Factors Influencing Thai Students to Study in UK | Case Study Assignment

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A Case Study of the factors influencingThai students to further their studiesin the UK
ABSTRACTAim:The aim of this dissertation is to conduct exploratory study of different factors whichinfluence Thai students to complete their higher studies in Birmingham, UK.Research Methodology:For attaining aim and objectives of this research, the author has usedinterpretivism research philosophy. It is effective for completing current investigation ondifferent factors that can affect decisions of Thai students. For the current investigation theauthor has used experimental research design because it is an effective design which provides ameaningful answers using appropriate theory. Along with this, the author has used deductiveresearch approach and use hypothesis testing for checking the reliability and validity of relevanttheories for current research subject. For the current study author has applied qualitativetechnique because researcher needs to understand the research concept. The researcher hasadopted secondary research measure for collecting facts and figures about the different factorsthat influence the Thai students for getting higher education from UK. As per the discussion ofresearch strategy, the author has used qualitative technique so, study has applied only containsingle technique for analysing such kinds of facts and figures.Conclusion: From the secondary analysis, it has concluded that there have several majorpurposes behind completing higher education in Birmingham of Thai students. The mostimportant factors that influence Thai students to complete their higher study in UK Universityare family and friends, scholarship amount of universities etc. Apart from this, personal factorsthat motivate the students to study in a Birmingham university. Thai students have completelysatisfied with the education system of universities of city of Birmingham.2|P a g e
TABLE OF CONTENTSABSTRACT2Chapter 1: introduction11.1 Background................................................................................................................................11.2 Aim and objectives....................................................................................................................11.3 Dissertation structure.................................................................................................................11.4 Significance of the study...........................................................................................................21.5 Value of study aboard................................................................................................................3Chapter 2: Literature Review41. Background of higher education..................................................................................................42. Theory..........................................................................................................................................73. Influence factors to students studying aboard...........................................................................104. Educational policies framed by UK government for migrants..................................................135. Conclusion.................................................................................................................................17Chapter 3: Research methodology184.1 Introduction..............................................................................................................................184.2 Project rationale.......................................................................................................................184.3 Focus and purpose...................................................................................................................194.4 Research questions...................................................................................................................194.5 Research philosophy................................................................................................................194.6 Research design.......................................................................................................................204.7 Approach of the study..............................................................................................................224.8 Research strategy.....................................................................................................................224.9 Data collection methods..........................................................................................................234.10 Data analysis..........................................................................................................................234.11 Ethical considerations............................................................................................................244.12 Validity and reliability...........................................................................................................244.13 Research limitation................................................................................................................25chapter 4: data analysis264.1 Introduction..............................................................................................................................264.2 Thematic analysis....................................................................................................................26CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION345.1 Conclusions..............................................................................................................................345.2 Recommendations....................................................................................................................36references38TABLE OF FIGURES3|P a g e
Figure 1: Shares of the world’s internationally mobile students, 2013...........................................5Figure 2: Elaboration likelihood model...........................................................................................94|P a g e
