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Exploration DocumentTania FarhatHUM200Cultural Artifacts"Composition" is the act or practice of creating a song, an instrumental music piece, awork with both singing and instruments, or another type of music. In many cultures,including Western classical music, the act of composing also includes the creation ofmusic notation, such as a sheet music "score", which is then performed by the composeror by other singers or musicians. In popular music and traditional music, the act ofcomposing, which is typically called songwriting, may involve the creation of a basicoutline of the song, called the lead sheet, which sets out the melody, lyrics and chordprogression. In classical music, the composer typically orchestrates her owncompositions, but in musical theatre and in pop music, songwriters may hire an arrangerto do the orchestration. In some cases, a songwriter may not use notation at all, andinstead compose the song in her mind and then play or record it from memory. In jazzand popular music, notable recordings by influential performers are given the weight thatwritten scores play in classical music.Common ThemeThe Stage Manager often notes that time seems to pass quickly for the people in theplay.At one point, having not looked at his watch for a while,the Stage Manager misjudges thetime.At one point, having not looked at his watch for a while,the Stage Managermisjudges the time, which demonstrates that sometimeseven the timekeeper himself fallsvictim to the passage of time.Personal Experience
The theme of patriotism is all around me, as I live in Michigan with a strong senseProfessionDr. Wintz is a specialist in the Harlem Renaissance and in African American politicalthought. Wintz is an author or editor of numerous books includingHarlem Speaks;BlackCulture and the Harlem Renaissance;African American Political Thought, 1890–1930;African Americans and the Presidency: The Road to the White House; andThe HarlemRenaissance in the West. He served as an editor of the Oxford University Press five-volumeEncyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present, and theEncyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance(Routledge). He is a native Houstonian and agraduate of Rice University and Kansas State University.Humanities ResourcesChoose your subject carefully, keeping in mind the amount of time you have to write thepaper, the length of the paper, your intended audience and the limits of theresources.Check in the library to make sure a reasonable amount of information isavailable on the subject you choose.The topic of the paper is what you want to say aboutthe subject.To narrow the topic, you need to read background articles about your subjectin encyclopedias and other general references.Before you begin your research for yourpaper, you need to compose a thesis statement that describes the viewpoint you are goingto express and support in your paper.A thesis must not contain elements that are notclearly related.Poor:All novelists seek the truth; therefore some novelists are goodpsychologists. Better: In their attempt to probe human nature, many novelists appear tobe good psychologists.A thesis should not be written in figurative language.Poor:Religionis the phoenix bird of civilization. Better: As long as man can conceive the idea of a god,
religion will rise to give man a spiritual reason for existence.Evaluate the potentialsources as you go along, keeping in mind how well they relate to your topic, how up todate they are and how available they are. Watch for well known authors and try todetermine the point of view presented in the articles and whether they sound too technicalor too simplistic.Historical ContextThe historical context for "Music and Arts"when we hear a lion's roar, our ear drumsimply receives continuous changes in air pressure. The cochlea, so we are taught,responds to the frequencies and amplitudes of those changes and conveys those responsesto the brain. Our brain, by means largely unknown to us (past experience, instinct,deduction, instruction in roar analysis?) evaluates those time-varying frequencies andamplitudes as a lion's roar. Our brain then derives further information about the actualsource of the sound and its meaning. A person in one time or place might interpret thesound to mean "My life is in danger. I must run away from the sound source immediatelyas fast and as far as I can." A person in another time or place might look around calmlyfor the electronic recording device that produced the simulation of a lion's roar. A personwho had never learned to associate that sound with any particular source--e.g., a personwho had never heard a similar sound before--might attempt to compare it with otherknown sounds, or might even remain unconcerned as to what produced the sound.Similarities and DifferencesThere is no objective experience. Facts, figures, ideas, or other information that is notcommon knowledge Ideas, words, theories, or exact language that another person used inother publications Publications that must be cited include: books, book chapters,
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