Environmental & Malaria Questionnaire PDF

Added on - Dec 2020

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Development of Malaria Information Portal in the fight
against Malaria in Urban Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria.
2017-18
Table of Contents
Dedication.........................................................................................................................................................ix
Acknowledgement..............................................................................................................................................x
Abstract.............................................................................................................................................................xi
Chapter 1............................................................................................................................................................1
Introduction....................................................................................................................................................1
1.1Scope................................................................................................................................................1
1.2Aims.................................................................................................................................................2
1.3Objectives........................................................................................................................................2
1.4Significance of the Study.................................................................................................................3
1.5Hypotheses.......................................................................................................................................4
1.6Background of the study..................................................................................................................4
1.7Statement of Research Problem.......................................................................................................5
1.8Scope and Limitations of the Study.................................................................................................5
1.9New Information Technologies........................................................................................................6
1.10Justification of Study.......................................................................................................................6
1.11Description of Urban Lokoja...........................................................................................................7
Chapter 2............................................................................................................................................................9
Literature Review...........................................................................................................................................9
2.1Global Positioning System (GPS)....................................................................................................9
Chapter 3..........................................................................................................................................................18
Field Survey and Questionnaire...................................................................................................................18
3.1Introduction....................................................................................................................................18
ii
3.2Data Collection..............................................................................................................................20
3.3Questionnaire.................................................................................................................................20
3.4Data Analysis and Synthesis..........................................................................................................24
3.5Research Design: Malaria Information PortalUsing Use Case Methodology....................36
Chapter 4..........................................................................................................................................................52
Prototype: Ichaba Information Portal...........................................................................................................52
4.1Design Prototype Interface............................................................................................................52
4.2Interface Accessibility....................................................................................................................56
Chapter 5..........................................................................................................................................................56
Discussion....................................................................................................................................................56
Reference..........................................................................................................................................................59
Figure Legends
Figure 1: This image was taken from Google.com, indicating the geographical location of Lokoja, Nigeria..7
Figure 2: This diagram illustrates period of rain season in urban Lokoja. Originally produced by Jennifer S.
Johnson during 2006 Huntington Flood Response............................................................................................8
Figure 3: World Health Organisation (WHO) Malaria Report from 2016.......................................................11
Figure 4: Illustrates Biogents (BG)..................................................................................................................14
iii
Figure 5: Illustrates two week old flooded environment (taken in County of Fairfax, Virginia., USA).........15
Figure 6: Contains Image from Huntington Flood Response 2006.................................................................16
Figure 7: Shows more designs of Biogents mosquito traps.............................................................................16
Figure 8: Page 1 of the Environmental & Malaria Questionnaire form filled out by the participants in
Nigeria..............................................................................................................................................................21
Figure 9: Page 2 of the Environmental & Malaria Questionnaire form filled out by the participants in
Nigeria..............................................................................................................................................................22
Figure 10: Page 3 of the Environmental & Malaria Questionnaire form filled out by the participants in
Nigeria..............................................................................................................................................................23
Figure 11: Illustrates the percentage of participants of the questionnaire survey both male and female........24
Figure 12: Pie chart demonstrates accurate percentage of the participants.....................................................24
Figure 13: This illustrates the percentage of rubbish collected and those not collected..................................26
Figure 14: Pie Chart is used to calculate the percentage of figure 30 of the rubbish distribution...................27
Figure 15: Number of females with mobile and internet access......................................................................28
Figure 16: Number of males with mobile and internet access.........................................................................28
