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Introduction to World War I (1914-1918)

Added on - 16 Sep 2019

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Fallouts of WWI1What was the major social, cultural, political, and economic fallout of WWI?IntroductionThe world got shaken by the World War I (1914-1918). This is because, it did not happenbefore that the technology was put to such destructive ends, and the war had also never beensuch large in scope. Apart from the death of several empires and birth of several nations, theWWI led to redrawing of the national boundaries all over the world. Some countries gotprospered by it but some faced economic depression. The fallouts of WWI were far reachingin the form of political, cultural, social and economic impacts. Some of them are listed below:Cultural falloutsEarlier, people had a favour towards the collectivist culture. But after the WWI, thisconfidence got shattered. Many artists and creative people emerged who reacted to thetragedy that the people were facing. There was emergence of a new menace oftotalitarianism that developed from the wreckage and the new technology. The westernscience depicted that it could be a menace. In a single day, during the Battle of the Somme,Great Britain lost 19,200 men, most in the first hour. The sheer loss of life that theparticipants in World War One experienced in such a short period of time was somethingdreadfully new and unprecedented (Mosier, 2011).Social falloutsThe WWI disrupted the social norms that were followed for years and the progressivethinking got increased. The war changed the trend of countries towards liberalisation. But,
Fallouts of WWI2when the social norms got broken, the feminism got propagated and women could do manytasks that were earlier booked for men.But, the effects on that the war had on the minds of people did not want them to connect topeople of the outside world. The distrust was developed for the political leaders and theywere not able to come out of the horror and destruction that they faced during the war. Thepeople felt disillusioned and they were moaning for the deaths of their loved ones for longtime. So, it became difficult for the people to gain acceptance of the new social ties that werebuilding and the benefits that liberalisation could give them were not seen by them.Political falloutsThe Treaty of Versailles was signed that required Germany to make significant territorialconcessions along the eastern and western borders (Coltheart, 2011). The focus was onceding of Alsace-Lorraine to France because this was a cause of dispute between France andGermany for a long time. When Germany got victory in the Franco-Prussian War in 1871,this area got ceded to Germany, not France. But, France continued to make to make efforts toget it back. In WWI, France and Britain emerged as victorious powers and for fifteen years,they controlled Saarland. Poland and Denmark were the newly independent countries and therest of the parts of Germany were given to them.Germany saw a socialist revolution during the end of WWI and Weimar Republic wascreated due to German Revolution of 1918-1919 (Haffner, 1986). This lasted until 1930swhen the Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party seized power. Due to the defeat of Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire broke and it created several independent states. France and Britain
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