Assignment on Environment Economics

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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Running Head: ENVIRONMENT ECONOMICSEnvironment EconomicsName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor note
1ENVIRONMENT ECONOMICSIntroductionThe food processing industry holds third position in the list of manufacturing industriesin Canada. In terms of value added and shipment, the most important industry is the industry orprocessed meat. Processed meat constitutes one third of total exported food. The industryprovides larger employment to people engaged in food processing industry. The red meatprocessing industry in Canada employs more than 46,000 people. In every region of Canadameat processing is an important activity especially in Quebec and Prairie Province. The supplymanagement system in Canada helps to distribute meats across all provinces and at anapproximated proportion of total demand in consumer market.The processed meat industry though has taken an important place in the economy but ithas adverse impact on other sphere of economics. The intensive livestock business affects thecattle species and results in reduction in number and hence an ecological imbalances. Dietscontaining high shares of meat lead to several diseases and raises possibility of cancer. Excessivegazing and harmful gas emitted during meat processing detrimental effect on environment (DeSmet and Vossen). The paper presents a narrative essay on processed meat industry in Canadaand its impact on species, people and the health, environment and national and regionaleconomy.Cattle farming and its impact on speciesMeat industry is the largest based on animal agriculture. With expansion of non-vegetarian diet, the farming occupies majority of landmass. As a result, species rich in habitatsare now destroying. The large-scale agriculture of animals results in extinction or destruction ofspecies and creates dead zones in ocean.Most of the farm animals are first domesticated and
2ENVIRONMENT ECONOMICSthen killed for supplying meat. This practice gradually reduces the number of animals andcreates threats of species extinction. The ocean dean zones are areas under the ocean with a verylow proportion of oxygen.The dead zones are created from the extensive pollution caused byhuman activity. Pollutants released in water from bathing and excretion waste from farmanimals.Increasing proportion of pollutants in water reduces the amount of oxygen in watercreating dead Zones. Agribusiness of animals has already occupied 40 percent landmass of earthand 75 percent deforestation globally (Porter et al.). The animal agribusiness hampers thebalance of marine life as well. The water pollution resulted from intensive farming is a reason fordeath of many ocean animals and disturbs the ecological balance.The excessive meat production in Canada leads to declining number of habitat like beefand other animals used for red meat industry.Impact on peopleThe meat-based diet is a source of high protein. People are shifting their food habit fromvegetarian to a non- vegetarian one. Meats are not only intake for full course meal but also areused for different tasty snacks. However, too much dependency on meat diet brings healthhazards (Boada, Henríquez-Hernández and Luzardo).As people’s dietary habit shift towards ameat based diet the possibilities of diseases like high cholesterol, pressure and other diseasesincreases. These the root of many diseases and even cause life risk.World Health Organization reports that eating meat daily increases the risk of cancer.Frequent intake of hot dogs, corned beef, sausages and beef jerky increases the colorectal cancerprobability. The processed meat is also linked with heart diseases. Processed meats refer to meatthat are preserved by curing, smoking, drying, salting or canning. To preserve meat harmful
3ENVIRONMENT ECONOMICSchemicals are usedthat have negative impact on health (Clonanet al.).For preserving meat one ofthe chemicals used is N-nitroso. This element contains substances that can cause cancer. Thissubstance is formed from Sodium nitrite used for persevering pink or red color of meat, to givethe processed meat additional flavor and prevent bacteria growth.These risks are not usuallypresent with fresh meat. However, excessive consumption of both is harmful for health.Processed meat is associated with several chronic diseases such as high blood pressure, Boweland stomach cancer, obstructive pulmonary disease or heart problems.Impact on EnvironmentIn a report published by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization indicatesLivestock is a great threat to environment. The production of Livestock causes climate changeby greenhouse gas emission even greater than motor vehicles (Giaouriset al.).The production ofmeat is one of the main contributors of harmful green house gas. In addition to carbon dioxideemission extensive farming is also responsible for emitting nitrous oxide and methane. Theprimary source of methane is stored manure and fermentation of ruminants. Carbon dioxide gasis released from energy uses and burning of fossils fuels in firms.Globally it accounts 18% ofgreenhouse gas emission induced from human activity. It is also responsible for causingdegradation of land and water.The farm animals are grazed in fields and intensive grazing leadsto removal of upper layer of soil causing soil erosion and land degradation.The environmentdegradation is not only resulted from emission of gases like methane and manure but alsohamper ecological balance. In order to increase arable lands for feeding crops deforestation isincreasing at a rapid pace. The adverse impact on environment is realized in terms of destructionof rain forest, pollution, loss of water, soil erosion and acid rain.Explosion of farm animal offset people
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