Environmental Management in Oil and Gas Upstream Industry

Added on -2020-02-05

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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENTFOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
TABLE OF CONTENTSIntroduction......................................................................................................................................3Task 1...............................................................................................................................................31.) The impact of the oil and gas production on the environment...............................................32.) Analyzing and discussing how the impact of oil and gas on soil can be minimized orprevented .....................................................................................................................................43.) Technologies for environment protection...............................................................................64. Developing a monitoring scheme and an enforcement program ............................................7Conclusion ......................................................................................................................................7References .......................................................................................................................................92
INTRODUCTIONOil and gas industry is among the highest profit generating and growing sector of UK.The industry provide job opportunity to significant number of individuals and thus serve asmajor economic booster. However, the industry has direct impact, on quality of soil, air andwater. Therefore, proper actions must be taken to resolve the issues that are faced by the industry(Environmental management in oil and gas upstream industry in UK. 2016). From the presentreport, various aspect of oil and gas industry will be studied/ in this report, clear understandingwill be shown of impact of oil and gas exploration on the environment. Along with that,description on actions taken by consumers and government to strengthen the measures forsustainable development of oil and gas industry are provided. In this study, a monitoring schemeand an enforcement program for protecting environment from this sector are discussed as well.TASK 11) Impact of oil and gas production on environmentCritical analysis of oil and gas exploration and production: During the production phase of oil and gas, the environment is directly affected. Majoractivities that occur during the exploration time include sesmic exploration and exploratory welldrilling which also damage the soil (O'riordan, 2014). Oil industry have adverse impact on theenvironment . It leads to air soil and water pollution..There are variety of chemicals used during drilling and production time of oil and gas.Many types of wastes which are produced by this process leads to soil erosion pollution of waterbodies etc. (Welford, 2013). the quality of soil is effected by following reason.Physical disturbance by constructionIndirect impact from opening access and social changeContamination resulting from leakage or solid waste disposalProduction and exploration of oil & gas products results in soil erosion due to disposal ofheavy wastes. The waste products are majorly disposed near drilling and production sites whichin turn results in soil or land pollution. In order to reduce the soil pollution, well pads can bedeveloped to dispose the waste material. This also helps in extracting vegetation and top layer ofsoil (Lehmann and Joseph, 2015). Further, soil and unusable water resources are damaged3

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