Essay on Computing- Innovation and Improvements

Added on - 28 Jan 2020

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Computing1
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...............................................................................................................................3Actor Network Theory and its relevancy.........................................................................................3Story 1: Facebook's internet.org initiative aims to connect 'the next 5 billion people....................4Story 2: Yahoo Exec Shows Encrypted Email at SXSW.................................................................5CONCLUSION....................................................................................................................................6References............................................................................................................................................72
INTRODUCTIONComputing is a goal oriented process of using the operations of computers for performingsome calculations. User utilises various computer technologies for completing some sorts of tasks.It involves designing, developing, processing, structuring and managing of hardware and softwarealong with various kinds of information. There are various fields of computing such as computerengineering, software engineering, computer science, information systems and informationtechnology(Greenhalgh and Stones, 2010).The statement “Within modern computing, every actant acts or is acted upon by at least oneother actant” is true with respect to the Actor Network Theory. In the present time, there is a strongrelationship between computer and human. The main thing is to take care here is that computer canbe any sort of device. The present essay is based on two stories regarding new technologies. The fileincludes actor network theory, its relevancy, relation between hardware and software actant andissues related to the stories.Actor Network Theory and its relevancyActor Network Theory (ANT) is a continuous process which shows the relationship ofsociety with technologies and other non-human actors. This theory explains both the human andnon-human actants as well as provides them equal agency within web or actor network. It is one ofmost effective and appropriate tools which describes the processes through which invention andtechnological systems get success or failed (Fang, Marle, Zio and Bocquet, 2012). Whiledeveloping a new technology, inventor passes it through various stages of innovation for connectingit with the users and different components. An inventor needs to employ both the analytical anddescriptive framework while dealing with humans and machines. In ANT, actor is something thatacts and actant is the one to which activity is granted by another(Armbrust and et.al. 2010).In addition, actant refers as a collective or individual agent who can be connected to theother agents whereas actors are the combination of symbolically invested things, relations orinscriptions. Both actor and actants combine and form a network by connecting each other strongly(Banks, 2011). This theory is a conceptual frame which helps in exploring collective socio-technicalprocesses in which spokesperson gives more attention to the science and technology. This theorydoes not make comparison in between the science and technology. In ANT, networks overcome theresistance and make strong bond internally by getting coherence and consistence. Three principlesare given by ANT which are agnosticism, generalised symmetry and free association. Whileforming the network, such theory gives emphasis to all the surrounding objects and adds them intoit (Feldman and Orlikowski, 2011).3
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