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Unhealthy Dietary Propensities Assignment

Added on - 08 Nov 2019

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1EXAMINING DIETARY INTAKE AMONG FEMALE UNIVERSITY STUDENTSInstitutionStudentDateWord Count: 1407
2EXAMINING DIETARY INTAKE AMONG FEMALE UNIVERSITY STUDENTSIntroductionUnhealthy dietary propensities are one of the most significant risk determinants forchronic diseases and obesity, especially if adopted in early adulthood. Unhealthy dietary isbecoming more frequent because of the nutritious change that is influencing populaces overdeveloping nations where more westernized dietary examples are dynamically supplantingcustomary dietary that contain more healthy foods (12). This transition in nutrition seems toaffect mostly university students; different reports from developed nations have demonstratedthat students are leaving their parent’s homes and living nearer to the vicinity of their respectiveschool encounter various health associated behavioral alterations, including the appropriation ofunhealthy dietary propensities. These practices are credited to severe environmental changes (6),availability, and affordability of unhealthy diets making them better preference to students,leading to high intake of fast foods that contain high levels of calories, and lower consumption ofvegetables and fruits. Skipping meals is also frequent. Studies in different universities across thenation reveal that students eating habits are unfavorably being affected by environmental factorsresulting in alarming rates of chronic diseases, high metabolic risk factors, and obesity (4), (10).Gender contrasts in eating and nutrient intakes have been stated in scientific literature incountries like the US, Canada, and England. Other research in universities in Australia hasshown the prevalence of dietary habits in female students. Youthful female students are indanger of nutrient deficiency because of unhealthy eating behaviors and higher needs formicronutrients, for example, folate and iron particularly in the periconceptional period (4), (11).Some young ladies' dietary examples which incorporate the evasion of poultry and meat that isrich in micronutrients, and social impacts, for example, they aim at lower BMI regardless ofhaving a BMI in the typical range bringing about eating fewer carbs, could facilitate contrarilyeffect their supplement status and related health results. Therefore, this study aimed to highlightdietary behaviors, sedentary patterns, and nutritional status specifically in females (12).Participants of the StudyIn this study discussion from focus groups were utilized. 165 students from DeakinUniversity were recruited from second to the fourth year of the university. First-year studentswere excluded given their ‘limited’ experience of campus life.Methods and Procedure
3A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 300 students the students were females.Since random selection was not possible, a researcher approached students leaving classroomsduring their break and lunch hours (11). The researcher explained the aims of the study and thosethat showed interest and gave consent through word of mouth were asked to answer the self-administered questionnaire over the weekend and submit it the following week to the HealthFaculty at the University of Deakin.The questionnaire had questions on dietary intakes of calcium, nutrient intakes using a 3-day food record and physical activity assessments. The participating studentswere assuredoftheir anonymity during the study. Out of the 300 students handed the questionnaire 165 (55%)returned the survey forms to the field researcher, thus providing a sizable sample to be analyzed.Methods used for assessments were cutoff and probability.Assessment of Dietary IntakeThe self-administered calcium questionnaires and the 3-day food recordquestionnaireincluded food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) that examined thenormalstudents' dietary intake.The FFQ included questions on foods rich in calcium like milk (whole, low-fat, skim, soy milk,milk in tea/coffee and milk in cereal), cheese, yogurt, and seafood. The FFQ asked how manytimes in a day the participant took the specified food (8). The questionnairewas derivedfrom asimilarquestionnaireadministered in the Australian population and Dietary guidelines forAustralian adults.Anthropometric DataTo take part in the anthropometric assessment, participants were first asked to giveconsent of their body measurementsbeing recorded. Those that agreed have been invited to workin groups of fours. All the body compositionwas conductedin the laboratory. To measure thecircumference a tape measure was used, and for body mass and height a body mass indexmachine was used.Results from the comparison of anthropometrics measures against the self-report enabled calculation of the equation for the corrected report of nutrient intakes for femalestudents. An Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) for each nutrientwas setwhere aRecommended Dietary Intake (RDI) could be derived.A body mass index (BMI) was calculated subsequently together with their heights andweights. None the less a trained field worker conducted the measurements using standardizedtechniques.The Harpenden caliper was used to assess skin fold in bicep, triceps, subscapular
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