Figure 17: This image was recorded at Lokoja urban city during field survey showing the road which
appeared to have been abandoned, yet in use by motorists..............................................................................29
Figure 18: This image was also recorded during field survey at urban Lokoja indicating a state of bad road
but at different location....................................................................................................................................29
iv
Figure 19: Indicates an abandoned waste container overdue for collection....................................................30
Figure 20: The above image illustrates a dumping site closer to a market during a field survey, which can be
used by mosquitoes during the rainy season to lay eggs..................................................................................31
Figure 21: This image was taken during field survey and depicts a road layout within urban Lokoja. As it can
be seen, the road side was also used as a dumping ground..............................................................................31
Figure 22: This image was captured from Google.com taken in the early 1950s............................................33
Figure 23: This image was captured from Google.com taken in the early 1950s............................................33
Figure 24: This image was taken from Google.com........................................................................................34
Figure25:ThisimagewastakenfromGoogle.com,whichreflectspersistentsearchformodern
development.....................................................................................................................................................35
Figure26:ThisimagewastakenfromGoogle.com,whichreflectspersistentsearchformodern
development, and provision for drainage and sewage system.........................................................................35
Figure 27: Login Page. (This diagram is drawn using the knowledge gained from User Centre Designed
(UCD) Assignment 2: Design Report involving teamwork: Sam, Timothy, Dan & Ayo.................................40
Figure 28: Illustrates interface diagram of malaria information portal (This diagram is drawn using the
knowledge gained from User Centre Designed (UCD) Assignment 2: Design Report involving teamwork:
Sam, Timothy, Dan & Ayo)..............................................................................................................................41
Figure 29: This diagram illustrates apps to create malaria report (This diagram is drawn using the knowledge
gained from User Centre Designed (UCD) Assignment 2: Design Report involving teamwork: Sam,
Timothy, Dan & Ayo).......................................................................................................................................42
v
Figure 30: This diagram contains “Use Case Diagram” for Malaria Portal. (The use case diagram is drawn
using the knowledge gained from the module “System Design Technique”)..................................................42
Figure 31: Contains use case description for malaria portal. (The use case description diagram is drawn
using the knowledge gained from the module “System Design Technique”)..................................................43
Figure 32: Contains use case diagram for adding new report. (The use case diagram is drawn using the
knowledge gained from the module “System Design Technique”).................................................................44
Figure 33: Contains activity diagram narrating the sequence of the objects that enable users to create new
report in the portal. (The activity diagram is drawn using the knowledge gained from the module “System
Design Technique”)..........................................................................................................................................44
Figure 34: Contains use case for editing report. (The use case diagram is drawn using the knowledge gained
from the module “System Design Technique”)................................................................................................45
Figure 35: This diagram shows edit page. (The activity diagram is drawn using the knowledge gained from
the module “System Design Technique”)........................................................................................................45
Figure 36: Contains use case for sharing new report. (The use case diagram is drawn using the knowledge
gained from the module “System Design Technique”)....................................................................................46
Figure 37: This shows sharing page of malaria news. (The use case diagram is drawn using the knowledge
gained from the module “System Design Technique”)....................................................................................46
Figure 38: Contains sequence diagram. (The sequence diagram is drawn using the knowledge gained from
the module “System Design Technique”)........................................................................................................47
Figure 39: Shows the state machine diagram. (The state machine diagram is drawn using the knowledge
gained from the module “System Design Technique”)....................................................................................47
vi
Figure 40: Contains system class diagram and objects relation. (The system class diagram is drawn using the
knowledge gained from the module “System Design Technique”).................................................................48
Figure 41: Contains portal home page layout. The interface is where users will have the accessibility they
need to have contact with outside world through the Internet and at the same time view news materials about
malaria and understand the enormity of malaria on the ordinary people of urban Lokoja. (The interface
diagram is drawn using the knowledge gained from the module “System Design Technique”).....................49
Figure 42: Diagram shows the body of the stakeholders for the malaria information portal..........................51
Figure 43: Contains contact me page of the prototype. This is used as a login page.......................................53
Figure 44: Shows the login page, and when it was tested without filling the boxes, a page prompts up asking
the user to fill the boxes before login...............................................................................................................54
Figure 45: Illustrates the welcome page of the malaria information portal. The welcome page actually
reveals the photograph of the mosquito feeding on its victim, and the above photo indicates a staff analysing
data sent through wireless platform.................................................................................................................55
Figure 46: This page is showing that the researcher’s project can be accessed online....................................56
vii
Table Legends
Table 1: Participants’ gender both male and female........................................................................................25
Table 2: Participants’ age brackets both male and female................................................................................25
Table 3: Participants’ employment status both male and female.....................................................................25
Table 4: Contains the order by which wastes were being disposed of without following proper procedures,
and without mini-waste bin provided to every household by the State Government......................................25
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