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Running head: ETHICAL THEORIESThe jobs killer is coming: How driverless trucks could change AustraliaName of Student-Name of University-Author Note-
ETHICAL THEORIES1.IntroductionThe case study that is described in the scenario is that running of trucks without humandrivers in Australia. The vehicles that runs in Australia are proposed to run with robots driverson road ("The jobs killer is coming", 2017). This technology is considered as one of the mostexited and best technology that has ever been seen by the citizens of Australia, but it is also to beconsidered as to ruin Australia. The Australian economy that depends on the logistics andtransport industry is near about 200$ billion, not using human drivers would greatly affect theeconomy. The introduction of smart trucks in Australia is equally profitable as well as notprofitable. Running trucks with drivers that does not needs food, sleep or any other facilities thathuman drivers needs is a great advantage for the economy of Australia, but at the same timethere increases a great sector of unemployment for the citizens of Australia. The truck driverswhose living is from driving the trucks are no more needed by the truck owners. As a result theyare left unemployed.2.Utilitarianism TheoryThe case study that is taken mentions the ethical theory of utilitarianism as because thereis a pleasure of having vehicles running on road without the human drivers (Goetghebeur et al.,2015). The cars and trucks that run on road will be run automatically by the robot drivers. Theutilitarianism theory of ethics deals not only with the amount of pleasure, it deals with thehappiness quality. The calculus of utilitarianism is considered as unreasonable. The quality ofhappiness is not possible to quantify. The principle of utilitarianism is the “Greatest HappinessPrinciple”. Utilitarianism is the way to gain the capability of getting happiness for all the people.
ETHICAL THEORIESThere are mainly two types of utilitarianism that are mainly faced in the ethical theory of thiscase study.Act utilitarianism- The utility principle is applied only to all the alternatives that come inthe situation where choices arise (Feiwel, 2016). The act which brings the best result of all theresults that comes is the act utilitarianism. In this case study the best choice is to start the use ofrobotic drivers that are introduced in Australia. The advantages of the having robot drivers aremuch more than their disadvantages.Rule utilitarianism- The validity of rules that conduct moral principles are the ruleutilitarianism. The rule of keeping the promise is done by looking the consequences of thepresent world in which promises are broken very easily (Treviqo & Tilly, 2015). After breakingthe rules, the impact is taken as good or bad. The rule utilitarianism in this case study isimplementing robot drivers. The impact that will come through will be seen afterwards.3.Deontology TheoryThe case study of having driverless trucks on roads of Australia gives the ethics ofdeontology as because it provides the wrongness to the task it is showing towards the truckdrivers (Baynes, 2103). Deontology is the approach where the ethics focus on the wrongness andthe rightness of the actions that is being done. According to deontology, a situation is consideredto be right or as wrong depends on what action it has actually occurred. Deontology is alsoknown as the Moral Absolutism. The obligation based and the duty based ethics are sometimesknown as deontology. The duty is bonded with the ethical rules by a deontologist. ImmanuelKant introduced some modern ethics of deontology in 18thcentury (Al-Aidaros, Shamsudin &Idris, 2103). Three works of moral philosophy was proposed by Kant. They are "Critique of