Female labour force participation in kenya PDF

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FEMALE LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN KENYA
BY KARANJA NANCY MUGURE
ECO/012/2016
A RESEARCH PROJECT SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE
REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF A DEGREE IN BACHELOR OF ARTS
ECONOMICS
SCHOOL OF ARTS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
RONGO UNIVERSITY, KENYA
FEBRUARY 2020
ii
DECLARATION
I Nancy Mugure Karanja declare that this project is my own personal work and has been done
to the best of my knowledge and ability. I hereby declare that all information on this document
has been obtained and presented in accordance with academic rules and ethical conduct.
Name: Nancy Mugure KaranjaRegistration No.: ECO/012/2016
Signature:
Supervisor’s name: Mr Moses ObamaPosition: Lecturer
Signature:
iii
Table of Contents
DECLARATION........................................................................................................................................iii
LIST OF FIGURES.....................................................................................................................................v
ABBREVIATIONS....................................................................................................................................vi
ABSTRACT..............................................................................................................................................vii
1CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................1
1.1BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY.....................................................................................................1
1.2STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM....................................................................................................4
1.3RESEARCH OBJECTIVES................................................................................................................5
1.4RESEARCH QUESTIONS................................................................................................................6
1.5SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY......................................................................................................6
1.6SCOPE OF THE STUDY..................................................................................................................6
1.7LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY........................................................................................................6
1.8CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK........................................................................................................7
1.9OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS.........................................................................................7
2CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW.................................................................................................8
2.1INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................8
2.2THEORETICAL LITERATURE...........................................................................................................8
2.2.1Labor-Leisure Theory...........................................................................................................8
2.2.2Household Production Theory.............................................................................................9
2.2.3Human Capital Theory.......................................................................................................10
2.2.4The U-Shape Hypothesis....................................................................................................11
2.3EMPIRICAL LITERATURE.............................................................................................................11
2.4SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW..........................................................................................18
3CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY...................................................................................19
3.1INTRODUCTION..........................................................................................................................19
3.2TARGET POPULATION................................................................................................................19
3.3DATA COLLECTION.....................................................................................................................19
3.4METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS.....................................................................................................19
3.5MODEL SPECIFICATION..............................................................................................................19
iv
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1; Conceptual framework.....................................................................................................6
v
ABBREVIATIONS
FLFP – Female Labour Force Participation
SSA – Sub-Saharan Africa
GDP – Gross Domestic Product
FLFPR – Female Labour Force Participation Rate
ICLS - International Conference of Labour Statisticians
KNBS – Kenya National Bureau of Statistics
EU – European Union
ILO – International Labour Organization
UNDP – United Nations Development Programme
EAMAT – East African Multidisciplinary Advisory Team
WDI – World Development Indicators
OLS – Ordinary Least Squares
GDPpc – Gross Domestic Product Per Capita
vi
ABSTRACT
This paper contributes by providing new insights into the relationship between female labour
force participation and economic growth in Kenya for over a period of the last fitteen years,
2004-2019. The paper seeks to find answers for the research questions provided by using capital
and educational attainment as the explanatory variables. To examine this relationship, data on
female labour force participation and per capita income will be extracted from the World
Development Indicators database, and the relationship will be examined by using time series data
and E-Views as the method for data analysis. This paper contributes to the literature analyzing
the importance of female labour force participation in economic growth.
vii
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