5G Technology: Fifth Generation Wireless Technology Report 2022


Added on  2022-09-28

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Running head: 5G TECHNOLOGY
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Author Note

5G or the Fifth Generation wireless technology is the latest release for the cellular
technology. This technology has been formulated for enhancing the speed and quality of wireless
connection networks. This technology is iteration after the 4G connection, but its novelty lies
within the speed and the quality that the technology is going to serve. Some estimates claim that
the speed at which the data will transmit between the networks will be at a speed of 20 GBPS
that is 20 gigabytes of data could be transmitted with the help of 5G technology. The
implementation of 5G technology will let a passage for heavy bulk of data to be transmitted at
less time. More bandwidth will be available and antenna technologies at an advanced rate will be
present to make the data to be transmitted at a higher rate. The novelty of this technology could
be understood better with the extra features that this technology offers. Apart from high quality
speed, latency and capacity, 5G provides external features related to network management.
Network slicing is one of the features that worth mentioning. With the help of this technology,
through a single physical 5G network that mobile operators will be able to create virtual
networks that will be multiple in number. Besides, after the invention of the IoT it has become
mandatory to have a fast connection that will let the device function in real time and more
accuracy will be seen in the results. Such as for the navigation process of a vehicle should have a
fast connection with low-latency that is possible by the usage of network slicing can be done
with the help of 5G technology. The implementation of 5G technology is entirely based on
millimetre wave spectrum and hence the transmission has to be done among multiple small cells
that will be mostly planted at light poles or on the roofs of the buildings. Thus, the speed will
increase and would provide the low latency feature of it too. The primary objective of this report

is to analyse the user needs that will be satisfied through the implementation of 5G technology. It
is to analyse that whether the provision of high speed as well as low latency will be possible that
5G technology promises to provide. These are the primary research questions that this report will
Literature review
According to Ding et al., (2017) there is a technology which is very important is known
as NOMA. NOMA can be illustrated as Non-orthogonal multiple access. It helps to enable the
wireless network of fifth-generation. This is the network which is used to meet the demands that
are heterogeneous includes the high reliability, improved fairness, low latency, massive
connectivity, and also high throughput. The primary idea which is behind NOMA serves
different users together that are from the resource block that is same (Rappaport et al., 2017).
This includes time slot, the spreading code and the subcarriers. The author also said that the
principles of NOMA is a type of framework which is general and there are also several access
schemes of the 5G that are considered as of special cases. In the survey done by the authors an
overview is done by the authors on the NOMA that is latest, there are discussions about the
innovations with all their applications (Panatela et al., 2016) the authors have also discussed all
the challenges that are relating with NOMA of 5G and beyond to this topic is further discussed.
It can be understood form the paper that NOMA is the main principle in case to design the
techniques of radio access in case of the network of 5th generation. There are various techniques
that are proposed by academia and other industries which also includes the power domain that is
known as NOMA. Not like NOMA the Orthogonal Multiple Access is also a technique which is
known as OMA. Various other techniques known as Time Division Multiple Access that is

defined as TDMA and Orthogonal Frequency Davison Multiple Access which is defined as
OFDMA. This are the techniques that serves the resource block that are orthogonal. The OMA
and its spectral inefficiency can be illustrated with different examples. It is defined by the
authors that the applications of NOMA which is in a cellular network is new. The concepts that
are related to this are studied from the theory of information for a huge amount of time. The
principles of NOMA that are which removes orthogonally is a principle that is not used before by
any technique of previous generations. The authors have also found that the philosophy which is
applied on NOMA is different from that of the CDMA. The chip rate I case of the CDMA is
higher than the information rate of data that are supported (Zing et al., 2016). It is said that the
NOMA can be easily integrated in the existing wireless system and also in the wireless system of
the future. It is stated by the authors that NOMA is also included in the standards of Digital TV
those are forthcoming. In this case it is referred as LDM. From the above explanation of the
paper it is found that the primary goal of this paper is to provide an overview which is much
comprehensive for the latest research and the latest innovations done on NOMA (Hu et al.,
2015). This is the statement which is also included in the paper that is published on the special
issue of JSAC.
As said by Gupta & Johan, (2015) if anything next to 4G network is considered the main
objectives and the main demands that are needed to be fulfilled is to address and also to increase
the capacity, the data rate is improved, also the latency is decreased and the service is also
provided with much better quality of service. The paper says that in case to meet the following
demands various improvements are needed to be done in case of the architecture of the cellular
network (Islam et al., 2016). A detailed survey is also provided in the paper which is done on the
fifth generation architecture of the cellular network and various keys are emerged which are on

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