECHNOLOGIES: SELF DRIVING VEHICLES3
Introduction
There is a consensus among experts in the transportation industry is that
approximately within the next decade; self-driving vehicles will become the norm in the
United States and other developed nations. Tesla Motors, Inc. has become the pioneer
and a worldwide enterprise that mainly “designs, produces and markets electric powered
vehicles and components. Unfortunately cybersecurity vulnerabilities could impact
safety of life rather quickly. Cyber experts within the auto industry expressed their
concerns. In fact, 55 percent of corporate risk managers surveyed named cybersecurity
as their top concern about self-driving cars. Evidently, there is a need for safety
standards in regards to electronic systems protection, which includes the “security needs
for those electronic components to prevent unauthorized access” (NHTSA, 2016).
On the other hand, the USDOT (United States Department of Transportation) is
already taking a proactive approach and released new guidelines for improving motor
vehicle cybersecurity. This guidance also focuses on the importance of making
cybersecurity a top leadership priority for the automotive sector. It is also important to
keep in mind the fact that governments around the world are also fully committed to
develop safe electric vehicles as a substitute of transportation in their markets. Therefore,
they are equally interested in developing safe guidance against cybersecurity
vulnerabilities.
This paper will discuss self-driving vehicles as an emerging cybersecurity
technology and how it combines with prioritized research and development that improves
cybersecurity. It will clearly define the emerging cybersecurity technology of self-driving
vehicles and its main features. Furthermore, it will examine how Tesla and other auto
makers are using the emerging technology of autonomous vehicles and provide real-
world examples of the use of this emerging cybersecurity technology. On the other hand,
EMERGING CYBERSECURITY TECHNOLOGIES: SELF DRIVING VEHICLES4
it will explain the role of the federal government in the support and nurturing of the self-
driving vehicles, the benefits and drawbacks that the government may create by its efforts
to support autonomous vehicles, as well as real-world examples.
Self-driving Vehicles Prioritized Research and Development to Improve
Cybersecurity
According to a survey conducted by Munich Re, Webb (2016) stated that “The
world’s second-biggest reinsurer found that 55 percent of corporate risk managers
surveyed named cybersecurity as their top concern about self-driving cars. Cybersecurity
included the potential hacking of an automated car’s data systems as well as the failure of
smart road infrastructure.” Moreover, Mike Scrudato, the head of Munich Re’s mobility
operations, explained how cybersecurity is a new experience when it comes to
automobiles in general, but autonomous vehicles are even more susceptible to
cyberattacks because all the new features have an unidentified number of unknown
vulnerabilities. In other words, Mike Scrudato added “One of the factors that could
increase premiums is the cyber exposure because there is no real cyber product being
purchased in relation to auto today” (Webb, 2016).
Additionally, to facilitate this discussion, several stakeholders met to discuss key
vehicle cybersecurity topics. Specifically, this year, in January 2016, a cybersecurity
summit was organized and “over 300 people attended this meeting. These attendees
represented more than 200 unique organizations including 17 original equipment
manufacturers (OEMs), 25 government entities, and 13 industry associations” (NHTSA,
2016). This meeting was an exceptional opportunity for a group of the stakeholders to
identify actionable steps for the vehicle manufacturing industry to effectively and
promptly address autonomous vehicle cybersecurity challenges. Consequently, in
February 2016 a follow up meeting took place with other government agencies to discuss
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