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Introduction to World War I (1914-1918)

Added on -2019-09-16

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Fallouts of WWI 1What was the major social, cultural, political, and economic fallout of WWI?IntroductionThe world got shaken by the World War I (1914-1918). This is because, it did not happen before that the technology was put to such destructive ends, and the war had also never been such large in scope. Apart from the death of several empires and birth of several nations, the WWI led to redrawing of the national boundaries all over the world. Some countries got prospered by it but some faced economic depression. The fallouts of WWI were far reaching in the form of political, cultural, social and economic impacts. Some of them are listed below:Cultural falloutsEarlier, people had a favour towards the collectivist culture. But after the WWI, this confidence got shattered. Many artists and creative people emerged who reacted to the tragedy that the people were facing. There was emergence of a new menace of totalitarianism that developed from the wreckage and the new technology. The western science depicted that it could be a menace. In a single day, during the Battle of the Somme, Great Britain lost 19,200 men, most in the first hour. The sheer loss of life that the participants in World War One experienced in such a short period of time was something dreadfully new and unprecedented (Mosier, 2011).Social falloutsThe WWI disrupted the social norms that were followed for years and the progressive thinking got increased. The war changed the trend of countries towards liberalisation. But,
Fallouts of WWI 2when the social norms got broken, the feminism got propagated and women could do many tasks that were earlier booked for men. But, the effects on that the war had on the minds of people did not want them to connect to people of the outside world. The distrust was developed for the political leaders and they were not able to come out of the horror and destruction that they faced during the war. The people felt disillusioned and they were moaning for the deaths of their loved ones for long time. So, it became difficult for the people to gain acceptance of the new social ties that were building and the benefits that liberalisation could give them were not seen by them. Political falloutsThe Treaty of Versailles was signed that required Germany to make significant territorial concessions along the eastern and western borders (Coltheart, 2011). The focus was on ceding of Alsace-Lorraine to France because this was a cause of dispute between France and Germany for a long time. When Germany got victory in the Franco-Prussian War in 1871, this area got ceded to Germany, not France. But, France continued to make to make efforts to get it back. In WWI, France and Britain emerged as victorious powers and for fifteen years, they controlled Saarland. Poland and Denmark were the newly independent countries and the rest of the parts of Germany were given to them. Germany saw a socialist revolution during the end of WWI and Weimar Republic was created due to German Revolution of 1918-1919 (Haffner, 1986). This lasted until 1930s when the Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party seized power. Due to the defeat of Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire broke and it created several independent states. France and Britain

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