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Understanding Domestic and International Terrorism in the United States

   

Added on  2019-09-23

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Running Head: English PaperRESEARCH PAPERON TERRORISM INUSA
Understanding Domestic and International Terrorism in the United States_1

English Paper 1ContentsIntroduction:...............................................................................................................................2Discussion:.................................................................................................................................2Conclusion:................................................................................................................................7References:.................................................................................................................................9
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English Paper 2Introduction: Terrorism in the US is defined as “A systematic and threatened indulgence in violence for creating a general climate of intimidation and fear for the government or the population and hence bringing ideological, political or religious changes” [ CITATION Enc18 \l 1033 ]. Actsof terrorism can be classified into internal or domestic terrorism and international terrorism. Domestic terrorism refers to the acts of violence or terror that are caused by agents that are internal to the US. These are the incidents that can be traced to terrorist masterminds belonging to several parties within the state or acts of terrorism incited by the state actors within the territory of the US. International terrorism refers to the acts of terrorism within the US that are masterminded by agents that are of international origins such as outside terrorist groups like the ISIS and Al Qaeda that originate outside the boundaries of the US. Data extracted from the Global Terrorism Database in 2017, revealed that out of the total 65 terror attacks in the US in the year 2017, 37 were caused by the right-wing extremist groups. 11 attacks were launched by the left-wing extremists and 7 terror attacks were related to Islamic extremism [ CITATION Lui18 \l 1033 ]. Thus, it is evident from the available statistics that the US is most vulnerable from the internal acts of terrorism carried out primarily by the rightists, and the leftists and the least from Islam-sponsored terrorism within the country. TheUS also holds substantial threat from the instances of terrorism that breed in nations outside the boundaries of the US, the most potent being Islamic terrorist groups such as the ISIS.Discussion: In the United States, there have been many cases of terrorism where many innocent people have lost their families and their lives. Since 1980, there have been many remarkable terror attacks which have taken place. There have been three people and 23 people who have died and severely injured in terrorist attacks between the years 1978 and 1995. In 1993m there hasbeen another deadly attack which has taken the lives of almost 6 people and injured1000 people in a bombing taken place below the building of the World Trade Centre. In 1995, there has been another memorable incident of Oklahoma terrorism where 168 people have been killed and almost 700 people have been injured. In the year 1996, a bomb exploded in the Centennial Olympic Park in Atlanta during the time of the Summer Olympic. In the year 2001, the members of the al Qaeda have hijacked four passengers of the U. There were two aircraft of which one hit the Twin Towers located in New York and the second one hit Pentagon located in Pennsylvania. In the incident, more than 2900 people have lost their
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English Paper 3lives. In 2013, near Boston Marathon, there has been a double bomb blast taking lives of three people and injuring more than 265 people. In 2015, a Navy Sailor and four US Marines have lost their lives in an open firing in Chattanooga. In the same year, 14 people have lost their lives in the hands of a married couple who have are believed to be the self-radicalized. In 2016, almost 49 people have lost their lives in the hand of an America born man, Omar Mateen. In 2017, one person dies and several people were injured in the speeding car slams taken place in Charlottesville. In the same year, there has been another incident which has also taken the lives of eight people. These are some of the remarkable unfortunate incidents of the United States which have taken place in the last couple of decades [ CITATION CNN18 \l 1033 ].It has been seen there has been a decline in the number of the deaths due to terrorism in the last year. This 27% decrease in the terrorism deaths is quite significant as compared to the years which have witnessed many deadly cases. In different parts of the United States, there have been many cases where the deaths due to terrorism have taken place. The military actions have been made more powerful and the national governing bodies have also taken active participation in reducing the impacts of the terrorist attacks. It has been seen that in theyear 2017, Pakistan has not taken any proactive steps in curbing the terrorism and the groups which are operating their militant activities from different parts of Pakistan. These attacks arequite threatening for the United States. There have been two prominent terrorist organizationslike Jaish-e-Mohammad and Lashkar e-Tayyiba. Pakistan has not taken any measure to control their militant activities and hence, they have the courage to raise money openly along with their open recruitment and training which also take place in Pakistan [ CITATION Rya181 \l 1033 ]. Domestic terrorism includes terrorist or militant acts which have been carried out by the citizens of the United States or by the permanent US residents. It has been argued that before the United States could come up with any legal definition of domestic terrorism the act of terrorism has been conducted by the residents. The USA PATRIOT Act which falls under thecurrent law of the United States, considers the dangerous acts to human life which are the acts of violating the US national or state-level criminal laws are the terrorist acts. The intended intimidation or coercion of the civilian population and the act of influencing the government policy by assassination, mass destruction or even kidnapping is also considered to be domestic terrorist act as these have been taken place within the US territorial jurisdiction. The Anti-abortion violence is also an act of terrorism as per the US law when it
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