Motivational Factors And The Hospitality Industry - PDF

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WHAT ARE THE MOTIVATING FACTORS INHOTEL MANAGEMENT?
Table of ContentsChapter 1: Introduction.........................................................................................................................31.1 Background of the Study.......................................................................................................31.2 Rationale of the Study............................................................................................................41.3 Aim and Objectives...............................................................................................................41.4 Research Questions................................................................................................................51.5 Structure of Dissertation........................................................................................................5Chapter 2: Literature Review...............................................................................................................72.1 Current trends in hotel industry in UK..................................................................................72.2 Different theories of motivation..........................................................................................102.3 Motivational factors that influencing an individual in selection of hospitality industry forcareer development....................................................................................................................13Chapter 3: Research Methodology.....................................................................................................18Research Type............................................................................................................................18Research design.........................................................................................................................18Research philosophy..................................................................................................................19Research approach.....................................................................................................................19Data collection method..............................................................................................................19Sampling technique....................................................................................................................20Data analysis..............................................................................................................................20Validity and reliability...............................................................................................................21Limitations of the study.............................................................................................................21References..........................................................................................................................................22
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTIONTitle: “To Assess Different Factors that Motivate an Individual to Build Career in HotelManagement.”1.1 Background of the StudyIn the growing economy of different countries, hospitality industry is playing significantrole. There are several companies operating in the sector which are constantlymakingcourageousefforts to satisfy theneeds andwants of customers and achievehigher financialgrowth. There are approximately 10000 hotel businesses in UK that almost contribute£18 billionto the overall economy (British Hospitality Association, 2013). At present the hospitalityindustry employs 10% of the national workforce and British Hospitality Association has ensuredthat in coming year more employment opportunities will be available forthe people of all agestodevelop their career in hotel management.In addition to this, it has been addressed that thehospitality sector has accounted for 17% of total net employment growth in between the 2010 to2014 (UK Hotels Forecast, 2015).On the basis of these statistics, it can be stated that hospitalitysector in UK has made a significant contribution in the creation of private sector jobs(Theeconomic contribution of the UK hospitality industry, 2015).However, increasing competitionenforces companies to enhance their level of business operations which indeed leads to generatemore employment opportunities for the people. There are several types of job opportunitiespresent in this industry for individual that constantly motivates them to enter into Hotel line.Further, one of the major factor behind better growth opportunities in hospitality sector is it’srapidly increase leisure and comfort life for the employees and along with this betterremuneration or pay. Herein, the researcher focuses on evaluating such factors that areresponsible for motivating the people to build career in hotel management.Further, consideringthe aim of this study the researcher focuses on identifying and exploring all the factors thatencourage or motivate individual to build the career in hotel management.Looking at trends in UK hospitality industry, prominent growth has been analyzed asalready around 2.9 million people are associated with different portfolios of hospitality sector(Goudreau, 2012). Therefore, the researcher focuses on evaluating and identifying the currenttrends of UK hotels that helps in understanding the actual employment and growth opportunitiesavailable for the individual. The perception of people towards hotel industry is changing3|P a g e
