Employment Relation in New Zealand (pdf)


Added on  2021-04-24

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Running head: EMPLOYMENT RELATION IN NEW ZEALANDEmployment Relation in New ZealandNameInstitution
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EMPLOYMENT RELATION IN NEW ZEALAND 2Task AQuestion 1:Political, social, economic and theoretical views have contributed to the development of the New Zealand employment relations. The first Labour government was formed in 1935. a)Since the 1930s the relationship between the government and the union leadership havebeen strong. The government drafted several legislations which show restoration of the old age pensions, the establishment of the minimum wage in the labour market, guaranteeing dairy prices, and building of state housing for workers. The first Labour government enacted the Arbitration and Industrial Conciliation Amendment Act which introduced compulsory unionism for employees and the restoration of the arbitration system in the labour market(Geare, 2000). b) Economic and social factors have also contributed to the development of the New Zealand employment relationship. Between the 1950s and 1970s, New Zealand experienced but steady economic growth. The country experienced a high level of unemployment and the slow rise in real wages. Union leaders would not make a lot of demands to protect the rights of their members. However, as the economy improved, union movement grew considerably. They started to demand pay rise for their members leading to numerous labour disputes which resulted in strikes and lockouts (Deeks & Rasmussen, 2002). All through economic and social achievement have been the basis used by union leaders to make new demands to the employers; when the profitability level of a company grow, employees demand pay rise(Deeks & Rasmussen, 2002). c)
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EMPLOYMENT RELATION IN NEW ZEALAND 3Ideologies and theories such as labour process theory, Corporatism, and strategic choicetheory have also contributed to the employment relationship in New Zealand. Generally, the three theories state that an economy needs labour and capital to grow.Considering that New Zealand relies on the production sector, companies tend to focus on increasing their capital while infringing the rights of their employees. Likewise, with industrialization, conflicts arose leading to national movement with the society demanding for employment opportunities in the companies, fair wages, and housing. Such movement was witnessed in New Zealand in the 1930 and contributed to the current stability in the labour market (Geare, 2000). TASK B:Question 1:a)The Employment Relations Act (ERA) 2000 literary covers all the employees working under contract in New Zealand. Duties of the employer as listed under ERA are: a) ensuring that the workplace is safe; b) offering employees paid leave; c) avoiding discrimination against the employees; d) proving written agreements to the employees; e) taking responsibility for the actions by the employees as long as such actions are lawful; and f) to convert surveillance by the use of cameras and other methods as long as it is done as prescribed under the law (Employment New Zealand, 2003). On the other hand, the employees have the following roles and responsibilities as stipulated under ERA. They are; a) be ready to work by willingly performing the duties
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