Modern Slavery with Examples, Its Causes and Solutions : Essay

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Modern Slavery
TABLE OF CONTENTESSAY.............................................................................................................................................3Modern Slavery with examples, its causes and solutions...........................................................3REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................12
ESSAYModern Slavery with examples, its causes and solutionsModern Slavery has many forms and have not ended up with the abolition of 19thcentury.It is where this act of modern slavery is extremely harmful for the entire world and its peoplewhere it is also devastating the society to a great extent. Slavery can be addressed in almostevery corner of this globe with its distinct forms and nature (Albin and Mantouvalou, 2012).Wherein, women are being forced in the field of harlotry to earn money, children are operating infactories and mills to produce commodities that are then getting sold everywhere. Likewise,there together exists several such individuals who are forced to operate in agricultural fields,factories, etc., where many women who are laboured as domestic workers with a forcefulconsent on them. It is along with yet another consent of huge debts on poor individuals, theirentire family members are mostly forced to operate with no pay at all.Also, the young aged girls in their families are being married off to elderly men. It is inaccordance to a constituted data of International Labour Organisation (ILO) where they haveestimated nearly 21 million individuals are around the globe to be in a similar state of slaverythat together includes and approximate presence of 5.5 million child labours. It is where modernslavery is composed of certain forms like a forcible work by enforcing individuals and bythreatening them either mentally or physically (Bernstein, 2010). Secondly, dominatingemployees by mentally or physically abusing and threatening them is referred to be yet anotherinconsiderate fact of modern slavery. Another form of modern slavery is dehumanisation whichmeans to treat an individual as a trading product who has been bought as a property and thensold. Lastly, confining physically by restricting the freedom of individuals to move is yet anotheratrocious form of slavery in this modern world.It is where there exists several forms of exploitation that duly ranges from forcibleprostitution to forced marriage and forcible labour to forced removal of organs, etc., where allthese are still framing the grounds of slavery in today's modern world. Herein, a forced labour isbasically referred to any such type of work in which the people are forced to operate with nowilling consent of their own where they are merely doing it because of any forbidding clause ofpenalty on them (Copeland and Thompson, 2011). This together enlightens yet another existenceof debt slavery also termed as bondage labour that is amongst the most distributed signifier ofslavery and where people are going through some sort of debt. It is where they may have
borrowed a sum of money and are now unable to repay it on time and are required to do so byworking under the lender.This involves no such terms of employment with all conditions are powered under theemployers. As discoursed above, human trafficking is also yet another type of slavery thatincludes transportation of individuals with the intent of exploiting them by threatening andviolating them via several compulsions (DAVIDSON, 2010). Descent based slavery is referredto be yet another modernised concept of slavery in which the people who already born in slaverydue to their ancestors who have been captured and enthralled remains in a similar environ ofbondage. Child slavery that is mostly related with the tact of child labour is referred to be a muchworsen form of slavery that duly whilst the concept of child labour and is exceedingly harmfulfor the children's involved in it. It resultantly hampers the education of those children's bytogether affecting their developmental agenda in a negative manner.Both these concepts of child slavery and child labour are interrelated to one other wherechild slavery is basically when a child labour is being exploited for the profit of someone else. Itis where child slavery pertains the situation of child soldiers, child trafficking, child marriage anddomestic slavery of children's, etc., (Gallagher, 2014). Lastly, on discussing about anotherconcept of modern slavery named forced and early marriage, it is when an individual is forciblymarried in opposition to their own will. It is with no possibility of leaving the marriage where itis with a major existence of child marriages with a clear depiction of slavery. It is also in concordto some leading facts gathered by ILO that has represented near about 20.9 million individualsdealing with some terrible forms of modern slavery all over the world.This is further with a segregated data of nearly 5.5 million children's slaved across theglobe. It is where most of the individuals are slaved in the regions of Asia Pacific with anenumerated ratio of 11.7 million where they are mostly slaved under bonded labour. It is alongwith yet another major existence of 3.7 million people slaved in African regions with 1.6 millionin Latin America (Kitson, 2010). Also, 1.5 million are slaved in the developed nations where14.2 million victims of slavery are mostly exploited for profitable activities with 4.5 millionindividuals who are laboured for sexual exploitation with 98% of female victims. However, theretogether exists 2.2 million people slaves who are being exploited by the government where UShas a recoded income of $150 billion earned from such illegal work. This amount is beinggenerated by their forced labours on yearly basis and is represented as their private economy.
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