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION1.1 BackgroundGlobal trends in education sector have direct impact on post-graduate studies of studentsin developing nations. Due to economic instabilities, some countries are facing crucial challengesin providingqualityeducational services to students. On the other hand, some developedcountries are able to provide better educational facilities to studentsworldwide. India, China,Russia, Brazil and Thailand are the major nations facing issues in providing better educationalservices to their citizens. For example, a number of universities in Thailand do not provideappropriate opportunities of placement, campus, training and other sports activities of growthand development of students (Hazelkorn, 2015). Major reasons behind these issues are lack ofphysical and financial resources as well as education development. It can be reflected from theglobal trend that education from developed countries has a very high demand, as compare todeveloping nations. These universities are offering appropriate educational facilities, careeropportunities, scholarships and international placements. All these features have attractedstudents from developing nations to further their study in developed countries. From thissituation, the author has decided to conduct a study in this subject. Ultimately, the author wouldlike to disclose the actual reasons and factors that influence Thai students to further their study inthe UK universities. Regarding this, researcher has been used a very systematic process forconducting investigation in effective manner and this process is described in the followingdissertation.1.2 Aim and objectivesAim:The aim of this dissertation is to conduct exploratory study of different factors whichinfluence Thai students to complete their higher studies in Birmingham, UK.Research objectivesTo investigate major purposes influencing Thai students to study in Birmingham.To examine motivational factors of Thai students studying in BirminghamTo explore other personal factors of Thai students which affect their decision to furthertheir study in Birmingham.1.3 Dissertation structure1|P a g e
In this study, the researcherwill use a systematic structure which will comprise a numberof chapters. Brief discussions of these chapters are described as under:Chapter 1 – Introduction: It can be considered as brief discussion of the whole researchstudy. It comprises aim, objectives, focus, purpose and rational of the study. It helps inunderstanding the research behind this study. Further, this chapter will also provideappropriate support in obtaining information about the framework and analysis of theresearch methodology. Afterwards it also includes a systematic structure of the wholeexploration investigation (Goddard and Melville, 2004).Chapter 2 – Literature review:It is one of the most important chapters for collectingsecondary data on current research subject. This chapter will comprise historical researchstudies and their findings which are relevant to the current subject. It will help in gettinginsights to develop appropriate research questions for resolving research problem.Overall, it is one of the important chapters for understanding research subject.Chapter 3 – Research Methodology: It comprises number of research method which willbe required for completing investigation in effective manner. It helps in completing awhole research in effective manner. This chapter will help establishing the data collectionand analysis methods which will help in resolving research problem in effective manner(Kumar, 2014).Chapter 4 – Data analysis: This chapter will comprise number of methods which will beused by researcher for analysing facts and figures of the research subject. For the currentresearch study author will comprise thematic analysis method for examining collectedsecondary facts and figures in effective manner.It will disclose the actual findings of thecurrent research study.Chapter 5 - Conclusion: The current study is based on different factors which areinfluencing the Thai students for moving towards the UK universities for highereducation. So, it will comprise the conclusion and recommendations of the current studywhich will help in completing further investigation in more effective manner (Daniel andSam, 2011).1.4 Significance of the studyThis researcher focuses on Thai students which are moving towards the UK universities.Therefore, the findings of this research will be beneficial for researchers who would like to2|P a g e
conduct their future research on similar subjects. Along with this, using the findings of currentstudy future researcher will complete research on students of other nations who are movingtowards the UK universities.1.5 Value of study aboardThis research study will be insightful for Thai students who wish to come to the UK fortheir higher studies. Along with this, UK universities can also use the findings of this research toanalyse behaviour of Thai students. It will help universities in taking decisions about educationfacilities which can attract students. Along with this, it will disclose motivational and personalfactors of Thai students which will encourage Thai students to get better education from foreignuniversities (Hayden and Thiep, 2015). It will be beneficial for understanding buyer’s behaviourin effective manner.3|P a g e
CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEWLiterature review can be defined as a process of collecting secondary information aboutthe research subject. It plays important roles in getting insights from theoretical framework aboutthe research issues which will resolve it in appropriate way. Furthermore, it will also help inconducting the whole investigation using specific research process (Coulter and Roggeveen,2012). According to the research aim and objectives, literature will be based on differentmotivational and personal factors which influence Thai students to peruse the higher education inthe UK. There are a number of sourceswhich play an importantrole in obtaining secondaryinformation about the current subject which will provide appropriate solution for makingmeaningful conclusion for the present study. These sources include websites of Thai and UKuniversities, books, journals, articles, blogs and news (Ziderman, 2015). The author will includedifferent theories for analysing the current subject and determining research gap for the presentstudy.1. Background of higher educationGlobal perspective on higher educationKnight has concluded that “Globalisation is one of the powerful factors which has directimpact on postsecondary education” (Knight, 2015). There are a number of global trends thathave direct influence on higher education, mass enrolments, and mass higher education systemaround the world. These include the use of digital technologies in classroom, skilled andexperiencedprofessors, students from different nations and international jobs. Major countriessuch as India, China, Russia Brazil and Thailand are facing some challenges with respect tohigher education. Raffe and Croxford have concluded that economic growth and tertiaryeducation has strong relationship with each other (Raffe and Croxford, 2015). There are specificmeasures which have reflected that higher education is increasing in developed countries ascompare to developing nations. These include that that knowledge based employment is higherin developed nation. Including this, number of white collar and high skilled employees isincreasing more rapidly (Global Flow of Tertiary-Level Students, 2016). The global trend ofhigher education is in a very high demand in developed countries, as compare to developingnations which, in turn, attract students of growing countries towards the higher education systemof developed nation.4|P a g e
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