Environmental Law and Governance in UK

Added on - 18 Sep 2019

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Environmental Law andGovernanceProposed PolicyStudent[Pick the date]
ContentsIntroduction.................................................................................................................................................2Problem context..........................................................................................................................................2The environmental issue of air pollution in UK....................................................................................2The existing legislation and policies.....................................................................................................4General actions and principles....................................................................................................................5General actions and principles proposed by the law/policy................................................................5Intended Impact of the law/policy......................................................................................................6Parties targeted by the law/policy.......................................................................................................7Actions for monitoring and addressing non-compliance.....................................................................7Specific instruments and budget.................................................................................................................8Conclusion.................................................................................................................................................10References:................................................................................................................................................111
IntroductionThere has been many policy initiatives, legislations, laws etc. that helps in dealing with the issueof air pollution in UK. But, there are loopholes and drawbacks in many of them. So, the aim ofthis report is to develop a policy proposal or a legislative initiative that details the principles,standards and instruments as well as implementation strategy for action vis a vis theenvironmental issue of air pollution in the country UK. The proposal begins with defining thecontext of the problem of air pollution, and then lays the general actions and principles to dealwith the issue and finally, the proposal talks about the specific instruments and budget that willbe used to implement this policy in a proper manner.Problem contextThe environmental issue of air pollution in UKThe quality of the life of people is affected by the Air pollution, the noise that comes from thetraffic, the litter on the streets etc. When these things remain unchecked, the pollution gets builtup and then the anti-social behavior gets generated. This is a very serious crime as well as a veryserious issue. It has been estimated in UK that the annual cost of the noise that comes from theroad transport is almost £7-10 billion and also the authorities have found that there is a linkbetween the noise of the road traffic and the various illness that people suffer from like the heartstrokes and the heart attacks (Graf, 2016). There is a direct effect of the air pollution on the lifeof the people and the well-being of the people is also affected. Almost 30,000 people die eachyear due to the air pollution (Atkinson, 2015) and for the others, their life expectancy getsreduced. Not only the humans, but the biodiversity also gets affected due to the air pollution likethe yield of the crops gets reduced and the climate changes, etc. The main cause of the air2
pollution is the emissions from the harmful pollutants and the increase in the concentration of theharmful pollutants in the environment.There are different forms of pollutants present in the air that are harmful for the life as well as forthe eco-system. There is a fine particulate matter present in the air that is capable of causing thepremature death and is also harmful for the cardiovascular system. This leads to increase in theadmission of the people into the hospitals and more number of people start visiting theemergency wards of the hospitals due to the heart attacks and the heart strokes. Many peoplebecome victims of the frequent asthma attacks too. The fine particles impair the visibility of thepeople. These are mainly emitted from the gaseous emissions like the nitrogen oxides and thesulfur dioxide. Then, the lead pollution in the air affects the neuro system of the children andthey suffer from the behavioral problems, the IQ level of the children reduces too and the adultsare faced with the high blood pressure and the various heart related diseases (Samoli, 2016).Carbon monoixde which is again emitted from the vehicles is also a very harmful air pollutantthat causes many respiratory and heart disease among the people.This is the main problem that the country is facing and apart from the air pollution caused by thevehicles on the road, the country is also faced with the pollution which is caused by theindustries and the factories.3