Case Study - Gender equality in Australia

Added on - 15 Jun 2021

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Running Header: Case Study on Gender equality in Australia1Case Study on Gender equality in AustraliaStudent’s name:Student’s ID:Institution:
Case Study on Gender equality in Australia2Table of ContentsSection 1: Introduction................................................................................................................................31.b. Dataset 1 description........................................................................................................................41.c. Dataset 2 description........................................................................................................................5Section 2: Descriptive Statistics...................................................................................................................62.a. The relationship between the Gender variable and Occupation......................................................62.b. The relationship between the Gender Variable and Salary or wage amount...................................62.c. The relationship between the variables Gender and Salary or wage amount (numerical summary)72.d. The relationship between the Salary or wage amount and gifts or donation deductions................8Section 3: Inferential Statistics....................................................................................................................93.a Top 4 occupations based on median salary and proportion of the gender........................................93.b Significance of proportion of male machinery operators and drivers is more than 80%.................103.c Hypothesis test to determine whether there is a difference in salary amount between genders.. .113.d. Regression analysis (using dataset 2)..............................................................................................12Section 4: Discussion & Conclusion...........................................................................................................134.a. Discussion and Conclusions of findings...........................................................................................134.b. Suggestions for further research....................................................................................................13References.................................................................................................................................................14
Case Study on Gender equality in Australia3Section 1: Introduction1. a. IntroductionThe gender gap is the difference between the salary of men and that of women (Bekhouche ey al.,2013). The gender gap is attributed to not only discrimination in hiring but also the different industrieswhich women and men work among others. Gender equality has been a major case of discussion bymany people across different fields globally (Grown et al., 2005). According to Schwab (2017), thegender biases been experienced across the different field in the economy are keeping the mass fromclosing the gender gap thereby causing an overwhelming of the economy.The following research aims at finding the relationship between the gender gap and the GDP. Thus thearising research question:What is the a relationship between gender gap and the GDPThe research is necessitated by the fact that closing the gender gap is vital for policymaking anddevelopment (World Bank, 2012). According to Revenga and Shetty (2012), gender equality is vital forenhancing economic productivity, improving the outcomes of development for future generations, andmaking institutional and policies more representative. Momsen (2009), states that progress is a coursewhich expands freedom similarly for all the people both female and male. Thus, closing gender equalityimproves economic productivity and improves other outcomes of development (Hausmann, 2009).The net impact of gender inequality on growth is quite ambiguous. In some way, gender inequality isattributed to hindering growth or support growth circumstantially (Galor and Moav, 2004). Income andwages rapidly affect and bring about changes in aggregate demand. In the long-run, benefits of gender-equal opportunities in labor, education, and health are more efficient than the pervasive genderinequality seeing today (Booth and Bennett, 2002). Thus, conversion of gender equality createsopportunities for equal outcomes.
Case Study on Gender equality in Australia4Therefore, the question that arises is whether differences in wages and income affect economic growthor not? The following research will, therefore, endeavor to determine whether gender inequality has aneconomic impact. Thus, this provides a guide for the researcher to determine if indeed there is arelationship between gender gap and the GDP.1.b. Dataset 1 descriptionDataset 1 is a dataset specifically assigned to the undersigned researcher. The dataset entails anindividual sample file from 2013 to 2014 that was obtained from the Australian Taxation Office (ATO).Thus, the dataset can be described as secondary in nature.The dataset entails four variables; gender, occ_code, Sw_amt, and Gift_amt. The characteristics of thevariables are as shown in the table below:Table 1: Variable descriptionVariableDescriptionValuesTypeGenderGender (sex)Female or MaleDichotomousOcc_codeSalary/wage occupationcode0 = Occupation not listed/Occupation notspecified1 = Managers2 = Professionals3 = Technicians and Trades Workers4 = Community and Personal ServiceWorkers5 = Clerical and Administrative Workers6 = Sales worker7 = Machinery operators and drivers8 = Laborers9 = Consultants, apprentices and type notspecified or not listedDichotomousSw_amtSalary/wage amountAll numericContinuousGift_amtGifts or donationdeductionsAll numericContinuous
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