significantly. Nowadays, people thinks more positive towards this industry as it is constantlyproviding better returns to the one who are into for good period of time (Altman, 2009). Otherthan this, several management course related to hotel management have been executed whicheducate, train and mold fresher to work in the hotel and carry out operations effectively.1.2 Rationale of the StudyMotivation is considered as a most important aspect that influence an individual towardsparticular organization for building a career. There are several studies that have been carried outin the past to evaluate or analyse the importance of employee motivation within an organizationand its implications on the corporation (Bak, 2011).There are various studies that has takenplace on the factors that motivates individual to build career irrespective to the sector thus, willhelp investigator to develop suitable theoretical base for carrying out the entire study.Therefore,in the present study the researcher aim at evaluating and assessing different factor that influencepeople to build career in hotel management. The rationale behind selecting this topic is that itwill assist the researcher in enhancing knowledge regarding current trends of hospitality industryas well as different elements hospitality business such as salary, extra benefits, other rewards etc.that attract job seeker towards hospitality sector (Najeeb, 2013).Further, with constantly growing industry various opportunities are present in thehospitality industry of UK. However, in order to explore the opportunities for the young peoplepresent study has been executed. Through the means of such information recommendation to theyounger people who are passionate about their career and wanting to do really good in future canbe positively influenced to join hotel management. Worldwide, changing trends in hospitalitysector has encouraged various people set up their career. Therefore, analysing the differentfactors of hospitality industry UK will assist in encouraging people to enter into this industry.Another aspect is to increase the employment rate within the youth of UK because it will doworld of good for the hospitality firm as young, passionate and skilful individual willing to workwill joining and carry out operations in effective and efficient manner.1.3 Aim and ObjectivesAim:The main of this study is “To explore what Motivate an Individual to choose or buildCareer in Hotel Management”.4|P a g e
Research objectives:To achieve the above aim it is essential for the researcher to develop small objectives thatcreates suitable platform for the investigator to address and understand different aspects of theselected topic. Furthermore, research objectives provide guidance to the researcher in collectionof wide range of information. The objectives of present investigation are determined as below:To assess the current trends related to hotel management in UK.To determine the motivational factors that influence an individual to choose or buildcareer in hotel management.To make recommendations for which an individual should select the field of hotelmanagement as a tool for career development.1.4 Research QuestionsQuestions of the research are important aspects because it helps investigator in carryingout study on the selected topic in effective and efficient manner. Through the means of thesequestions the researcher can easily analyse different components of the study that leads togenerate desired results and findings on the basis of which reliable conclusion can be made.What are the current trends of hotel management in UK?What are the motivational factors that encourage individual to build career in hotelmanagement?1.5 Structure of DissertationStructure of a study is considered as the most important aspect because conductingoverall research in proper structure leads to generate desired or valuable results (Singh, 2010).The researcher conductor is highly responsible for ensuring this aspect as he/she has to makesure that proper structure is being followed so that each and every chapters of the dissertation arecarried in systematic manner. Following is the structure of present dissertation that the researcherwill abide:Chapter 1 Introduction: This is the first section of entire study in which the researcherfocuses on highlighting the brief discussion of the selected topic so as to develop basicunderstanding for readers and learners regarding the selected topic (Williamson and et.al,2013). Through the means of this section, the researcher aims at attracting theconcentration of readers or learners by providing them valuable information relating tothe important aspects of the dissertation. Further, there are several crucial elements5|P a g e
covered in this study which are background of the study, rationale, aim and objectivesand research questions.Chapter 2 Literature review: This is a significant section of the study because it helps theresearcher in developing theoretical base for the selected topic by considering the paststudies or researches done by different authors on the related topic of the current study(Denscombe, 2008). By the means of this chapter, readers can have in-depthunderstanding about vital elements of the study, for instance, herein; literature reviewwill help making in-depth analysis of current trends in hospitality industry, motivationalfactors for the fresher in different streams etc.Chapter 3 Research methodologies: This is third but important chapter because it helpsthe researcher in defining the methods and approaches that will be used in the presentstudy to carry out entire course in effective and efficient manner. Under this chapter,various elements are covered such as research, design, approach, sampling, datacollection, analysis and ethical consideration and limitation of the study (Ketchen,Ketchen Jr and Bergh, 2006).Chapter 4 Data Analysis and Findings: Analysis of data is the most crucial part of anydissertation because on the basis of it the researcher can make conclusion andrecommendations for the future (Noor, 2008). After collecting information it is importantto analyse data in appropriate way thus, the researcher under this section uses methodslike thematic and statistical tools to analyse the data so that best possible findings can begenerated.Chapter 5 Conclusion and Recommendations: This is the last chapter of the study inwhich the researcher concludes each and every aspects generated form the abovechapters. This is important chapter because reader through this can easily make out whatresearch resulted in comparison to the defined objectives (Sachdeva, 2009). Further, onthe basis of conclusion, recommendations are made so that future scope of study can beidentified.6|P a g e
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