Epidemiology Assignment | Dental Anxiety and Treatments

Added on - 10 May 2020

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Impact of Dental Treatments,Procedures & Gender onDental Anxiety in AustralianAdults0
Table of ContentsAim.............................................................................................................................................................1Method.......................................................................................................................................................1Results........................................................................................................................................................2Discussion...................................................................................................................................................9Conclusion and Recommendation..........................................................................................................12References................................................................................................................................................14
Determining dental anxiety v/s type of treatment, in Australian adultsAimThis research aims to determine the frequencies of university students, meeting preventivedentistry guidelines.MethodParticipantsTotally 79% participants have participated the online survey in the Edith Cowan University, andthe participants’ age group is between 18 to 52 years. 65 participants were determined based onthe variables like, age, their living place and their previous visit to the dentist. But, only 63participants responded to the survey. Only the students who lived in the Western Australia wereconsidered i.e., 100% (65 participants) and the non-residents of Western Australia are not part ofthis survey. The number of males are 28 and females are 35.MaterialsQualtrics is used for collecting information, which is an online survey. The analysis comprises of23 questions. Data analysis includes independent variables like gender, participant’s nature andwere analyzed with time as dependent variable. Analysis of ordinal data is done with bivariateanalysis. Bivariate analysis was evaluated to know the relationship between last dental visit timeas dependent variable, with both genders and their nature.ProcedureThe responses were gathered with the help of online survey. The Edith Cowan University wastargeted to conduct the survey. The eligibility of the participants includes- The participants’ ageshould be 18 years and above; gender; must live in Western Australia, and the participants musthave previously visited the dentist. The duration of this survey lasted for 15 days, from 5thNovember, 2017 to 20thNovember, 2017. t- test, regression, one-sample test, factor analysis andlinear regression is done. Chi-square test is also completed for testing gender and last dental visitcorrelation. The p-value with 95% confidence interval was considered for determining thesignificant difference at each phase of the study.1
Data AnalysisSPSS software was utilized for analyzing the gathered data, from the Qualtrics. Initially, thedescriptive statistics is generated and later hypothesis tests are conducted. All the obtained valuesare utilized in the form of descriptive statistics. The data analysis includes independent variableslike gender, participant’s nature, which is analyzed with time as dependent variable. Analysis ofordinal data is performed with bivariate analysis. Bivariate analysis was evaluated to know therelationship between time since last dental visit as dependent variable, with gender (male orfemale) and their nature.ResultsResponse RateTotally, 81 responses were received, but the total number of participants in the survey includes79 participants, among which only 63 participants’ responses were considered for completing thesurvey. 35 females and 28 males responses were analyzed i.e., 44.44% of males and 55.56% offemales are the percentage results. Therefore, most of the respondents were females. Thevariable, educational level was analyzed to check the impact of educational background on thepatient’s treatment.The results represented that 24.19% (i.e., 15 participants) had completedtheir secondary level and 75.81% (i.e., 47participants) were either attending or had completedtertiary level. Thus, all the participants have educational background.It is observed that the participants who went for routine check-up includes 30.16% (i.e.,19 participants), the filling cavities about 20.63% (i.e., 13 participants), for cleaning the teeth15.87% (i.e., 10 participants), for tooth extraction 9.52% (i.e., 6 participants), for pain relief20.63% (i.e., 13 participants) and for other treatment only 3.17% (i.e., 2 participants). Thisrepresents that routine check-up has more number of patients (i.e., 19 individuals). Same numberof participants have complained about filling cavities and pain relief i.e., 20.63% or 13 patients.Various feelings, situations and reactions that correlate with dental practices weredetermined which analyses the muscle tension, rise in breathing rate, sweating, feeling of nausea,increasing heart rate and mouth salivating experiences of the respondents, to check their reasonfor dental anxiety.The respondents’ feelings and their fear level for the dental procedures are determinedbased on the cancellation of their dental appointments. The result of data analysis prove that2
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