Ethics and Code - Assignment

Added on - 31 May 2021

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Running head: ETHICS AND CODEEthics and CodeName of the Student:Name of the University:Author Note:
1ETHICS AND CODEEthical questions- what if human beings fail to get job due to the advent of artificialintelligence and mechanics?A)Three virtues relevant to the question:Self-regarding virtuesElements such as courage, temperance and prudence which are regarded as traits ofself-regarding virtues can be destroyed if the human beings are losing jobs to artificialintelligence. Artificial intelligence involves self-regarding virtue as it threatens the welfare ofthe others (Bostrom and Yudkowsky 2014).Intellectual and Moral Virtue:Virtues are acquired by human beings are classified in terms of intellectuality andmorality, and the two virtues are independent of each otherPositive and Negative Virtues:The classification is based on the distinct course of actions that these values undertakeand result in deeds under positive and negative.B)MoralityArtificial intelligence requires optimization of logistics, research and a series oftechnologically updated machines producing better work, bereft of blunders. Morality ofartificial intelligence at the costs of human labor is debatable since it snatches away jobs fromhuman labor and destroys the hierarchy of labor (Pistono and Yampolskiy 2016). In theglobalized society, physical works no longer require human interference and human beingsare only employed for the purpose of cognitive activities. In case of artificial intelligencethey will not be in a position to distinguish in between positive and negative virtues and their
2ETHICS AND CODEactions would solely be based on data interpretation and instructions. Therefore they will beunable to employ positive and negative virtues while conducting or executing a series ofactions (Huber, Weiss and Rauhala 2016). It would assume a powerful and disruptive rolewithout the ethical implications of virtues. Unless an industry is manufacturing robots that arecapable of encoding ethical considerations or virtues as a part of their machine learningalgorithms they will not be able to base their decisions and work output in an ethical manner.Many research analysts have also suggested that AI can learn from the human behavior ofweighing wrong and right by their virtues but that would tantamount to more confusion(Russell, Dewey and Tegmark 2015). It is morally wrong to use AI because the production ofAI would be artificial components, predominantly action-centered without ethical or virtueconsiderations. In the light of moral light, the AI would produce result without taking intoconsideration surrounding environment and cultural norms.C)Immanuel Kant’s categorical imperative concerns the golden rule of acting towardssomebody in the manner that would act as a maxim on universal level (Russell,Dewey and Tegmark 2015). The act must be fashioned in an admirable manner andnot simply because of self-attainable selfish goals. In short, it revolves round theuniversality of moral laws that would be applicable to every single people. In thequest of morality to make oneself more perfect, and motives should never be based onselfish interests that should be more inclined towards rational considerations.i.One of the specific rules working with AI that it has to be designed according toAsimov’s Laws of Robots according to which no human beings should be harmedthrough it and robots must obey their orders so as to preserve positive virtues.ii.One of the general rules working with AI is to prototype it in the manner of a realperson instead of algorithm or data. This rule will involve making use of
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